193AD: Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
845: Paris is sacked by Viking raiders.
1584: Death of Ivan The Terrible.
1772: Charles Edward Stuart “Bonnie Prince Charlie” marries by proxy Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern.
1797: Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents the washing machine.
1799: New York State abolishes slavery.
1809: Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
1845: Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US.
1854: Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War.
1859: First performance of Johannes Brahms’ 1st Serenade for orchestra.
1881: Death of composer Modest Mussorsky aged 42.
1891: The first world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London.
1916: First performance of “Jerusalem” by George Parry set to words by William Blake.
1920: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford marry.
1930: Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
1939: The Spanish Civil War ends as Madrid falls to Franco.
1941: Writer Virginia Woolf commits suicide aged 59.
1942: British naval forces raid the Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire.
1957: Singer Billie Holiday marries mafia enforcer Louis McKay.
1958: Death of blues composer W C Handy aged 84.
1967: Working on Sgt Pepper, John Lennon recorded his lead vocal for ‘Good Morning Good Morning’ and Paul McCartney added a guitar solo to the track.
1969: Death of former US president Dwight D Eisenhower aged 78.
1974: Blues artist Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Crudup, who wrote the songs “That’s All Right (Mama) and “My Baby Left Me”, which were covered by Elvis Presley, died of a stroke at the age of 69.
1979: Labour government of Jim Callaghan loses a vote of no confidence. On the same day, a partial meltdown at Three Mile Island nuclear plant in the US results in the release of radioactive gas and iodine into the atmosphere.
1982: David Crosby was arrested after crashing his car on the San Diego Highway. Police found cocaine and a pistol in the vehicle When asked why he carried the gun, his reply was, “John Lennon”.
1985: Neil Simon’s play “Biloxi Blues” premieres in New York. On the same day, french artist Marc Chagall dies aged 97.
1987: Death of actor Patrick Troughton aged 67.
1994: BBC Radio Five Live broadcasts for the first time.
1995: Julia Roberts and Lyle Lovett split up.
1996: Angelina Jolie marries Johnny Lee Miller.
2003: In a “friendly fire” incident, two US A-10 Thunderbolt IIs from the 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the invasion of Iraq.
2004: Death of actor, author, journalist, comedian and broadcaster Peter Ustinov aged 82.
2013: Session guitarist Hugh McCracken died of leukemia in New York City at the age of 70. On the sane day, actor Richard Griffiths dies aged 65.
2014: Tickets for Kate Bush’s first live shows in 35 years sold out in less than 15 minutes.
2017: Britain introduces 1st new pound coin in 30 years with secret security feature inside to stop counterfeiting. On the same day, Donald Trump signs Energy Independence executive order undoing Obama climate-control measures.
2018: Captain Steve Smith and David Warner are suspended by Cricket Australia for 12 months, and Cameron Bancroft (9 months) for their part in the infamous ball-tampering scandal in South Africa.
BIRTHDAYS: Michael Parkinson, broadcaster, 85; Neil Kinnock, former leader of the Labour Party, 78; Dianne Wiest, actress, 72; John Evan, keyboardist (Jethro Tull) 72; Reba McEntire, country artist, 66; Chris Barrie, actor, 60; Steve Bull, former footballer, 55; Steve Turner, guitarist (Mudhoney) 55; Nasser Hussain, former cricketer, 52; Tim Lovejoy, broadcaster, 52; Vince Vaughn, actor, 50; Nick Frost, actor/writer, 48; Scott Mills, Radio 1 DJ, 46; Dave Keuning, guitarist (The Killers) 44; Julia Stiles, actress, 39; Nikki Sanderson, actress, 36; Lady Gaga (Stefani Germanotta), singer-songwriter, 34; Lacey Turner, actress, 32.