1098: Crusaders defeat Prince Redwan of Aleppo at Antioch.
1355: The St. Scholastica’s Day riot breaks out in Oxford, leaving 62 scholars and up to 30 locals dead in two days.
1720: Edmond Halley appointed Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Observatory.
1763: The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain.
1794: Joseph Haydn’s 99th Symphony in E premieres.
1814: Battle of Champaubert, Napoleon defeats the Russians
1824: Simon Bolivar is named a dictator by the Congress of Peru.
1840: Queen Victoria marries her cousin, Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
1860: Johannes Brahms’ 2nd Serenade in A, premieres.
1863: The first US fire extinguisher patent is granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia.
1878: Tchaikovsky’s 4th Symphony in F premieres.
1879: Journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley departs for the Congo.
1881: Jacques Offenbach’s opera “Les Contes d’Hoffman” premieres in Paris.
1904: Japan and Russia declare war.
1916: Conscription begins in Britain.
1918: Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war.
1931: New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
1940: Debut of the first Tom & Jerry cartoon.
1942: ‘Chattanooga Choo Choo’ by Glenn Miller and his Orchestra became the first recording to be awarded a Gold record. It was actually just a master copy of the disc sprayed with gold lacquer by RCA as a publicity stunt.
1946: Mobster Charles ‘Lucky’ Luciano is deported to Italy.
1949: Arthur Miller’s play ‘Death of a Salesman’ opens in New York.
1952: India holds its first general election: Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru remains in power.
1962: The USSR swaps U2 pilot Francis Gary Power to the US for Rudolph Abel.
1966: ‘Valley of the Dolls’ by Jacqueline Susann is published. On the same day, Bob Marley marries Rita Anderson.
1968: Peggy Fleming of the US comfortably wins Olympic women’s figure skating gold medal at the Grenoble Winter Games.
1971: The Royal Albert Hall band a scheduled concert by Frank Zappa. He sues.
1974: Record producer Phil Spector was injured in a car crash. He needed extensive plastic surgery that dramatically altered his looks.
1977: The Clash started recording their debut album at CBS studios in London.
1990: South African President F W de Klerk announces that Nelson Mandela will be released on the following day.
1991: Lithuania votes for independence from the USSR.
1992: Boxer Mike Tyson is convicted of rape.
1993: An interview by Oprah Winfrey with Michael Jackson draws an audience of 90 million.
1996: IBM computer Deep Blue beats reigning champion Gary Kasparov at chess. On the same day, an IRA bomb explodes in the Docklands area of London.
2004: Diana Ross was sentenced to two days in jail after pleading ‘no contest’ to a drink driving charge.
2005: Who singer Roger Daltrey was awarded the CBE by HM The Queen at Buckingham Palace .for services to the music industry. On the same day, the Palace announces the engagement of Prince Charles to Camilla Parker-Bowles and playwright Arthur Miller dies aged 89..
2006: The 20th Winter Olympic Games open in Turin, Italy. Luciano Pavarotti sings ‘Nessun Dorma’ in his last ever performance.
2008: Death of actor Roy Scheider aged 75.
2013. Nigeria win the Africa Cup of Nations.
2014: Child star turned diplomat Shirley Temple Black dies aged 85.
2018: Tottenham Hotspur beat Arsenal, 1-0 at Wembley Stadium in front of a Premier League record single-game attendance of 83,222.
BIRTHDAYS: Leontyne Price, soprano, 93; Robert Wagner, actor, 90; Roberta Flack, singer, 83; Michael Apted, documentary maker, 79; Nigel Olsson, drummer (Elton John), 71; Greg Norman, golfer, 65; Philip Glenister, actor, 57; Laura Dern, actress, 53; Elizabeth Banks, actress/director, 46; Keeley Hawes, actress, 46; Holly Willoughby, TV presenter, 39; Emma Roberts, actress, 29; Chloe Grace Moretz, actress, 23.