1318: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1748: The ruins of Pompeii are rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre.
1873: Birth of composer Sergei Rachmaninoff in Novgorod, Russia.
1891: Painter Paul Gaughin leaves Marseille for Tahiti.
1929: Luis Buñuel releases is experimental 24-minute film “Un Chien Andalou”.
1933: Nazi Germany begins the persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses. On the same day, Scotland beats Ireland, 8-6 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown.
1937: Aden becomes a British crown colony.
1938: World heavyweight champion Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in the fifth round of their title bout in Chicago.
1945: US ground forces invade Okinawa in the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific theatre during the Second World War.
1957: The BBC receives a mixed reaction to a spoof April Fools documentary about spaghetti crops in Switzerland.
1961: The Beatles begin a three-month residency at The Top Ten Club, Hamburg, playing 92 straight nights.
1964: John Lennon reunites with his father Freddie after 17 years.
1966: The Troggs record the Chip Taylor song Wild Thing in one complete second take at Regent Sound Studio in London. On the same day, John Lennon buys The Tibetan Book Of The Dead, where he reads near the beginning of the book’s introduction; “When in doubt, relax, turn off your mind, float downstream,” which he immediately uses as inspiration for a new song Tomorrow Never Knows.
1970: The orchestral scores are recorded for The Beatles songs “The Long And Winding Road and Across The Universe for the Phil Spector produced Let It Be album, much to Paul McCartney’s outrage as he had not been consulted and did not want orchestration on his song.
1974: Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran.
1976: AC/DC make their live debut in the UK playing at The Red Cow in Hammersmith. On the same day, The Buzzcocks make their live debut at Bolton Institute Of Technology. The power is turned off after three numbers. Also, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs’ parents house in California.
1979: Iran is proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of the Shah.
1983: Tens of thousands of peace demonstrators form a human chain stretching 14 miles across Berks from the Greenham Common military base.
1984: Soul legend Marvin Gaye is shot dead by his father at his parent’s home in Los Angeles.
1990: Up to 1,000 prisoners run amok at Strangeways Prison in Manchester.
1991: Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after five years.
2000: The Enigma machine, used by the Germans to encrypt messages in the Second World War, is stolen from Bletchley Park.
2001: Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is arrested.
2002: The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
2004: Paul Atkinson guitarist with The Zombies and later an A&R executive, working for Columbia and RCA, discovering and signing ABBA, Bruce Hornsby, Mr. Mister and Judas Priest, dies aged 58.
2007: Singles chart:
- (I’m Gonna Be) 500 Miles – The Proclaimers/Brian Potter/Andy Pipkin
- Girlfriend – Avril Lavigne
- The Sweet Escape – Gwen Stefani ft Akon
- Destination Calabria – Alex Gaudino ft Crystal Waters
- How To Save A Life – The Fray
- Glamorous – Fergie ft Ludacris
- Ruby – Kaiser Chiefs
- Shine – Take That
- What Goes Around Comes Around – Justin Timberlake
- Grace Kelly – Mika
- Beautiful World – Take That
- Rocket Man: The Definitive Hits – Elton John
- Everytime We Touch – Cascada
- Yours Truly Angry Mob – Kaiser Chiefs
- Loose – Nelly Furtado
- Futuresex/Lovesounds – Justin Timberlake
- Back To Black – Amy Winehouse
- The Very Best Of – Dolly Parton
- How To Save A Life – The Fray
- Life In Cartoon Motion – Mika
2015: John Lennon’s first wife Cynthia dies at her home in Spain following a short battle with cancer.
2017: Bob Dylan finally accepts the 2016 Nobel Prize for literature at a ceremony in Stockholm.
2020: Singer-songwriter Adam Schlesinger of the band Fountains Of Wayne, dies at the age of 52 as a result of health complications caused by COVID-19.
BIRTHDAYS: Rudolph Isley, singer-songwriter (The Isley Brothers) 82; Ali (Elizabeth) MacGraw, actress, 82; Annie Nightingale, broadcaster, 81; Jimmy Cliff (Chambers), singer-songwriter, 73; Billy Currie, keyboards/violinist (Ultravox) 69; Annette O’Toole, actress, 69; David Gower, former cricketer, 64; Susan Boyle, singer, 60; Philip Schofield, TV presenter, 59; Chris Evans, broadcaster, 55; Method Man (Clifford Smith) rapper (Wu Tang Clan) 50; Hannah Spearitt, singer (S Club 7) 40; Beth Tweddle, former gymnast, 36; Ella Eyre, singer-songwriter, 27; Asa Butterfield, actor, 24.