It happened today – this day in history – April 1

1318: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.

1724: Henry Pelham is appointed English minister of War.

1748: The ruins of Pompeii are rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre.

1826: Samuel Morey is issued the first U.S. patent for an internal-combustion engine, which he calls a “Gas or Vapour Engine”

1854: “Hard Times” begins serialisation in Charles Dickens’s magazine “Household Words”.

1865: During the American Civil War, Union forces defeat Confederates and capture important railway supply line at the Battle of 5 Forks, Virginia.

1873: Birth of composer Sergei Rachmaninoff in Novgorod, Russia.

1891: Painter Paul Gaughin leaves Marseille for Tahiti.

1929: Luis Buñuel releases is experimental 24-minute film “Un Chien Andalou”.

1933: Nazi Germany begins the persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses. On the same day, Scotland beats Ireland, 8-6 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown.

1937: Aden becomes a British crown colony.

1938: World heavyweight champion Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in the fifth round of their title bout in Chicago.

1945: US ground forces invade Okinawa in the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific theatre during the Second World War.

1957: The BBC receives a mixed reaction to a Panorama April Fools documentary about spaghetti crops in Switzerland.

1961: The Beatles begin a three-month residency at The Top Ten Club, Hamburg, playing 92 straight nights.

1964: John Lennon reunites with his father Freddie after 17 years. It doesn’t go well.

1966: The Troggs record the Chip Taylor song Wild Thing in one complete second take at Regent Sound Studio in London. On the same day, John Lennon buys The Tibetan Book Of The Dead, where he reads near the beginning of the book’s introduction; “When in doubt, relax, turn off your mind, float downstream,” which he immediately uses as inspiration for a new song Tomorrow Never Knows.

1970: The orchestral scores are recorded by Phil Spector for The Beatles songs The Long And Winding Road and Across The Universe for the Let It Be album, much to Paul McCartney’s outrage as he had not been consulted and did not want orchestration on his song.


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1973: Singles chart:

  1. Get Down – Gilbert O’Sullivan
  2. The Twelfth Of Never – Donny Osmond
  3. Tie A Yellow Ribbon Round The Old Oak Tree – Dawn ft Tony Orlando
  4. Power To All Our Friends – Cliff Richard
  5. I’m A Clown – David Cassidy
  6. Tweedle Dee – Little Jimmy Osmond
  7. Cum On Feel The Noize – Slade
  8. Never Never Never – Shirley Bassey
  9. Love Train – The O’Jays
  10. Killing Me Softly With His Song – Roberta Flack
1973: Roxy Music – For Your Pleasure

Album chart:

  1. 20 Flash Back Greats Of The Sixties – Various Artists
  2. 40 Fantastic Hits From The 50s And 60 – Various Artists
  3. Billion Dollar Babies – Alice Cooper
  4. Tanx – T Rex
  5. The Dark Side Of The Moon – Pink Floyd
  6. Don’t Shoot Me I’m Only The Piano Player – Elton John
  7. For Your Pleasure – Roxy Music
  8. Rock Me Baby – David Cassidy
  9. Greatest Hitss – Simon and Garfunkel
  10. Back To Front – Gilbert O’Sullivan

1974: Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran.

1976: AC/DC make their live debut in the UK playing at The Red Cow in Hammersmith. On the same day, The Buzzcocks make their live debut at Bolton Institute Of Technology. The power is turned off after three numbers. Also, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs’ parents’ house in California.

1979: Iran is proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of the Shah.

1980: On TV (Tuesday)


THAMES

09.30Untamed Frontier

09.55Rocket Robin Hood

10.15Heritage

11.05The Mackenzie Affair

11.55The Bubblies

12.00Paperplay

12.10Pipkins

12.30The Sullivans

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30Take the High Road

14.00After Noon Plus

14.45Wilde Alliance

15.45Look Who’s Talking

16.15Pop Gospel

16.45Magpie
Introduced by Jenny Hanley Mick Robertson and Tommy Boyd


17.15Emmerdale Farm

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames News

18.25Help!

