1620: French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII.
1672: Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn.
1688: James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, flees to France.
1690: Astronomer John Flamstead observes the planet Uranus without realising it hasn’t been discovered yet.
1777: Tsar Alexander I of Russia is born in Saint Petersburg.
1783: General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the US Army.
1815: “Emma” by Jane Austen is first published.
1834: Death of economist Thomas Malthus aged 68.
1888: Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, after argument with fellow painter Paul Gaughin.
1899: Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton for South Africa during the Second Boer War.
1912: The Aswan Low Dam begins operating on the River Nile. On the same day, the Indian Revolutionary Underground attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing a homemade bomb into his elephant carriage during a ceremonial procession in Delhi.
1914: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo.
1916: Allied forces defeat Turks in Egypt’s Sinai peninsula.
1920: The Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act is passed, partitioning Ireland.
1922: The BBC begins daily radio news bulletins.
1933: Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe is sentenced to death for burning the German Reichstag.
1941: American forces on Wake Island in the Pacific surrender to the Japanese. On the same day, Japan begins an assault on Rangoon, Burma.
1947: The transistor is invented by John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain and William Shockley at Bell Labs in New York.
1948: Former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo is hanged aged 64 for war crimes.
1953: Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, Lavrentiy Beria is executed aged 54.
1954: The first human kidney transplant is carried out by Dr. Joseph E. Murray in Boston, Massachusetts.
1959: Chuck Berry is arrested after taking a 14 year-old prostitute across a state line. He was sentenced to five years, but was freed after racist comments by the judge.
1960: King Saud assumes power in Saudi Arabia.
1961: Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62million worth of food and medical supplies.
1964: During a Beach Boys tour of the US, Brian Wilson suffers a nervous breakdown on a flight from Los Angeles to Houston.
1965: Singles chart:
- We Can Work It Out/Day Tripper – The Beatles
- Wind Me Up (Let Me Go) – Cliff Richard
- The River – Ken Dodd
- The Carnival Is Over – The Seekers
- Tears – Ken Dodd
- My Ship Is Coming In – The Walker Brothers
- My Generation – The Who
- 1-2-3 – Len Barry
- A Lover’s Concerto – The Toys
- Let’s Hang On – The Four Seasons
1968: Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders become the first men to orbit the Moon.
1969: Italian midfielder Gianni Rivera wins the Ballon d’Or.
1981: England’s Geoffrey Boycott becomes the leading run-scorer in test cricket with 8033.
1987: Manson “family” member Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, serving a life sentence for the 1975 attempted assassination of President Gerald Ford escapes from prison.
1992: Funkadelic guitarist Eddie Hazel dies aged 42.
1996: Saxophonist and legendary jazz club owner Ronnie Scott dies aged 69 from an accidental overdose of barbiturates prescribed by his dentist.
1997: Writer/director Woody Allen marries Soon-Yi Previn 27, adopted daughter of his former partner Mia Farrow.
1999: George Harrison’s home in Maui is broken into by Cristin Keleher, who cooks a frozen pizza, drinks beer from the fridge, starts some laundry and phones her mother in New Jersey.
2000: Comedian and pianist Victor Borge (Borge Rosenbaum) dies aged 91.
2005: Chad declares war against Sudan following a December 18 attack on Adré.
2006: Comedian Charlie Drake (Springhall) dies aged 81.
2007: Jazz pianist Oscar Peterson dies aged 82.
2013: Jazz saxophonist/flautist Yusef Lateef, dies aged 93.
2016: The UN Security Council adopts a landmark resolution demanding a halt to all Israeli settlement in Palestinian territory occupied since 1967.
- Together – Michael Ball & Alfie Boe
- Glory Days – Little Mix
- The Wonder Of You – Elvis Presley
- Blue & Lonesome – The Rolling Stones
- 24 Hrs – Olly Murs
- The Heavy Entertainment Show – Robbie Williams
- 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
- Christmas – Michael Buble
- Nobody But Me – Michael Buble
- Long Live The Angels – Emeli Sande
BIRTHDAYS: Akihito, former Japanese emperor, 87; Frederic Forrest, actor, 84; Jorma Kaukonen, guitarist (Jefferson Airplane) 80; Harry Shearer, actor, 77; Adrian Belew, guitarist/singer, 71; Anthony Phillips, guitarist, 69; Carol Ann Duffy, poet, 65; Dave Murray, guitarist (Iron Maiden) 64; Trisha Goddard, TV personality, 63; Joan Severance, actress, 62; Carol Smillie, TV personality, 59; Eddie Vedder, singer-songwriter (Pearl Jam) 56; Carla Bruni (Sarkozy), singer-songwriter/model/former French First Lady, 53; Jodie Marsh, glamour model, 42; Harry Judd, drummer (McFly) 35; Finn Wolfhard, actor, 18.