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1542: Birth of Mary Queen of Scots.
1813: Ludwig van Beethoven’s 7th Symphony in A, premieres in Vienna with Beethoven himself conducting.
1849: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “Luisa Miller” premieres in Naples.
1864: The Clifton Suspension Bridge, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel is finally opened in Bristol, five years after his death.
1915: Jean Sibelius’ 5th Symphony in E premieres on theh composer’s 50th birthday. On the same day, John McCrea’s poem “In Flanders Fields” appears anonymously in “Punch” magazine.
1921: Irish President Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty. He was outvoted by his cabinet.
1925: Birth of jazz organist Jimmy Smith.
1935: The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto.
1941: The US and UK declare war on Japan. US enters the Second World War.
1963: Frank Sinatra’s son was kidnapped at gunpoint from a hotel in Lake Tahoe. He was released two days later after his father paid out the $240,000 ransom.
1968: Graham Nash left The Hollies and started work with David Crosby and Stephen Stills.
1978: Golda Meir, former Prime Minister of Israel, dies aged 80.
1980: John Lennon was shot and killed by Mark Chapman outside the Dakota Building in New York as he returned from a recording session with his wife, Yoko Ono.
1982: Gabriel Garcia Marquez wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1984: Vince Neil from Motley Crue was involved in a car accident in Redondo Beach, California, which killed Nick Dingley from Hanoi Rocks and injured two other passengers.
1987: Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles.
1994: Death of composer Antonio Carlos Jobim aged 67.
2004: Former Pantera guitarist Dimebag Darrell was one of five people killed after a gunman stormed the stage during a Damageplan show at the Alrosa Villa Club in Columbus, Ohio.
2016: Sir Mick Jagger became a father again at the age of 73, after his 29-year-old girlfriend, American ballerina Melanie Hamrick, gave birth to a boy in New York. On the same day, astronaut and US senator John Glenn dies aged 95.
BIRTHDAYS: Bobby Elliott, drummer (The Hollies) 77; Ray Shulman, musician (Gentle Giant) 70; Kim Basinger, actress, 66; Nathan East, bassist, 64; Warren Cuccurullo, guitarist, (Frank Zappa/Duran Duran) 63; Phil Collen, guitarist (Def Leppard) 62; Teri Hatcher, actress, 55; Sinead O’Connor, singer/songwriter 53; Corey Taylor, singer, (Slipknot) 46; Dominic Monaghan, actor, 43; Ian Somerhandler, actor, 41; Nicki Minaj (Onika Tanya Maraj-Petty), singer/rapper, 37. Amir Khan, boxer, 33; Raheem Sterling, footballer, 25.