1472: Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
1547: Edward VI is crowned following the death of his father Henry VIII.
1724: Handel’s opera “Giulio Cesare in Egitto” premieres at the King’s Theatre in Haymarket, London.
1745: Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland.
1792: US postal service created.
1811: Austria declares bankruptcy.
1816: Rossini’s opera “The Barber of Seville” premieres in Rome.
1919: French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau is injured during an assassination attampt.
1938: Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns saying Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has appeased Nazi Germany.
1941: Polish Jews are barred from using public transportation. On the same day, the first transport of Jews to concentration camps leaves Plotsk.
1947: Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence. On the same day, the state of Prussia ceases to exist
1959: Jimi Hendrix, 16, plays his first gig in the Temple De Hirsch synagogue basement, Seattle. He is fired from the band after the first set due to his wild playing.
1962: John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth aboard Friendship 7.
1965: Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returning photos and other data to Earth.
1971: National Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn’t resolved for 30 minutes.
1979: 11 ‘loyalists’ known as the “Shankill Butchers” are sentenced to life in prison for 19 murders; the gang was named for its late-night kidnapping, torture and murder (by throat slashing) of random Catholic civilians in Belfast.
1989: An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England.
1998: UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations.
2005: Death of journalist and author Hunter S Thompson aged 67.
2016: A gunman goes on a random killing spree in Kalamazoo, Michigan, killing six.
BIRTHDAYS: Sidney Poitier, actor, 93; Jimmy Greaves, football legend, 80; Buffy Sainte-Marie, singer/songwriter, 79; Charlie Gillett, broadcaster, 78; Mitch McConnell, US politician, 78; Brenda Blethyn, actress, 74; Gordon Brown, former prime minister, 69; Phil Neal, former footballer, 69; Anthony Head, actor, 66; Imogen Stubbs, actress, 59; Ian Brown, singer, 57; Willam Baldwin, actor, 57; Cindy Crawford, model, 54; Chelsea Peretti, comedian/actress, 42; Edward Lay, drummer (Editors) 39; Trevor Noah, comedian/TV host, 36; Rihanna, (Robyn Fenty) 32.