1512: Death of Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
1630: Native Amerian Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn at Thanksgiving.
1732: Birth of George Washington, first president of the US.
1746: Jacobite troops vacate Aberdeen.
1774: The House of Lords rules authors do not own copyright of their work in perpetuity.
1797: The Last Invasion of Britain by the French, begins near Fishguard.
1821: Spain sells (east) Florida to the United States for $5 million.
1847: US troops beat the Mexican army at the Battle of Buena Vista.
1865: Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery.
1892: “Lady Windermere’s Fan” by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London.
1918: Germany claims the Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia.
1922: London issues a unilateral declaration of Egyptian independence.
1933: Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 272.46 mph driving his Bluebird car at Daytona Beach, Florida.
1955: Maureen Connolly, one of America’s greatest tennis players, announces her retirement from the sport after a horse riding accident.
1967: Working on the Sgt Pepper album at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, St John’s Wood, The Beatles recorded the giant piano chord, played simultaneously on three pianos, at the end of A Day In The Life.
1970: Singer Tony Burrows appears on three records in today’s Top 10 as the lead vocalist on the songs United We Stand, My Baby Loves Lovin’ and the No 1 Love Grows (Where My Rosemary Grows)
- Love Grows (Where My Rosemary Goes) – Edison Lighthouse
- Wandrin’ Star – Lee Marvin
- Let’s Work Together – Canned Heat
- I Want You Back – The Jackson 5
- Instant Karma – John Lennon and The Plastic Ono Band
- Leaving On A Jet Plane – Peter Paul and Mary
- Temma Harbour – Mary Hopkin
- Venus – Shocking Blue
- My Baby Loves Lovin’ – White Plains
- United We Stand – Brotherhood Of Man
- Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
- Motown Chartbusters Vol 3 – Various Artists
- Led Zeppelin II – Led Zeppelin
- Abbey Road – The Beatles
- Live In Las Vegas – Tom Jones
- A Song For Me – Family
- Johnny Cash At San Quentin – Johnny Cash
- Basket Of Light – Pentangle
- Paint Your Wagon – Original Soundtrack
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
1972: Five women and an army priest are killed in an IRA bomb attack on the 16th Parachute Brigade headquarters at Aldershot Barracks.
1974: Fighting breaks out around food distribution points in California as newspaper tycoon Randolph Hearst pays a $2million ransom for his kidnapped daughter Patty.
1979: St Lucia gains independence from Britain.
1980: Afghanistan declares martial law.
1983: Hindus kill 3000 Muslims in Assam, India.
1987: Pop artist Andy Warhol dies after a gall bladder operation.
1991: US President George Bush gives Iraq until 1700 GMT tomorrow to pull out of Kuwait or face the full force of the allies.
1997: A sheep named Dolly is cloned by scientists in Edinburgh.
2006: At least six men stage Britain’s biggest ever robbery, stealing £53m from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
2009: Heath Ledger posthumously wins Academy Award, Best Supporting Actor, for his performance as the Joker in “The Dark Knight”.
2010: Johnny Marr is described as “ecstatic” after getting back one a 1964 Gibson SG guitar which had been stolen in 2000 after a gig at the Scala nightclub in Kings Cross, London.
2011: An earthquake measuring 6.3 in magnitude strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 181 people.
2016: Country singer-songwriter Sonny James dies in Nashville aged 87.
BIRTHDAYS: Dame Julie (Julia) Walters, actress, 71; Nigel Planer, actor, 68; Sparko (John Sparks), bassist (Dr Feelgood) 68; Kyle MachLachlan, actor, 62; Rachel Dratch, actress/writer/comedian, 55; Jeri Ryan (Zimmerman), actress, 53; Thomas Jane (Elliott), actor, 52; Scott Phillips, drummer, (Creed) 48; James Blunt (Blount) singer-songwriter, 47; Chris Moyles, broadcaster, 47; Drew Barrymore. Actress, 46; Iliza Shlesinger, comedian, 38.