1516: The first Jewish ghetto is established when Venice compels Jews to live in a certain area.
1607: The British colonial expedition that would found Jamestown departs Puerto Rico for the American mainland.
1741:Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
1815: Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies experiences a cataclysmic eruption, one of the most powerful in history, killing around 71,000 people.
1849: The safety pin is patented by Walter Hunt, who sells the rights for $400.
1864: Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico.
1877: The first human cannonball act is performed in London.
1912: The RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage.
1919: Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
1925: Tsaritsyn is re-named Stalingrad. On the same day, The Great Gatsby by F Scott Fitzgerald is published.
1931: Death of poet and painter Khalil Gibran.
1932: Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in a run-off election against Adolf Hitler.
1941: Croatia established as a fascist German puppet state.
1944: Soviet forces liberate Odessa from the Nazis.
1953: Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the second Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1959: Singles chart:
- Side Saddle – Russ Conway
- Smoke Gets In Your Eyes – The Platters
- It Doesn’t Matter Anymore – Buddy Holly
- My Happiness – Connie Francis
- Petite Fleur – Chris Barber’s Jazz Band
- As I Love You – Shirley Bassey
- Stagger Lee – Lloyd Price
- Gigi – Billy Eckstine
- A Pub With no Beer – Slim Dusry
- Donna – Marty Wilde
1960: Arnold Palmer wins the US Masters in Augusta.
1961: Gary Player beats Arnold Palmer to become the first international golfer to win the US Masters
1962: Artist Stuart Sutcliffe, original bass player with The Beatles, dies of a brain haemorrhage in Hamburg, West Germany, age 22 as the band are on their way from Liverpool to visit him and girlfriend Astrid Kircher.
1966: Album chart:
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Rubber Soul – The Beatles
- Take It Easy – The Walker Brothers
- Bye Bye Blues – Bert Kaempfert
- Mary Poppins – Original Soundtrack
- Going Places – Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
- Otis Blue – Otis Redding
- Beach Boys Party – The Beach Boys
- The 2nd LP – Spencer Davis Group
- My Name Is Barbra II – Barbra Streisand
1967: Marvin Gaye records his version of I Heard It Through The Grapevine at Motown Studios, Detroit. On the same day, Elizabeth Taylor wins the best actress Oscar for “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”
1968: Fifty-one people die when a ferry capsizes in Wellington harbour, New Zealand, during one of the worst storms ever to hit the country. On the same day, Rod Steiger wins the best actor Oscar for “In The Heat Of The Night.”, which also wins best picture.
1970: Jim Morrison is dragged off stage by keyboardist Ray Manzarek during a Doors concert in Boston, after Morrison asks the audience: “Would you like to see my genitals?” On the same day, Paul McCartney issues a press statement, announcing that The Beatles have split up.
1972: More than 5,000 people die in a massive earthquake in southern Iran. On the same day, The French Connection wins the Oscar for best picture. Gene Hackman takes the best actor award for his role as “Popeye” Doyle.
1974: Ytizhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli PM Golda Meir. On the same day, magician Penn and Teller first meet.
TV on this day (Wednesday)
|09.30||Craftsmen in The Church|
|10.50 – 11.05||Adventure in Words|
|12.25||The Adventures of Rupert Bear|
|15.55||Quick on the Draw|
|16.20||The Sooty Show|
|16.50||The Kids from 47a; Kids from the Country|
|19.00||This is Your Life |
Eamon Andrews presents the big red book to actress Beryl Grey.
|20.00||Bless This House |
Sit com starring Sid James.
|21.00||The World at War|
|22.00||News at Ten|
|23.05 – 23.30||Wildlife Theatre|
|23.25||The Name of the Game|
|10.00||Adventures of Tin Tin|
|10.05||The Double Deckers|
|10.40||In the Beginning|
|11.00||Out of School|
|12.30||Nai Zindagi Naya Jeevan|
|13.00||Pebble Mill at One|
|14.45||The Afternoon Programme|
|17.15||Roy Castle Beats Time|
|19.40||The Prince of Denmark |
Comedy starring Ronnie Corbett
|20.10||The Lotus Eaters |
Drama series starring Ian Hendry and Benedict Cumberbatch’s mum Wanda Ventham
|21.00||Nine O’Clock News|
|21.25||The Family |
The ups and downs of a real-life family captured week by week in this 12-part documentary serial. The first reality TV.
