1564: Brith of dramatist Christopher Marlowe in Canterbury.
1606: First known European landing in Australia by Dutch navigator Willem Jansz.
1616: The Roman Inquisition delivers an injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun.
1797: The Bank of England issues first £1 note.
1802: Birth of French author Victor Hugo.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France.
1839: The first Grand National steeplechase at Aintree Racecourse won by 5/1favourite Lottery.
1863: Abraham Lincoln signs National Currency Act, establishing a single national US currency.
1869: Franz Schubert’s Symphony number 4, “The Tragic”, premieres.
1885: The Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain.
1891: Henrik Ibsen’s “Hedda Gabler” premieres in Oslo.
1912: Miners go on strike in Britain.
1916: Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract.
1917: The first jazz records are recorded – “Dixie Jazz Band One Step” and “Livery Stable Blues” by Original Dixieland Jass (sic) Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company. On the same day, the Russian Army mutinies when Tsar Nicholas II orders them to quell civil unrest in Petrograd.
1918: Stands at the Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse and burn, killing 604 people.
1924: Adolf Hitler goes on trial for treason after the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich.
1933: The Golden Gate Bridge groundbreaking ceremony is held at Crissy Field, San Francisco.
1935: The German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering. On the same day, RADAR is first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt.
1950: Leonard Bernstein’s “Age of Anxiety” premieres in New York.
1952: Winston Churchill announces that Britain has its own atomic bomb.
1956: Poets Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath meet at a party in Cambridge.
1962: The US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transport.
1971: Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are shot and killed by the IRA while on a mobile patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.
1980: Egypt and Israel exchange ambassadors for the first time.
1991: Coalition planes bomb Iraqi forces retreating from Kuwait during the Gulf War, killing hundreds and creating the so-called ‘Highway of Death’.
1993: A truck bomb explodes in the parking garage of the orld Trade Center in New York, killing 6 and injuring over 1,000 in what was the deadliest act of terrorism perpetrated on US soil at the time.
1995: London finance house Barings collapses after huge losses in Singapore by rogue trader Nick Leeson.
1997: Songwriter Ben Raleigh died in a fire in his kitchen after setting fire to his bathrobe while cooking. He co-wrote ‘Scooby Doo Where Are You’ and ‘Tell Laura I Love Her.’
2004: The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya after 23 years.
2009: Death of actress Wendy Richard. On the same day, supermodel Gisele Bundchen married New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady.
2019: India launches air strikes on alleged terrorist camps in Pakistan. On the same day, Vatican treasurer Cardinal George Pell is convicted of child sexual abuse in Melbourne, Australia.
BIRTHDAYS: Bill Duke, actor/director, 77; Sandie Shaw (Sandra Goodrich) singer, 73; Michael Bolton (Bolotin), singer, 67; Greg Germann, actor, 62; Jaz Coleman, musician/composer (Killing Joke), 60; Tim Commerford, bassist (Rage Against The Machine), 52; Erykah Badu (Erica Wright), singer, 49; Max Martin, producer/songwriter, 49; Ole Gunnar Solskjær, Manchester United manager, 47; Corinne Bailey Rae, singer, 41.