1504: Christopher Columbus uses a lunar eclipse to frighten hostile Jamaican Indians.
1692: First people accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.
1784: The Marquis de Sade is transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille.
1832: Charles Darwin walks through the tropical forests of Bahia in Brazil, describing the experience as being in “transports of pleasure”.
1880: Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy is completed.
1940: Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African American woman to win an Oscar for “Gone with the Wind”.
1944: Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow, Poland.
1960: The first Playboy Club opens in Chicago. On the same day, an earthquake in Agadir, Morocco, kills a third of the population (12,000-15,000).
1980: The glasses that Buddy Holly had been wearing when he died were discovered in a police file in Mason, Iowa after 21 yeats.
1984: Pierre Trudeau announces he is stepping down after 15 years as Canadian Prime Minister.
1988: A Nazi document implicates President of Austria and former Secretary-general of the UN Kurt Waldheim in WW II deportations.
1996: Status Quo sued Radio 1 or £250,000 ($425,000) on the grounds that the BBC station was breaking the law by not including their new record on their playlist. On the same day, Serb forces withdraw from Sarajevo after 1,425 days, the longest siege of a capital city in the history of modern warfare.
2000: Sir Elton John stormed out of the opening of his new Broadway musical, ‘Aida’, after 15 minutes, complaining that his songs had been ruined.
2004: Jean-Bertrand Aristide resigns as President of Haiti following a rebel uprising.
2012: Davy Jones of The Monkees died aged 66 at his home in Florida after suffering a massive heart attack.
BIRTHDAYS: Emma Barton, actress, 44.