1316: Birth of King Robert II of Scotland, first monarch of the House of Stewart.
1629: Charles I dissolves parliament.
1776: Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston.
1796: Napoleon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Army in Italy.
1807: Congress bans the slave trade within the US, effective January 1, 1808. On the same day, William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland becomes Prime Minister for the second time after the fall of William Grenville’s Whig government.
1836: The Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico.
1855: Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia.
1867: Jesse James’ gang robs a bank in Savannah Missouri.
1877: US Electoral Commission declares republican Rutherford B Hayes winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against democrat Samuel J. Tilden.
1882: Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her as she boards a train in Windsor.
1896: The best 9-wicket haul in cricket history; George Lohmann takes 9-28 as England beat South Africa by an innings and 197 runs in the Second Test at Johannesburg.
1900: Birth of composer Kurt Weill in Germany.
1930: Death of author D H Lawrence from tuberculosis aged 44.
1933: King Kong, starring Fay Wray premieres in New York.
1938: Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths in Los Angeles.
1939: Death of archaeologist Howard Carter.
1946: Ho Chi Minh is elected President of North Vietnam.
1960: After completing his national service and flying back to America, Elvis Presey stepped on British soil for the first and only time when the plane carrying him stopped for refuelling at Prestwick Airport, Scotland.
1964: The Beatles began filming A Hard Day’s Night at Marylebone train station. George Harrison meets Patti Boyd, who appears as a schoolgirl in the card playing scene on the train featuring the song ‘I Should Have Known Better’.
1965: The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer is released.
1967: Frank Sinatra wins the Grammy for best song – ‘Strangers In The Night’.
1970: Rhodesia declares itself a republic.
1972: NASA launches its Pioneer 10 space probe to Jupiter.
1974: Grand Jury concludes that US President Richard Nixon is involved in the Watergate cover up.
1977: Bette Davis becomes the first woman to receive the American Film Institute’s Life Achievement Award.
1982: Terror group “The Illuminated Path” frees 260 prisoners in Peru.
1983: Introduction of compact discs.
1991: French singer/composer Serge Gainsbourg died of a heart attack. On the same day, the UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq and despite the ceasefire, the US Army controversially destroys a retreating Iraqi Republican Guard column at Rumaila Oil Field.
1995: Rogue trader Nick Leeson is arrested for the collapse of Barings Bank.
1998: Data sent from the Galileo probe indicates that Jupiter’s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
1999: Dusty Springfield (Mary O’Brien) died after a long battle with cancer, aged 59.
2002: US conventional forces are deployed in Afghanistan as part of Operation Anaconda.
2003: Singer, songwriter Hank Ballard died from throat cancer.
2004: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
2007: Singer Kelis was arrested in Miami Beach, Florida, after the singer started screaming racial obscenities at two female police officers who were working on an undercover operation as prostitutes.
2008: Blind Canadian guitarist, singer, Jeff Healey, died of cancer.
2012: The Red Cross is denied access to provide relief to the Baba Amr district in Homs by the Syrian army.On the same day, Baron St John of Fawsle, former MP Norman St John Stevas, dies aged 87.
2014: Vladimir Putin receives unanimous approval from Russia’s parliament to send troops to the Ukraine.
2017: US Attorney General Jeff Sessions recuses himself from the investigation into Trump campaign contacts with Russia after revelations he met the Russian ambassador.
BIRTHDAYS: Mikhail Gorbachev, former Soviet leader, 89; Harry Redknapp, football manager, 73; Larry Carlton, guitarist, 72; Gates McFadden, actress, 71; J.P.R. Williams, Welsh rugby legend, 71; Jay Osmond, drummer/singer, 65; Ian Woosnam, golfer, 62; Jon Bon Jovi (Bonjiovi), singer, 58; Daniel Craig, actor, 52; Alexander Armostrong, comedian/TV presenter, 50; Trevor Sinclair, former footballer, 47; Chris Martin, singer/musician (Coldplay) 43; Rebel Wilson, actress, 40; Bryce Dallas Howard, actress, 39; Elizabeth Jagger, model, 36; Luke Prichard, singer/guitarist (The Kooks), 35; James Arthur, singer/songwriter, 32.