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636: Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire.
1148: Crusaders attack Damascus.
1745: Charles Edward Stuart, “the Young Pretender”, lands at Eriskay Island, The Hebrides.
1793: The Prussians conquer Mainz.
1798: Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt.
1812: Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I in the Battle of Mogilev.
1834: HMS Beagle anchors in the Bay of Valparaiso.
1840: Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada.
1868: The All England Lawn Tennis Club is founded as The All England Croquet Club.
1885: Former US President and Union general Ulysses S Grant, dies aged 63.
1888: John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent the pneumatic tyre. On the same day, mystery writer Raymond Chandler is born in Chicago.
1892: Birth of Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari Makonnen) Emperor of Ethiopia.
1900: The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada.
1904: The ice cream cone is created during the St Louis World Fair.
1914: Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours.
1920: British East Africa is renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony.
1921: The Chinese communist party forms.
1922: Firmin Lambot of Belgium wins the Tour de France.
1929: The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words.
1931: France announces it can’t afford to send a team to 1932 LA Olympics.
1942: Adolf Hitler orders the German Army to advance on Stalingrad.
1944: The Soviet Army marches into Lublin, Poland. On the same day, US troops occupy Pisa, Italy.
1945: Marshal Philippe Petain, leader of the French Vichy collaborationist regime during the Second World War goes on trial.
1955: Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to a new water speed record at Ullswater – 202.32 mph.
1957: A national bus strike turns violent as strike breakers are attacked on picket lines.
1959: US vice president Richard Nixon begins a visit to the USSR.
1964: Egyptian munition ship “Star of Alexandria” explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria, killing 100.
1966: Hollywood star Montgomery Clift dies aged 45.
1967: Race riot in Detroit. 43 people die. On the same day, the first successful liver transplant is carried out on 19 month-old Julie Rodriguez at the University of Colorado.
- Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles
- Headquarters – The Monkees
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Fiddler On The Roof – Original London Cast
- Are You Experienced? – The Jimi Hendrix Experienced
- Best Of The Beach Boys – The Beach Boys
- Mamas And Papas Deliver – The Mamas and Papas
- More Of The Monkees – The Monkees
- Live At The Talk Of The Town – Tom Jones
- Greatest Hits – Buddy Holly
1968: The Beatles recorded ‘Everybody’s Got Something To Hide Except Me And My Monkey’ at EMI Studios, Abbey Road for the White Album. On the same day, 11 people die in a race riot in Cleveland US.
1970: Qaboos bin Said al Said becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa’id ibn Taimur. On the same day, a ban on parades and public processions until January 1971 is announced by the Stormont government in Northern Ireland.
1973: US President Richard Nixon refuses to release tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation.
1974: The military government in Greece collapses and former prime minister Constantine Karamanlis is invited to return.
1977: Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham was charged with assault after a concert at the Oakland Coliseum in California. Bonham and band manager Peter Grant, with the help of bodyguard John Bindon roughed up a security employee at the venue who had chastised Grant’s son.
1982: The International Whaling Commission votes for total ban on commercial whaling from 1985. On the same day, actor Vic Morrow and two child actors are killed in a helicopter crash during filming on the set of “Twilight Zone: The Movie”.
1986: Prince Andrew marries Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey.
1989: Greg LeMond of the USA wins the Tour de France.
1994: The International Astronomical Union named an asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter after Frank Zappa, who had died the previous December.
1995: Britain sends 1,200 troops to relieve the besieged Bosnian capital, Sarajevo. On the same day, two REM fans die at a gig at Dublin’s Slane Castle – one drowns in the River Boyne and the other is allegedly pushed from a bridge. On the same day, Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered.
- Boom Boom Boom – The Outhere Brothers
- Shy Guy – Diana King
- Alright – Supergrass
- Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me – U2
- Kiss From A Rose – Seal
- In The Summertime – Shaggy
- A Girl Like You – Edwyn Collins
- Try Me Out – Corona
- 3 Is Family – Dana Dawson
- I’ll Be There For You – Method Man Ft Mary J Blige
1999: Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father.
2000: Tiger Woods wins the British Open at Royal Lytham & St Anne’s. On the same day, the Tour de France finishes without a winner after the disqualification of drugs cheat Lance Armstrong.
2001: Paul McCartney and Heather Mills announce their engagement.
2005: Dozens are killed in bomb attacks in the Egyptian resort of Sharm al-Sheikh.
2010: One Direction is formed during the X Factor by Simon Cowell.
2011: Singer Amy Winehouse was found dead at her Camden home aged 27.
2012: Sally Ride, the first American woman in space, dies of pancreatic cancer aged 61.
2014: The Commonwealth Games open in Glasgow.
2015: NASA’s Kepler mission announces the discovery of the most Earth-like planet yet – Kepler-452b, which is 1,400 light years from Earth. On the same day, the US Supreme Court rejects a petition by Bill Cosby against a civil case of his alleged sexual assault of 15-year-old girl at the Playboy Mansion in 1974.
2017: Chris Froome of Britain wins his fourth Tour de France. On the same day, England beat India by 9 runs at Lords to win the Women’s Cricket World Cup.
2019: Boris Johnson is chosen by the Conservative Party to replace Theresa May as Prime Minister.
BIRTHDAYS: Madeline Bell, singer, 78; Andy Mackay, saxophonist/oboeist (Roxy Music) 74; David Essex (Cook), singer/actor, 73; Janis Siegel, singer (Manhattan Transfer) 68; Graham Gooch, cricket legend, 67; Dennis Greaves, guitarist/vocalist (Nine Below Zero) 63; Martin Gore, musician/songwriter (Depeche Mode) 59; Woody Harrelson, actor, 59; Slash (Saul Hudson) guitarist (Guns n Roses) 55; Alison Krauss, bluegrass artist, 49; Marlon Wayans, comedian, 48; Fran Healy, singer-songwriter/guitarist, 47; Kathryn Hahn, actress, 46; Michelle Williams, singer (Destiny’s Child) 40; Daniel Ratcliffe, actor, 31.