1250: The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt and Louis IX of France is captured.
1517: The Ottoman army occupies Cairo.
1570: Birth of Guy Fawkes.
1668: John Dryden is appointed the first Poet Laureate by Charles I.
1742: Handel’s oratorio “Messiah” is performed for the first time at New Music Hall, Dublin.
1743: Birth of Thomas Jefferson, third president of the US.
1796: Napoleon’s forces defeat allied armies of Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont at the Battle of Millesimo.
1861: After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to the Confederates in the American Civil War.
1865: Raleigh, North Carolina, is captured by Union forces in the American Civil War.
1866: Birth of outlaw Butch Cassidy (Robert Leroy Parker) in Utah.
1868: The Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II commits suicide.
1906: Birth of novelist and playwright Samuel Beckett in Ireland.
1919: British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350.
1928: The first transatlantic flight from Europe to the US.
1936: Luton Town’s Joe Payne scores 10 of the goals in a 12-0 Division 3 (South) game against Bristol Rovers – the most goals any player has scored in a League match.
1939: The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
1945: The Red Army occupies Vienna. On the same day, Canadian soldier Léo Major single-handedly liberates the Dutch town of Zwolle by fooling the Germans into thinking a raid had begun.
1949: Philip S Hench announces discovery of cortisone to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
1954: Physicist and father of the atomic bomb, Robert Oppenheimer is accused of being a communist by Senator Joe McCarthy.
1962: The Beatles, with Pete Best still on drums, make their third trip to Germany for a 48-night residency at The Star Club, Hamburg.
1964: Sidney Poitier becomes the first black person to win the best actor Oscar for his role in the film Lilies Of The Field. On the same day, Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia.
1965: The Beatles record the John Lennon song Help! during an evening recording session at EMI Studios, Abbey Road.
1970: Apollo 13 announces “Okay, Houston, we’ve had a problem here”, as an oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon.
1975: A woman becomes the sixth victim of a serial rapist operating in Cambridge.
1980: Seve Ballesteros wins his first US Masters.
1982: David Crosby is arrested when Dallas police discover him preparing cocaine backstage in his dressing room before a show.
1989: At least six Palestinians are killed in an unsanctioned early morning raid by Israeli soldiers on an Arab village on the West Bank. A report the following month confirmed that troops had violated regulations.
1992: Neil Kinnock resigns as leader of the Labour Party, blaming the Conservative-backed national press for his party’s defeat at the general election.
1994: The Presidential Guard at Kigali, Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death.
1997: At age 21, Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the US Masters.
- I Believe I Can Fly – R Kelly
- Song #2 – Blur
- The Saint – Orbital
- Bellissima – DJ Quicksilver
- Ready Or Not – Course
- Don’t Speak – No Doubt
- You Might Need Somebody – Shola Ama
- MFEO – Kavana
- Lazy – Suede
- Halo – Texas
- Dig Your Own Hole – Chemical Brothers
- Spice – The Spice Girls
- 10 – Wet Wet Wet
- White On Blonde – Texas
- Tragic Kingdom – No Doubt
- Lisa Stansfield – Lisa Stansfield
- Blue Is The Colour – The Beautiful South
- Everything Must Go – Manic Street Preachers
- Glow – Reef
- Blur – Blur
2003: The Beatles’ Apple Corp is listed as Britain’s fastest profit-growth firm with an annual profit growth of 194%.
2004: Death of TV presenter Caron Keating from cancer aged 41.
2006: Death of author Muriel Spark aged 88.
2009: Music producer Phil Spector is convicted of murdering actress Lana Clarkson, after a five-month retrial.
2014: Manny Pacquiao defeats Timothy Bradley to regain his WBO welterweight boxing title.
2015: Writer Gunter Grass dies aged 87.
2018: Death of director Milos Forman aged 86.
BIRTHDAYS: Edward Fox, actor, 84; Jack Casady, bassist (Jefferson Airplane) 77; Al Green, singer, 75; Ron Perlman, actor, 71; Max Weinberg, drummer (The E Street Band) 70; Jimmy Destri, keyboardist (Blondie) 67; Alan Devonshire, footballer, 65; Gary Kasparov, chess grandmaster, 58; James Jordan, dancer, 43; Claudio Bravo, goalkeeper, 38.