1471: In the Wars of the Roses King Edward IV of England seizes London from Henry VI.
1814: Napoleon abdicates unconditionally and is exiled to Elba.
1868: The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
1914: Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US.
1933: Hermann Goering becomes Premier of Prussia.
1941: German bombers blitz Coventry.
1945: Four soldiers in the Sixth Armored Division of the US Third Army liberate the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald.
1950: Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco.
1951: US President Harry Truman appoints General Ridgway as supreme commander of the UN forces in Korea after shocking the American public by dismissing General Douglas Macarthur.
1955: Failed assassination attempt on Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou Enlai when a plane he is on is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea.
1956: Travelling from Amarillo to Nashville, the plane that Elvis Presley is flying on develops engine trouble and is forced to make an emergency landing. For the rest of his life he has a fear of flying.
1957: The island of Singapore is granted self-government from Britain to come into effect next year. On the same day, poet Pablo Neruda is arrested in Buenos Aires.
1959: Billy Wright of Wolves becomes the first player in the world to make 100 internationals appearance in England’s 1-0 victory over Scotland at Wembley.
1961: The trial begins in Israel of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann. On the same day, Bob Dylan makes his first live appearance in New York’s Greenwich Village as support to John Lee Hooker.
1964: The Beatles set a new US chart record with 14 songs on the Billboard Hot 100.
1965: Jack Nicklaus wins the second of his six US Masters titles with a tournament record 271 (−17).
1966: Jack Nicklaus becomes first back-to-back US Masters champion.
1970: Peter Green quits Fleetwood Mac during a tour of Germany. On the same day, Apollo 13 takes off for the moon.
1976: Singles chart:
- Save Your Kisses For Me – Brotherhood Of Man
- Fernando – ABBA
- Music – John Miles
- You See The Trouble With Me – Barry White
- Jungle Rock – Hank Mizell
- I’m Mandy Fly Me – 10cc
- Theme From Mahogany (Do You Know Where You’re Going To) – Diana Ross
- Love Me Like I Love You – Bay City Rollers
- Girls Girls Girls – Sailor
- Pinball Wizard – Elton John
- Rock Follies – Original Television Soundtrack
- Wings At The Speed Of Sound – Wings
- Juke Box Jive – Various Artists
- Their Greatest Hits 1971-75 – The Eagles
- Greatest Hits – ABBA
- Diana Ross – Diana Ross
- Blue For You – Status Quo
- Cry Tough – Nils Lofgren
- How Dare You – 10cc
- Rebel – John Miles
1979: The Tanzanian army captures Kampala, the capital of Uganda forcing dictator Idi Amin to flee into exile in Libya.
1981: Larry Holmes beats Trevor Berbick in 15 rounds for heavyweight boxing title. One the same day, a race riot breaks out in Brixton.
1983: Seve Ballesteros wins his second US Masters title. On the same day, Gandhi dominates the Academy Awards, winning best film, best director (Richard Attenborough) and best actor (Ben Kingsley).
1984: Chinese troops invade Vietnam. On the same day, Konstantin Chernenko is named President of the Soviet Union.
1990: Customs officers in Middlesbrough seize what they believe is the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
1992: The IRA bombs London’s financial district, killing three.
1993: Bernhard Langer wins his second US Masters.
1996: Israel launches air strikes on Beirut, Lebanon.
1999: José María Olazábal of Spain wins his second US Masters title.
2000: South African cricket captain Hansie Cronje is sacked after admitting dishonesty following match-fixing allegations in India.
2001: Singer/actor Harry Secombe dies aged 79.
2004: Phil Mickelson claims his first major title, winning the US Masters.
2006: June Pointer, the youngest of the four Pointer Sisters died of cancer aged 52. On the same day, Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad., announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
2007: Author Kurt Vonnegut dies aged 84.
2010: Phil Mickelson wins his third US Masters title in Augusta.
2013: Fossilized dinosaur eggs with embryos are discovered in China.
2019: WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is forcibly removed from the Ecuadorian embassy in London by police and arrested on failure to appear in court on US extradition charges. On the same day, Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir is overthrown and arrested by the army in Khartoum after 29 years in power and EU leaders agree to a six-month extension to Brexit after Parliament fails to reach a consensus.
BIRTHDAYS: Louise Lasser, actress/writer, 82; Bob Harris, broadcaster, 75; Neville Staples, singer (The Specials/Fun Boy Three), 65; Jeremy Clarkson, broadcaster, 61; Vincent Gallo, actor/director/screenwriter, 60; Mark Thomas, comedian/satirist, 58; Lisa Stansfield, singer, 55; Cerys Matthews, singer-songwriter/broadcaster, 52; Oliver Riedel, bassist (Rammstein) 50; Joss Stone (Joscelyn Stoker), singer, 34; Nile Ranger, footballer, 30; Dele Alli, footballer, 25.