18.35Crossroads

19.00Charlie’s Angels

20.00Armchair Thriller

20.30George and Mildred
Comedy series starring Yootha Joyce and Brian Murphy


21.00Hollywood

22.00News at Ten

22.30World Championship Boxing The W.B.C.
Welterweight Championship Sugar Ray Leonard (U.S.Holder) v. Dave “Boy” Green (G.B. Challenger)


23.30Thames Debate


BBC ONE

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

09.55Ludwig

10.00Jackanory

10.15Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle

10.35Hang on Doggy

11.00Closedown

12.45Midday News and Weather

13.00Pebble Mill at One

13.45Flumps

14.00Closedown

15.20Dechrau Siarad Learning Welsh

15.53Regional News (exc London)

15.55Play School

16.20Lassie

16.40April Fool
Where does spaghetti grow? Who was Horace de Vere Cole? Where can you buy pigeon’s milk? What type of animal is a gruck?


17.10John Craven’s Newsround

17.15April Fool Part 2

17.40Evening News and weather

17.55Nationwide
presented by Frank Bough and Sue Lawley


18.55Daffy Duck

19.05One More Time!

19.35Life on Earth
presented by Frank Bough and Sue Lawley


20.30Time of My Life

21.00Nine O’Clock News and Weather

21.25Rebecca
Serialised dramatisation of the novel by by Daphne du Maurier


22.20Windhover
with Ronald Pickup as priest poet Gerard Manley Hopkins


23.10Platform One
Bernard Donoughue, senior policy adviser to Labour prime ministers Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, talks to Robert McKenzie


23.40News Headlines Weather/Regional News


BBC TWO

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

16.50Open University

18.55The Great Egg Race
Introduced by Johnny Ball and Hilary Henson


19.25Mid-Evening News

19.35Outside a City Wall

19.45The Past at Work

20.10MacLeod’s America

20.30Writers and Places

21.00A Question of Guilt

21.30Yesterday’s Witness in America

22.20Top Gear
Introduced by Noel Edmonds


22.45Newsnight

23.30The Old Grey Whistle Test
Highlights from Rory Gallagher’s concert at last year’s Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland.

1983: Tens of thousands of peace demonstrators form a human chain stretching 14 miles across Berks from the Greenham Common military base.

1984: Soul legend Marvin Gaye is shot dead by his father at his parents’ home in Los Angeles.

1990: Up to 1,000 prisoners run amok at Strangeways Prison in Manchester.

1991: Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after five years.

2000: The Enigma machine, used by the Germans to encrypt messages in the Second World War, is stolen from Bletchley Park.

2001: Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is arrested.

2002: The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.

2004: Paul Atkinson guitarist with The Zombies and later an A&R executive, working for Columbia and RCA, discovering and signing ABBA, Bruce Hornsby, Mr. Mister and Judas Priest, dies aged 58.

2015: John Lennon’s first wife Cynthia dies at her home in Spain following a short battle with cancer.

2017: Bob Dylan finally accepts the 2016 Nobel Prize for literature at a ceremony in Stockholm.

2020: Singer-songwriter Adam Schlesinger of the band Fountains Of Wayne, dies at the age of 52 as a result of health complications caused by COVID-19.

Chris Evans

BIRTHDAYS: Rudolph Isley, singer-songwriter (The Isley Brothers) 84; Ali (Elizabeth) MacGraw, actress, 84; Annie Nightingale, broadcaster, 83; Jimmy Cliff (Chambers), singer-songwriter, 75; Billy Currie, keyboards/violinist (Ultravox) 71; Annette O’Toole, actress, 71; David Gower, cricketer, 66; Susan Boyle, singer, 62; Chris Grayling, MP, 61; Philip Schofield, TV presenter, 61; Chris Evans, broadcaster, 57; Dean Windass, footballer, 54; Method Man (Clifford Smith) rapper (Wu Tang Clan) 52; Clarence Seedorf – Dutch footballer, 47; Hannah Spearitt, singer (S Club 7) 42; Beth Tweddle, former gymnast, 38; Ella Eyre, singer-songwriter, 29; Asa Butterfield, actor, 26.