138: Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.
1570: Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I for heresy and persecution of Catholics during her reign.
1723: Architect Christopher Wren dies aged 90.
1793: The first US cabinet meeting is held in George Washington’s home.
1830: Victor Hugo’s “Hernani” premieres in Paris.
1836: Samuel Colt patents first multi-shot revolving-cylinder revolver.
1841: Birth of French Impressionist artist Pierre August Renoir.
1907: George Bernard Shaw’s “Philanderer” premieres in London.
1910: The Dalai Lama flees Tibet for British India to escape Chinese troops.
1921: The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned King of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China.
1926: Francisco Franco becomes Spain’s youngest general at 33.
1932: Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship.
1939: The first Anderson bomb shelter in Britain is erected in an Islington garden.
1945: Turkey declares war on Germany.
1954: Abdul Nasser is appointed Egyptian premier.
1960: John Cage’s “Music for Amplified Toy Pianos” premieres.
1964: Cassius Clay defeats Sonny Liston by a TKO in Round 7 for his first world heavyweight championship title.
1966: Syrian military coup under General Hafiz al-Assad.
1972: Attempted assassination of Irish Minister of State for Home Affairs John Taylor who is shot a number of times by the IRA.
1975: Death of Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad (Poole) aged 77.
1983: Death of playwright Tennessee Williams aged 71.
1986: Corazon Aquino becomes President of the Philippines as Marcos flees the country.
1989: Mike Tyson TKO’s Frank Bruno in Round 5 for heavyweight boxing title.
1994: Death of boxer Jersey Joe Walcott aged 80.
1995: At a private party for 1,200 select guests on the closing night of the Frank Sinatra Desert Classic golf tournament, Sinatra sang before a live audience for the very last time.
2001: Death of Australian cricket legend Don Bradman aged 92.
2011: French fashion house Christian Dior suspends its chief designer John Galliano after he is arrested for an anti-semitic verbal attack in Paris.
2012: Syrian Army kills 100 civilians in artillery shelling of Homs and Hama.
2017: Death of actor Bill Paxton aged 61.
2018: China briefly bans the letter ‘N’ as part of widespread censorship efforts.
2019: Musician and singer-songwriter Mark Hollis of Talk Talk died age 64.
BIRTHDAYS: Sally Jessy Raphael (Lowenthal), talk show host, 85; Don Randi, session musician, 83; Tom Courtenay, actor, 83; Baron David Puttnam, film producer, 79; Elkie Brooks (Elaine Bookbinder) singer, 72; Neil Jordan, director, 70; Stewart Wood, guitarist (Bay City Rollers) 63; Mike Peters, musician (The Alarm) 61; Lee Evans, comedian, 56; Tea Leoni (Elizabeth Pantaleoni) actress, 54; Sean Astin, actress, 49; Chelsea Handler, comedian/talk show host, 45; Rashida Jones, actress, 44; Jameela Jamil, TV presenter/actress 34.