1460: The Duke of York is killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for Henry VI at the Battle Of Wakefield in the Wars of the Roses.
1621: James I cracks the Protestation of Parliament.
1703: An earthquake hits Tokyo, killing 37,000.
1835: The Georgia gold rush forces Cherokees to move across the Mississippi River.
1865: Author Rudyard Kipling is born in Bombay.
1877: Johannes Brahms’ 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna.
1879: Gilbert & Sullivan’s “Pirates of Penzance” premieres.
1884: Anton Bruckner’s 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig.
1897: The province of Zululand is annexed to Natal colony.
1903: An electric arc lamp sets fire to the Iroquois Theatre in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history.
1906: Persia becomes a constitutional monarchy.
1944: King George II of Greece, abdicates.
1947: King Michael of Romania is forced to abdicate his throne by Communists, sending him into exlie as the country is declared a republic.
1950: Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia become Independent states within the French Union.
1958: Fidel Castro’s Cuban rebels edge closer to Havana in a bid to overthrow the military regime of President Batista.
1965: Ferdinand Marcos is inaugurated as President of the Philippines.
1967: Songwriter Bert Berns dies of Heart failure aged 38.
1968: Frank Sinatra record “My Way”, a French melody with English lyrics by Paul Anka.
1969: Peter Tork quits The Monkees, buying himself out of his contract which leaves him broke.
1970: Boxer Sonny Liston dies aged 40.
1972: US President Richard Nixon halts the bombing of North Vietnam and announces peace talks.
1974: The Beatles partnership is legally disbanded.
1979: Composer Richard Rodgers dies aged 77.
1984: Singles chart:
- Do They Know It’s Christmas? – Band Aid
- Last Christmas – Wham!
- We All Stand Together – Paul McCartney
- Like A Virgin – Madonna
- Nellie The Elephant – Toy Dolls
- Ghostbusters – Ray Parker Jr
- The Power Of Love – Frankie Goes To Hollywood
- Shout – Tears For Fears
- Everything Must Change – Paul Young
- I Want To Know What Love Is – Foreigner
- The Hits Album – Various Artists
- Now That’s What I Call Music 4 – Various Artists
- Make It Big – Wham!
- The Collection – Ultravox
- Welcome To The Peasuredome – Frankie Goes To Hollywood
- Alf – Alison Moyet
- Party Party – Black Lace
- Diamond Life – Sade
- Arena – Duran Duran
- Greatest Hits – Shakin’ Stevens
1994: Two women are shot dead when a gunman opens fire at two neighbouring abortion clinics in a suburb of Boston.
1999: George Harrison is stabbed in the chest when an intruder breaks into his home in Henley-on-Thames. Wife Olivia fights the attacker off by hitting him over the head with a lamp.
2002: Singer Diana Ross is arrested for drink driving in Tuscon, Arizona.
2004: Bandleader Artie Shaw (Arthur Arshawsky) dies aged 94.
2006: Former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is hanged aged 69.
2011: Actor David Tennant marries actress Georgia Moffett, the daughter of another former Doctor Who, Peter Davison.
2014: Actress Luise Rainer dies aged 104.
2016: Alan Williams, The Beatles’ first manager, dies aged 86. On the same day, Ray Davies of The Kinks is awarded a knighthood.
2018: Singer Miley Cyrus marries actor Liam Hemsworth.
BIRTHDAYS: Michael Nesmith, singer-songwriter/guitarist (The Monkees) 78; Clive Bunker, drummer (Jethro Tull) 74; Patti Smith, songwriter/poet.,74; Jeff Lynne, singer-songwriter/producer (ELO) 73; Tracy Ullman, actress, 61; Jay Kay, singer-songwriter (Jamiroquai) 51; Sister Bliss (Ayalah Bentovim) keyboards (Faithless) 50; Tiger (Eldrick) Woods, golfer, 45; Eliza Dushku, actress, 40; Kristin Kreuk, actress, 38; Ellie Goulding, singer-songwriter, 34; Caity (Caitlin) Lotz, actress, 34.