It happend today – this day in history – October 8

1075: Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.

1690: Ottoman troops capture Belgrade.

1769: Captain James Cook lands in Poverty Bay, New Zealand.

1806: British forces lay siege to the French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve.

1856: Beginning of the Second Opium War.

1871: The deadliest wildfire in recorded history destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people. On the same day, the Great Fire of Chicago, thought to have been caused by a cow kicking over a lamp, kills 200 people and destroys over 4 square miles of buildings.

1879: The Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos.

1892: Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs his “Prelude in C-sharp-Minor” in Moscow.

1897: Gustav Mahler is named director of the Vienna Court Opera by Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I.

1912: Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning the First Balkan War.

1917: Leon Trotsky is named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control.

1918: American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks a German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans.

1924: The Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to the Conservatives.

1927: The first official Laurel and Hardy film, the silent short “The Second Hundred Years” is released.

1934: Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for the murder of aviator Charles Lindbergh’s baby son.

1940: German troops occupy Romania.

1945: The microwave oven is patented.

1952: Three trains crash at Harrow and Wealdstone, killing 112 people.

1955: The world’s most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, is launched.

1957: Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire.

1960: Great Britain beats Australia 10-3 to win the Rugby League World Cup.

1962: Algeria is admitted as the 109th member of the United Nations.

1964: The Beatles record She’s A Woman in seven takes plus one overdub in just five hours with producer George Martin playing piano.

1965: The Post Office Tower, the tallest building in England at the time, opens in London.

1966: Cream drummer Ginger Baker collapses during a gig at Sussex University after playing a 20 minute drum solo.

1967: Guerilla leader Ernesto “Che” Guevara is shot and killed in a battle with troops in the Bolivian jungle. On the same day, former prime minister Clement Attlee dies aged 84.


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1970: Soviet dissident author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1972: Despite retiring with suspension trouble at the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen, Emerson Fittipaldi becomes first Brazilian to win the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1973: Britain’s first independent commercial radio station LBC begins broadcasting.

1976: The Sex Pistols sign with EMI.

1978: Australian Ken Warby sets the world water speed record at 319.627mph at Blowering Dam, New South Wales. On the same day, Lotus driver Mario Andretti comes 10th in the season ending Canadian Grand Prix at Île Notre-Dame Circuit, but still secures his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1980: Bob Marley collapses in Central Park, New York, while jogging and is taken to Sloan-Kettering Hospital. On the same day, British Leyland starts selling the Mini Metro.

On TV (Wednesday)



THAMES

09.30For Schools; Seeing and Doing

09.50My World

10.10How We Used to Live

10.35Writers Workshop

11.05Stop, Look, Listen

11.17Finding Out

11.34The English Programme

12.00The Munch Bunch

12.10Rainbow

12.30About Britain

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30Crown Court

14.00Frontier

15.00Conservative Party Conference
Coverage from Brighton


16.15A Musical World

16.45The Squad

17.15The Brady Bunch

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames News

18.25Help!

18.35Crossroads

19.00Hart of the Yard

19.30Coronation Street

20.00The Morecombe and Wise Show

20.30Cowboys

21.00Flickers
Comedy drama seriess tarring Bob Hoskins and Frances de la Tour


22.00News at Ten

22.30A Car is Born

23.30Guinness Golden Darts


BBC ONE

09.05For Schools, Colleges

11.25You and Me

11.40For Schools, Colleges

12.45News and Weather

13.00Pebble Mill at One

13.45See-Saw

14.01For Schools, Colleges

15.25Delia Smith’s Cookery Course: pt 1

15.53Regional News

15.55Play School

16.20Mighty Mouse

16.25Jackanory

16.40Think of a Number
with Johnny Ball


17.05John Craven’s Newsround

17.10Grandad

17.40Evening News

17.55Nationwide
With Frank Bough, Sue Lawley, Hugh Scully and Sue Cook


18.45Angels

19.10Where Are They Now?
David Jacobs goes to Texas to meet Jim Lovell, who uttered the historic words ‘ Houston, we have a problem’ when he was in charge of the ill-fated Apollo 13 moon mission. Also, he meets Belita, the ice skater who, at the age of 31, represented Britain in Hitler’s Olympics, and went on to stardom in dazzling Hollywood musicals.


19.40Lena’s Music
Lena Martell sings some of her favourite songs in the company of her guests Keith Harris and Ralph McTell.


20.30Oh Happy Band!
Comedy starring Harry Worth. The Anti-Airport Committee helps convince the ministry that an Arab nation has bought Mr Braithwaite’s house for their Embassy.


