1940: The Battle of Britain began.
1958: Columbia Records signed up a 17-year-old singer called Cliff Richard.
1963: The Great Train Robbery took place at Sears Crossing, Buckinghamshire, when a gang of 15 men, including Ronnie Biggs and Buster Edwards, stole more than £2.6 million.
1974: Richard Nixon announced his resignation as US president, the first to do so, because of his implication in the Watergate scandal.
1991: Hostage John McCarthy came home, five years and three months after being kidnapped and held hostage in Beirut.
2008: The opening ceremony of the Olympics took place in Beijing at the ’Bird’s Nest’ Stadium.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Adam Peaty sensationally won Britain’s first medal of the 2016 Rio Olympics by taking gold in the men’s 100m breaststroke and setting a new world record.
BIRTHDAYS: Keith Barron, actor, 83; Dustin Hoffman, actor, 80; Connie Stevens, actress and singer, 79; Keith Carradine, actor, 68; Nigel Mansell, former racing driver, 64; The Edge (David Evans), rock guitarist (U2), 56; Angus Fraser, former cricketer, 52; Chris Eubank, former boxer, 51; Princess Beatrice of York, 29.