It happened today – on this day in history – February 20

1472: Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.

1547: Edward VI is crowned following the death of his father Henry VIII.

1673: The first recorded wine auction is held in London.

1724: Handel’s opera “Giulio Cesare in Egitto” premieres at the King’s Theatre in Haymarket, London.

1745: Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland.

1792: US postal service created.

1798: Napoleon’s chief of staff Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power and takes him prisoner.

1810: Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of a rebellion against Napoleon is executed.

1811: Austria declares bankruptcy.

1816: Gioachino Rossini’s opera “The Barber of Seville” premieres in Rome.

1831: Polish revolutionaries defeat Russia in the Battle of Growchow.

1846: The British occupy the Sikh citadel of Lahore.

1856: The steam packet-ship John Rutledge, en route from Liverpool to New York, hits an iceberg and sinks with the loss of 120 passengers and 19 crew. There is only one survivor.

1873: Naval Officer John Moresby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea and claims it for Britain.

1919: French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau is injured during an assassination attempt.

1932: Japanese troops occupy Tunhua, China.

1935: Caroline Mikkelson becomes the first woman to land on Antarctica.

1938: Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns saying Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has appeased Nazi Germany.

1941: Polish Jews are barred from using public transportation. On the same day, the first transport of Jews to concentration camps leaves Plotsk.

1944: US forces take Enewetak Atoll.

1947: Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence. On the same day, the state of Prussia ceases to exist

1952: Britain’s Jeannette Altwegg wins the Olympic women’s figure skating gold medal at the Olso Winter Games.

1958: The government announces the closure of one of the oldest naval dockyards in the UK at Sheerness on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent.


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1959: Sixteen year-old Jimi Hendrix makes his stage debut at the Temple De Hirsch Sinai synagogue in Seattle. He is sacked from the band after the first set for his wild playing.

Singles chart:

  1. As I Love You – Shirley Bassey
  2. One Night – Elvis Presley
  3. Smoke Gets In Your Eyes – The Platters
  4. Does Your Chewing Gum Lose Its Flavour (On The Bedpost Over Night) – Lonnie Donegan
  5. Kiss Me Honey Honey Kiss Me – Shirley Bassey
  6. To Know Him Is To Love Him – The Teddy Bears
  7. Baby Face – Little Richard
  8. Problems – The Everly Brothers
  9. A Pub With No Bear – Slim Dusty
  10. The Day The Rains Came – Jane Morgan

1962: Astronaut John Glen becomes the first American to orbit the Earth aboard Friendship 7.

1965: Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returning photos and other data to Earth.

On TV (Saturday)

ATV LONDON


12.45News

12.50World of Sport

17.15The Forest Rangers

17.45News

17.50Thank Your Lucky Stars
Pete Murray introduces Adam Faith, Herman’s Hermits and Gene Pitney


18.35Bonanza
Western Adventure starring Lorne Greene and Dan Blocker


19.25Danger Man
Espionage series starring Patrick Magoohan as agent John Drake


20.25Fire Crackers

21.00News

21.10The Saint
Starring Roger Moore as Simon Templar


22.10The Sullavan Brothers

23.05On the Braden Beat
With Bernard Braden


23.30The Four Just Men

23.55News


BBC ONE

11.45The Science Of Man

12.15Komm Mit!

12.40Notice Board

12.45Grandstand

17.15Juke Box Jury
Chris Hutchins, Lulu, Roy Orbison and Marjorie Proops review the week’s new releases from The Everly Brothers, P J Proby, Petula Clark, The Ronettes and The Four Pennies with host David Jacobs


17.40Doctor Who: The Zarbi
William Hartnell as The Doctor against people dressed like giant wasps. Even to a 7 year-old it wasn’t scary.


18.05The News And The Weather

18.15Dixon Of Dock Green

19.00Temple Houston
Western series


19.50The Billy Cotton Band Show
Variety show with guests Ronnie Hilton, Ted Rogers and The Seekers.


20.35Sherlock Holmes: The Illustrious Client
Douglas Wilmer as Sherlock Holmes, Nigel Stock as Dr. Watson


21.25The Rogues
Film series starring Starring David Niven, Charles Boyer and Gig Young


22.15News

22.25Not So Much A Programme More A Way Of Life Satire from David Frost

23.10Sports Special
Alan Weeks introduces Chelsea v. Tottenham Hotspur; Peterborough United v. Swansea Town; Manchester United v; Burnley from th FA Cup fifth round.


23.40Weather


BBC TWO

18.55News

19.00Match Of The Day

19.50Cinema 625: South Wind (1960)
Italian film with subtitles starring Claudia Cardinale


21.25Not Only… But Also
Iconic comedy from Peter Cook and Dudley Moore with guests Peter Sellers and Barry Humphries


22.10The Cambridge Union

23.00Jazz 625
The Errol Garner trio


23.35News Followed By Late Night Line-Up
1966: The Beatles – Rubber Soul

1966: Album chart:

  1. The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
  2. Rubber Soul – The Beatles
  3. The 2nd LP – The Spencer Davis Group
  4. Mary Poppins – Original Soundtrack
  5. Going Places – Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
  6. Take It Easy – The Walker Brothers
  7. Beach Boys Party – The Beach Boys
  8. Help! – The Beatles
  9. My Name Is Barbra Two – Barbra Streisand
  10. Otis Blue – Otis Redding

1968: John Cleese marries actress Connie Booth.

1971: The US National Emergency Centre erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn’t resolved for 30 minutes.

1975: A feud begins between the official IRA and the INLA.

1976: Muhammad Ali defeats Belgian Jean Pierre Coopman in Round 5 in Puerto Rico

1978: Egypt pulls its diplomats out of Cyprus.

1979: Eleven ‘loyalists’ known as the “Shankill Butchers” are sentenced to life in prison for 19 murders; the gang was named for its late-night kidnapping, torture and murder (by throat slashing) of random Catholic civilians in Belfast.

1983: Hundreds die in Assam as fierce fighting rages in the run-up to Indian elections.

1988: Peter Kalikow purchases the New York Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6million.

1989: Two IRA bombs explode at an army barracks at Tern Hill, Shropshire, shortly after soldiers are evacuated.

1993: Ten year olds Jon Venables and Robert Thompson are charged with the abduction and murder of two-year old James Bulger.

1998: UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations.

2005: Death of journalist and author Hunter S Thompson aged 67.

2016: A gunman goes on a random killing spree in Kalamazoo, Michigan, killing six. On the same day, a lock of John Lennon’s hair sells for $35,000 at an auction in Dallas, Texas

2020: Donald Trump associate Roger Stone is sentenced to 40 months imprisonment for obstructing a congressional investigation.

BIRTHDAYS: Sidney Poitier, actor/director, 94; Buffy (Beverley) Sainte-Marie, singer-songwriter, 80; Jimmy Greaves, football legend, 80; Mitch McConnell, US senator, 79; Mike Leigh, director/playwright, 78; Brenda Blethyn, actress, 75; Gordon Brown, former prime minister, 70; Phil Neal, former footballer, 70; Anthony Head, actor, 67; Imogen Stubbs, actress, 60; Ian Brown, singer-songwriter (The Stone Roses) 58; French Stewart, actor, 57; Cindy (Cynthia) Crawford, model, 55; Chelsea Peretti, comedian/actress, 43; Lauren Ambrose, actress, 43; Trevor Noah, comedian/TV host, 37; Miles Teller, actor, 34; Rihanna (Robyn Fenty) singer, 33; Mabel (McVey) singer-songwriter, 25; Cruz Beckham, 16.