138: Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.
1570: Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I for heresy and persecution of Catholics during her reign.
1723: Architect Christopher Wren dies aged 90.
1793: The first US cabinet meeting is held in George Washington’s home.
1830: Victor Hugo’s “Hernani” premieres in Paris.
1836: Samuel Colt patents first multi-shot revolving-cylinder revolver.
1841: Birth of French Impressionist artist Pierre August Renoir.
1907: George Bernard Shaw’s “Philanderer” premieres in London.
1910: The Dalai Lama flees Tibet for British India to escape Chinese troops.
1921: The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned King of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China.
1926: Francisco Franco becomes Spain’s youngest general at 33.
1932: Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship.
1939: The first Anderson bomb shelter in Britain is erected in an Islington garden.
1943: Birth of George Harrison in Liverpool.
1945: Turkey declares war on Germany.
1954: Abdul Nasser is appointed Egyptian premier.
1956: Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev denounces Joseph Stalin as a brutal despot.
1957: Buddy Holly records a new version of That’ll Be The Day, at Norman Petty’s recording studio in Clovis, New Mexico.
1960: John Cage’s “Music for Amplified Toy Pianos” premieres.
1964: Cassius Clay, 22, is crowned heavyweight boxing world champion for the first time after defeating Sonny Liston. On the same day, The Beatles finish recording their next single Can’t Buy Me Love, the B-side You Can’t Do That and I Should Have Known Better at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, St John’s Wood.
1966: Syrian military coup under General Hafiz al-Assad.
1967: An FA Amateur Cup fourth round match between Highgate Utd and Enfield ends in tragedy when a bolt of lightning hits the centre of the pitch knocking over several players including Highgate centre-half Tony Allden, who dies in hospital the following day from his injuries.
1972: British miners vote overwhelmingly in favour of a pay settlement after a seven-week strike that seriously affected power supplies. On the same day, the IRA attempts to assassinate Irish Minister of State for Home Affairs John Taylor who is shot a number of times.
1975: Death of Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad (Poole) aged 77.
1979: Singles chart:
- Tragedy – The Bee Gees
- Heart Of Glass – Blondie
- Oliver’s Army – Elvis Costello and the Attractions
- I Will Survive – Gloria Gaynor
- Chiquitita – ABBA
- Contact – Edwin Starr
- I Was Made For Dancing – Lief Garrett
- Lucky Number – Lene Lovich
- Woman In Love – The Three Degrees
- Get It – Darts
- Parallel Lines – Blondie
- Spirits Having Flown – The Bee Gees
- Armed Forces – Elvis Costello and the Attractions
- Action Replay – Various Artists
- Thank You Very Much: The Reunion Concert – Cliff Richard and The Shadows
- New Boots And Panties – Ian Dury
- Blondes Have More Fun – Rod Stewart
- Marty Robbins Collection – Marty Robbins
- C’est Chic – Chic
- The Best Of Earth Wind And Fire Vol 1 – Earth Wind And Fire
1982: The European Court of Human Rights rules corporal punishment in Britain’s schools is a violation of the Human Rights Convention.
1983: Death of playwright Tennessee Williams aged 71.
1986: Corazon Aquino becomes President of the Philippines as Ferdinand Marcos flees the country.
1989: Mike Tyson TKO’s Frank Bruno in Round 5 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1994: Jewish doctor Baruch Goldstein opens fire on Palestinians praying at a mosque in Hebron, killing up to 30 people. On the same day, boxing champion Jersey Joe Walcott dies aged 80.
1995: At a private party for 1,200 select guests on the closing night of the Frank Sinatra Desert Classic golf tournament, Sinatra sings before a live audience for the very last time.
1998: Bob Dylan wins three Grammys, including one for Best Album for Time Out Of Mind.
2001: Death of Australian cricket legend Don Bradman aged 92.
2006: George Michael is found slumped over in a car in Hyde Park.
2011: French fashion house Christian Dior suspends its chief designer John Galliano after he is arrested for an anti-semitic verbal attack in Paris.
2012: Syrian Army kills 100 civilians in artillery shelling of Homs and Hama.
2017: Death of actor Bill Paxton aged 61.
2018: China briefly bans the letter ‘N’ as part of widespread censorship efforts.
2019: Talk Talk singer-songwriter Mark Hollis dies aged 64.
BIRTHDAYS: Sally Jessy Raphael (Lowenthal) TV host, 86; Elkie Brooks, (Elaine Bookbinder), singer, 73; Stewart Wood, guitarist (Bay City Rollers) 64; Mike Peters, musician (The Alarm) 62; Lee Evans,comedian, 567; Téa Leoni (Elizabeth Pantaleoni) actress, 55; Daniel Powter, singer-songwriter, 50; Sean Astin, actor, 50; Chelsea Handler, comedian/TV host, 46; Rashida Jones, actress, 45; Jameela Jamil, TV presenter/actress 35; Conor Coady, footballer, 28.