21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25Sportsnight
Introduced by Harry Carpenter featuring the 1980 Horse of the Year Show


22.45Parkinson
Michael Parkinson and his midweek guests Michael Bentine and Graham Chapman


23.45News Headlines; Weather


BBC TWO

06.40Open University

09.00Gharbar

09.25Conservative Party Conference 1980
Live coverage of the second day with Robin Day and David Dimbleby


11.00Play School

11.25Conservative Party Conference

16.50Open University

18.55Embroidery

19.20Mid-Evening News

19.30The Book Programme
Presented by Robert Robinson


20.00XTC at The Manor
XTC spent a weekend in August at The Manor -a house near Oxford now established as a ‘live-in’ recording studio – making their single Towers of London, which also appeared on the album Black Sea. Andy Partridge, Colin Moulding, Terry Chambers, Dave Gregory and producer Steve Lilliwhite demonstrate the complexities of analogue multi-track recording.


21.00M*A*S*H
A setback in his private life makes Charles so mad that he refuses to speak to anyone in the unit.


21.25We, the Accused

22.20Rock Week Concert
A chance, to see again part of the farewell performance of Cream at the Royal Albert Hall in November 1968.


22.50Newsnight

1982: Poland bans Solidarity and all workforce unions.

1985: Little Richard is seriously injured in a car accident.

1987: An inquest jury into the Zeebruge ferry disaster in March returns verdicts of unlawful killing.

1990: Hectic trading in the City marks Britain’s first day as a full member of the Exchange Rate Mechanism. On the same day, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters.

1991: The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia.

1992: West Indies poet Derek Walcott wins the Nobel prize for Literature. On the same day, the Pioneer Venus Orbiter crashes onto the planet’s surface.

1993: The UN lifts all remaining economic sanctions against South Africa.

1998: The US House of Representatives votes to begin impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton on charges that he lied about an affair with Monica Lewinsky.

2000: Singles chart:

  1. Black Coffee – All Saints
  2. Against All Odds – Mariah Carey ft Westlife
  3. Silence – Delerium ft Sarah McLachlan
  4. Body Groove – Architects ft Nana
  5. Kernkraft 400 – Zombie Nation
  6. In Demand – Texas
  7. Could I Have This Kiss Forever – Whitney Houston/Enrique Iglesias
  8. The Way I Am – Eminem
  9. I’m Out Of Love – Anastacia
  10. Lady (Hear Me Tonight) – Modjo
2000: Radiohead – Kid A

Album chart:

  1. Kid A – Radiohead
  2. Music – Madonna
  3. Sing When You’re Winning – Robbie Williams
  4. Warning – Green Day
  5. The Marshall Mathers LP – Eminem
  6. Born To Do It – Craig David
  7. Light Years – Kylie Minogue
  8. The Voice – Russell Watson
  9. White Ladder – David Gray
  10. Sailing To Philadelphia – Mark Knopfler

2001: US President George W Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security. On the same day, a twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System jetliner collide in heavy fog during take-off from Milan, killing 118.

2005: A powerful earthquake across Pakistan, northern India and Afghanistan kills 73,000 people and leaves a million homeless.

2012: Record label bosses at EMI re-call a vinyl, anniversary edition of The Beatles single Love Me Do after discovering they had accidentally pressed a version that included session musician Andy White playing drums instead of Ringo Starr.

2013: Philip Chevron, guitarist with The Pogues, dies of cancer aged 56.

2015: The FIFA Ethics Committee bans Sepp Blatter, UEFA president Michel Platini and FIFA’s secretary general Jérôme Valcke from all football activity for 90 days. On the same day, Singer Jim Diamond dies aged 64, and TV presenter Hugh Scully dies aged 72.

2016: 140 people are killed in an air strike during a wake in Sanaa, Yemen.

2019: Death of Malcolm “Molly” Duncan, sax player with the Average White Band aged 74. On the same day, the FBI confirms Samuel Little as America’s most prolific serial killer, after verifying more than half of his 93 confessed murders.

BIRTHDAYS: Ray Reardon, snooker legend, 90; Paul Hogan, comedian/actor/writer, 83; Rev Jesse Jackson, civil rights activist, 81; Chevy (Cornelius) Chase, comedian/writer, 79; Bel (Beryl) Mooney, journalist, 76; Sheila Ferguson, singer (The Three Degrees) 75; Sigourney (Susan) Weaver, actress, 73; Jay Graydon, guitarist, 73; Hamish Stewart, guitarist/bassist/singer (Average White Band) 73; Ursula von der Leyen, President of the EC, 64; Gary Crowley, broadcaster, 61; Ardal O’Hanlon, comedian/actor, 57; Teddy Riley, songwriter/producer, 55; Matt Damon, actor/writer 52; Anne-Marie Duff, actress, 52; Sadiq Khan, Mayor of London, 52; Bruno Mars, (Peter Gene Hernandez), singer, 37; Ksenia Solo, actress, 35; Bella Thorne, actress, 25; Steven Bergwijn, footballer, 25.