1510: Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice.
1527: Ferdinand of Austria is crowned as king of Bohemia.
1582: Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar.
1607: Monteverdi’s opera “LOrfeo” premieres in Mantua, the oldest opera still regularly performed.
1711: Handel’s opera “Rinaldo” premieres at Haymarket theatre in London.
1786: Charles Cornwallis is appointed governor-general of India. On the same day, storyteller Wilhelm Grimm is born.
1804: Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground.
1826: The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War.
1848: King Louis-Philippe abdicates, second French republic declared.
1868: US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson.
1895: Cuban war for independence begins.
1918: Estonia declares independence from Russia. It is exactly two years before a peace treaty confirms it.
1924: Mahatma Gandhi is released from jail.
1932: Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 253.96 mph driving his Bluebird car at Daytona Beach, Florida.
1944: Minister of War Juan Peron leads a coup in Argentina.
1945: Egypt & Syria declare war on Germany. On the same day, Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament and Manilla is freed from Japanese occupation.
1946: Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina.
1950: Clement Attlee returns as prime minister as Labour wins the general election with a slim majority.
1955: Deep snow and freezing temperatures cause havoc across much of Britain.
1956: Singles chart:
- Memories Are Made Of This – Dean Martin
- Zambesi – Lou Busch
- It’s Almost Tomorrow – The Dreamweavers
- (Love Is) The Tender Trap – Frank Sinatra
- Sixteen Tons – Tennessee Ernie Ford
- Only You – The Hilltoppers
- Rock And Roll Waltz – Kay Starr
- Band Of Gold – Don Cherry
- The Ballad Of Davy Crockett – Bill Hayes
- Dreams Can Tell A Lie – Nat King Cole
1963: Album chart:
- Summer Holiday – Cliff Richard
- Girls Girls Girls – Elvis Presley
- I’ll Remember You – Frank Ifield
- West Side Story – Original Soundtrack
- Out Of The Shadows – The Shadows
- Sinatra Basie – Frank Sinatra and Count Basie
- South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
- Bobby Vee Meets The Crickets – Bobby Vee and The Crickets
- Rock N Roll No2 – Elvis Presley
- The Black And White Minstrel Show – The George Mitchell Singers
1966: A coup ousts President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.
1968: The South Vietnamese celebrate the recapture of the country’s third city, Hue after a battle lasting three weeks.
1969: Mariner 6 is launched to study the atmosphere of Mars.
1971: Algeria nationalises 51 percent of French oil concessions.
1979: War begins between north and south Yemen
1981: The engagement of Prince Charles is announced to Lady Diana Spencer.
1983: A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.
1988: Death of blues artist Memphis Slim (John Chatman) aged 72.
1989: A 150 million year old fossil egg is found in Utah with a fossilised dinosaur embryo inside, the oldest dinosaur egg found in the Northern Hemisphere. On the same day, Panama’s Roberto Duran wins his fourth world title in different weight divisions at age 37 when he beats Iran Barkley in a 12 round split decision in Atlantic City.
1990: Early 1950s crooner Johnnie Ray dies of liver failure.
1992: Nirvana’s Kurt Cobain marries Courtney Love in Waikiki, Hawaii.
1993: Former West Ham United and England captain Bobby Moore dies from cancer aged 51.
1998: Elton John is knighted by The Queen at Buckingham Palace.
1999: A report on the murder of black teenager Stephen Lawrence describes the Metropolitan Police as “institutionally racist”.
2004: Estelle Axton, who helped create the legendary US soul music label Stax, dies in Memphis, aged 85.
2006: Death of actor Dennis Weaver aged 81.
2008: Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba due to ill health after nearly fifty years. On the same day, Daniel Day Lewis wins his second best actor Oscar for his role in “There Will Be Blood” at the 80th Academy Awards.
2010: Natavia Lowery, the personal assistant to former Ramones manager Linda Stein was convicted in a New York court of bludgeoning her boss to death at her Manhattan apartment on October, 30 2007. On the same day, Sachin Tendulkar scores the first double century in One Day International cricket.
2013: Daniel Day Lewis wins the best actor Oscar for Lincoln at the 85th Academy Awards.
2014: Franny Beecher, lead guitarist for Bill Haley and his Comets died in his sleep from natural causes aged 92. On the same day, actor/director Harold Ramis dies aged 69.
2016: Cranberries singer Dolores O’Riordan is ordered to give 6,000 euros to charity after head-butting an Irish police officer at Shannon Airport in November 2014.
2019: Olivia Coleman wins the Oscar for best actress in The Favourite.
2020: Movie mogul Harvey Weinstein is found guilty of rape and a criminal sexual act in a landmark case that ignited #MeToo movement.
BIRTHDAYS: Denis Law, footballer, 81; Paul Jones (Pond), singer/harmonica player/broadcaster (Manfred Mann) 79; Edward James Olmos, actor, 74; Dennis Waterman, actor, 73; George Thorogood, singer/guitarist 71; Alain Prost, Formula 1 champion driver, 66; Michelle Shocked (Karen Johnston), singer-songwriter, 59; Kristin Davis, actress, 56; Billy Zane, actor, 55; Chris Fehn, percussionist (Slipknot) 48; Floyd Mayweather Jr, boxer, 44; Lleyton Hewitt, Australian tennis champion, 40; Daniel Kaluuya, actor, 32.