Tony Gubba introduces international swimming and the World Ice Hockey Championships.
|23.30||Late Night News|
|23.35||The Edge of Life|
|20.10||Man Alive |
Finbarr Nolan is the seventh son of a seventh son. All his life people have believed he has miraculous powers of healing. Their belief has lifted him from a rain-sodden Irish village into a world of Jaguars and Jensens.
|21.00||Shoulder to Shoulder |
Georgia Brown stars in Annie Kenney by Alan Plater
|22.15||Film Night |
Tony Bilbow reviews Gregory Peck ‘s new picture Billy Two Hats.
|22.45||The Old Grey Whistle Test |
Bob Harris introduces The Strawbs in the studio,
1977: Tom Watson wins the US Masters for the first time.
1981: Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands is elected to Westminster as the MP for Fermanagh and South Tyrone.
1983: King Hussein of Jordan ceases negotiations with the PLO.
1984: Nate Nelson, lead vocalist for The Flamingos dies of heart disease on his 52nd birthday.
1988: Sandy Lyle wins the US Masters.
1990: Tom Waits takes Doritos Chips to court for using a Waits sound-alike on radio ads. The jury awards him $2.475 million in punitive damages. On the same day, West Indies bowler Curtly Ambrose takes 8-45 vs England at Bridgetown.
1992: Comedian Sam Kinison dies in a car crash aged 38.
1994: Jose Maria Olazabal wins his first of two US Masters.
1998: The Good Friday Agreement is reached in Northern Ireland after two years of talks and 30 years of conflict.
2000: The manager of an Aldi supermarket in County Durham who was sacked for being HIV positive receives around £300,000 compensation in an out of court settlement with the company shortly before an employment tribunal is due to begin.
2003: Singer Little Eva (Boyd) dies in North Carolina, aged 59.
2005: Tiger Woods wins his fourth US Masters. On the same day, at 16 years, 271 days James Vaughan scores for Everton in a 4-0 win against Crystal Palace at Goodison Park to become the youngest goalscorer in Premier League history.
2007: The former home of Johnny Cash and his wife June Carter in Tennessee burns to the ground.
2013: Kate Bush received the CBE from the Queen for services to music.
2019: New species of human announced named Homo luzonensis, 3ft tall, remains dated 50-60,000 years old found in cave on island of Luzon, Philippines. On the same day, New York declares a public health emergency and compulsory vaccinations after a measles outbreak in Brooklyn.
BIRTHDAYS: Gloria Hunniford, broadcaster, 81; Burke Shelley, bassist/vocalist (Budgie) 74; Steven Seagal, actor, 69; Lenny Pickett, saxophonist (Tower of Power) 67; Lesley Garrett, soprano, 66; Brian Setzer, guitarist/singer-songwriter, 62; Katrina Leskanich, guitarist/vocalist, (Katrina and the Waves) 62; Reni (Alan Wren) drummer (Stone Roses) 57; Roberto Carlos, footballer, 48; David Harbour, actor, 46; Sophie Ellis Bextor, singer, 42; Charlie Hunnam, actor, 41; Liz McClarnon, singer, (Atomic Kitten) 40; Chyler Leigh, actress, 39; Mandy Moore, actress/singer, 37; Vincent Kompany, football manager, 35; Hayley Westenra, singer, 34; Haley Joel Osment, actor, 33; Sadio Mane, footballer, 31; Alex Pettyfer, actor, 31; Daisy Ridley, actress, 29.