1510: Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice.
1527: Ferdinand of Austria is crowned as king of Bohemia.
1582: Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar.
1607: Monteverdi’s opera “LOrfeo” premieres in Mantua, the oldest opera still regularly performed.
1711: Handel’s opera “Rinaldo” premieres at Haymarket theatre in London.
1786: Charles Cornwallis is appointed governor-general of India. ON the same day, storyteller Wilhelm Grimm is born.
1804: Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground.
1826: The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War.
1848: King Louis-Philippe abdicates, second French republic declared.
1868: US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson.
1895: Cuban war for independence begins.
1918: Estonia declares independence from Russia. It is exactly two years before a peace treaty confirms it.
1924: Mahatma Gandhi is released from jail.
1932: Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 253.96 mph driving his Bluebird car at Daytona Beach, Florida.
1944: Minister of War Juan Peron leads a coup in Argentina.
1945: Egypt & Syria declare war on Germany. On the same day, Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament and Manilla is freed from Japanese occupation.
1946: Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina.
1950: Clement Attlee’s Labour wins the general election with a slim majority of 5 seats.
1966: A coup ousts President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.
1969: Mariner 6 is launched to study the atmosphere of Mars.
1979: War begins between north and south Yemen.
1981: Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.
1983: A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.
1988: Death of blues artist Memphis Slim (John Chatman) aged 72.
1989: A 150 million year old fossil egg is found in Utah with a fossilized dinosaur embryo inside, the oldest dinosaur egg found in the Northern Hemisphere. On the same day, Panama’s Roberto Duran wins his fourth world title in different weight divisions at age 37 when he beats Iran Barkley in a 12 round split decision in Atlantic City.
1990: Singer Johnny Ray died of liver failure.
1992: Nirvana guitarist/singer Kurt Cobain marries Courtney Love in Waikiki, Hawaii.
1993: Death of former England football captain Bobby Moore aged 51.
1998: Elton John is knighted by The Queen at Buckingham Palace.
2004: Estelle Axton, who helped create the legendary US soul music label Stax, died in Memphis aged 85.
2006: Death of actor Dennis Weaver aged 81.
2008: Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba due to ill health after nearly fifty years. On the same day, Daniel Day Lewis wins his second best actor Oscar for his role in “There Will Be Blood” at the 80th Academy Awards.
2010: Natavia Lowery, the personal assistant to former Ramones manager Linda Stein was convicted in a New York court of bludgeoning her boss to death at her Manhattan apartment on October 30, 2007. On the same day, Sachin Tendulkar scores the first double century in One Day International cricket.
2013: Daniel Day Lewis wins the best actor Oscar for Lincoln at the 85th Academy Awards.
2014: Franny Beecher, lead guitarist for Bill Haley & His Comets, died aged 92. On the same day, actor/director Harold Ramis dies aged 69.
2019: Olivia Coleman wins the Oscar for best actress in The Favourite.
BIRTHDAYS: Denis Law, former footballer, 80; Paul Jones, singer (Manfred Mann)/broadcaster, 78; Edward James Olmos, actor, 73; Dennis Waterman, actor, 72; George Thorogood, singer/guitarist 70; Alain Prost, former Formula 1 racing driver, 65; Michelle Shocked (Karen Johnston), singer/songwriter, 58; Billy Zane, actor, 54; Chris Fehn, percussionist (Slipknot) 47; Floyd Mayweather Jr, former boxer, 43; Leyton Hewitt, former tennis player, 39; Daniel Kaluuya, actor, 31.