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1516: The first Jewish ghetto is established when Venice compels Jews to live in a certain area.
1607: The British colonial expedition that would found Jamestown departs Puerto Rico for the American mainland.
1741:Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
1815: Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies experiences a cataclysmic eruption, one of the most powerful in history, killing around 71,000 people.
1849: The safety pin is patented by Walter Hunt, who sells the rights for $400.
1864: Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico.
1877: The first human cannonball act is performed in London.
1912: The RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage.
1919: Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
1925: Tsaritsyn is re-named Stalingrad. On the same day, The Great Gatsby by F Scott Fitzgerald is published.
1931: Death of poet and painter Khalil Gibran.
1932: Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in a runoff election against Adolf Hitler.
1941: Croatia established as a fascist German puppet state.
1944: Soviet forces liberate Odessa from the Nazis.
1953: Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the second Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1960: Arnold Palmer wins the US Masters in Augusta.
1961: Gary Player beats Arnold Palmer to become the first international golfer to win the US Masters
1962: The Beatles’ former bass player Stuart Sutcliffe died of a brain haemorrhage aged 22.
1967: Elizabeth Taylor wins the best actress Oscar for “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”
1968: Rod Steiger wins the best actor Oscar for “In The Heat Of The Night.”, which also wins best picture.
1970: Paul McCartney issued a press statement, announcing that The Beatles had split up.
1972: The French Connection wins the Oscar for best picture. Gene Hackman takes the best actor award for his role as “Popeye “Doyle.
1974: Ytizhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli PM Golda Meir. On the same day, magician Penn and Teller first meet.
1977: Tom Watson wins the US Masters for the first time.
1981: Provisional IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands is elected to Parliament for Fermanagh and South Tyrone.
1983: King Hussein of Jordan ceases negotiations with the PLO.
1988: Sandy Lyle wins the US Masters.
1990: West Indies bowler Curtly Ambrose takes 8-45 vs England at Bridgetown.
1992: Comedian Sam Kinison dies in a car crash aged 38.
1994: Jose Maria Olazabal wins his first of two US Masters.
1998: The Good Friday Agreement for Northern Ireland is signed by the British and Irish governments.
2003: Singer Little Eva died in North Carolina, aged 59. While working as a babysitter for Carole King and Gerry Goffin’s children, the songwriters wrote the hit song, The Locomotion for her..
2005: Tiger Woods wins his fourth US Masters. On the same day, at 16 years, 271 days James Vaughan scores for Everton in a 4-0 win against Crystal Palace at Goodison Park to become the youngest goalscorer in Premier League history.
2013: Kate Bush received the CBE for services to music from The Queen.
2019: New species of human announced named Homo luzonensis, 3ft tall, remains dated 50-60,000 years old found in cave on island of Luzon, Philippines.
BIRTHDAYS: Gloria Hunniford, broadcaster, 80; Ian Callaghan, Liverpool FC legend, 78; Burke Shelley, musician (Budgie) 73; Bunny Wailer (Neville O’Riley Livingston) reggae artist, 73; Steven Seagal, actor, 69; Lenny Pickett, saxophonist (Tower of Power) 66; Lesley Garrett, soprano, 65; Brian Setzer, guitarist.singer (The Stray Cats) 61; Reni (Alan Wren), drummer (The Stone Roses) 56; Sophie Ellis Bextor, singer, 41; Charlie Hunnam, actor, 40; Liz McClarnon, singer (Atomic Kitten) 39; Chyler Leigh, actress, 38; Mandy Moore, singer, 36; Vincent Kompany, Belgian footballer, 34; Hayley Westenra, singer, 33; Haley Joel Osment, actor, 32; Alex Pettyfer, actor, 30; Daisey Ridley, actress, 28.