1471: In the Wars of the Roses King Edward IV of England seizes London from Henry VI.
1814: Napoleon abdicates unconditionally and is exiled to Elba.
1868: The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
1914: Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US.
1933: Hermann Goering becomes Premier of Prussia.
1941: German bombers blitz Coventry.
1945: Four soldiers in the Sixth Armored Division of the US Third Army liberate the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald.
1950: Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco.
1951: US President Harry Truman relieves General Douglas McArthur of command in Korea.
1955: Failed assassination attempt on Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou Enlai when a plane he is on is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea.
1957: Poet Pablo Neruda is arrested in Buenos Aires. On the same day, Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
1961: The trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem. On the same day, Bob Dylan makes his first live appearance in New York’s Greenwich Village as support to John Lee Hooker.
1965: Jack Nicklaus wins the second of his six US Masters titles with a tournament record 271 (−17).
1966: Jack Nicklaus becomes first back-to-back US Masters champion.
1970: Apollo 13 takes off for the moon.
1979: The Tanzanian army captures Kampala, the capital of Uganda forcing dictator Idi Amin to flee into exile in Libya.
1981: Larry Holmes beats Trevor Berbick in 15 rounds for heavyweight boxing title. One the same day, a race riot breaks out in Brixton.
1983: Seve Ballesteros wins his second US Masters title. On the same day, Gandhi dominates the Academy Awards, winning best film, best director (Richard Attenborough) and best actor (Ben Kingsley).
1984: Chinese troops invade Vietnam. On the same day, Konstantin Chernenko is named President of the Soviet Union.
1990: Customs officers in Middlesbrough seize what they believe is the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
1992: The IRA bombs London’s financial district, killing three.
1993: Bernhard Langer wins his second US Masters.
1999: José María Olazábal of Spain wins his second US Masters title.
2000: South African cricket captain Hansie Cronje is sacked after admitting dishonesty following match-fixing allegations in India.
2001: Singer/actor Harry Secombe dies aged 79.
2004: Phil Mickelson claims his first major title, winning the US Masters.
2006: June Pointer, the youngest of the four Pointer Sisters died of cancer aged 52. On the same day, Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad., announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
2007: Author Kurt Vonnegut dies aged 84.
2010: Phil Mickelson wins his third US Masters title in Augusta.
2013: Fossilized dinosaur eggs with embryos are discovered in China.
2019: WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is forcibly removed from the Ecuadorian embassy in London by police and arrested on failure to appear in court on US extradition charges. On the same day, Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir is overthrown and arrested by the army in Khartoum after 29 years in power and EU leaders agree to a six-month extension to Brexit after Parliament fails to reach a consensus.
BIRTHDAYS: Louise Lasser, actress, 81; Bob Harris, broadcaster, 74; Neville Staples, vocalist (The Specials/Fun Boy Three) 64; Jeremy Clarkson, broadcaster, 60; Viincent Gallo, actor/director, 59; Lisa Stansfield, singer, 54; Cerys Matthews, singer/broadcaster, 51; Oliver Riedel, bassist (Rammstein) 49; Joss Stone (Jocelyn Stoker) singer, 33.