It happened today – this day in history – April 13

1250: The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt and Louis IX of France is captured.

1517: The Ottoman army occupies Cairo.

1570: Birth of Guy Fawkes.

1668: John Dryden is appointed the first Poet Laureate by Charles I.

1742: Handel’s oratorio “Messiah” is performed for the first time at New Music Hall, Dublin.

1743: Birth of Thomas Jefferson, third president of the US.

1796: Napoleon’s forces defeat allied armies of Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont at the Battle of Millesimo.

1861: After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to the Confederates in the American Civil War.

1865: Raleigh, North Carolina, is captured by Union forces in the American Civil War.

1866: Birth of outlaw Butch Cassidy (Robert Leroy Parker) in Utah.

1868: The Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II commits suicide.

1906: Birth of novelist and playwright Samuel Beckett in Ireland.

1919: British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350.

1928: The first transatlantic flight from Europe to the US.

1936: Luton Town’s Joe Payne scores 10 of the goals in a 12-0 Division 3 (South) game against Bristol Rovers – the most goals any player has scored in a League match.

1939: The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.

1945: The Red Army occupies Vienna. On the same day, Canadian soldier Léo Major single-handedly liberates the Dutch town of Zwolle by fooling the Germans into thinking a raid had begun.

1949: Philip S Hench announces the discovery of cortisone to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

1954: Physicist and father of the atomic bomb, Robert Oppenheimer is accused of being a communist by Senator Joe McCarthy.

1956: Singles chart:

  1. The Poor People Of Paris – Winifred Atwell
  2. It’s Almost Tomorrow – The Dreamweavers
  3. Rock And Roll Waltz – Kay Starr
  4. Only You – The Hilltoppers
  5. Zambesi – Lou Busch
  6. Memories Are Made Of This – Dave King and the Keynotes
  7. Memories Are Made Of This – Dean Martin
  8. See You Later Alligatorr – Bill Haley and his Comets
  9. Theme From The Threepenny Opera – The Dick Hyman Trio
  10. The Great Pretender – Jimmy Parrkinon

1962: The Beatles, with Pete Best still on drums, make their third trip to Germany for a 48-night residency at The Star Club, Hamburg.

1964: Sidney Poitier becomes the first black person to win the best actor Oscar for his role in the film Lilies Of The Field. On the same day, Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia.


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1965: The Beatles record the song Help! during an evening recording session at EMI Studios, Abbey Road.

1969: On TV (Sunday)


LWT

10.40Living and Growing

11.00Morning Service

12.15Discovering London

12.40The Privileged?

13.05Deux Mondes

13.25Face the Press
Anthony Barber, MP for Alrincham and Chairman of the Conservative Party, faces 30 minutes of questioning from a panel of journalists headed by Ludovic Kennedy


13.55All Our Yesterdays

14.25Sports Arena

14.50The Big Match
Highlights of yesterday’s game Arsenal v Leeds United.


15.50Man in a Suitcase

16.45The Golden Shot

17.30Nice Time

18.00News from ITN

18.15All Creatures Great and Small

18.35Appeal

18.40Talking About….

19.25Department ‘S’
A mystery that begins in a warehouse takes Department ‘S’, via the world of beauty culture, to an atomic powered generating station.


20.25Film: The Strange One (1957)
Brutal study of prejudice among American army cadets sstarring Ben Gazzara and George Peppard.


22.10News from ITN

22.20This is…Tom Jones
With guests Donovan and Bobby Goldsbro


23.20Tonight with David Nixon


BBC ONE

09.00Nai Zindagi-naya Jeevan

09.30The Expanding Classroom

10.00Si Dice Cosi

11.00Seeing and Believing

11.30In Rehearsal

12.00Something to Say

12.30Decide for Yourself

13.35Farming

14.00Make It My Place

14.30News Headlines

14.31The Lost Peace

14.56Film: If I Were King (1938)
Starring Ronald Colman and Basil Rathbone


16.35Going for a Song
Customers and connoisseurs explore the world of antiques.


17.00Star Choice
The stars of BBC series pick their favourite episodes This week: Frank Windsor introduces Sleeping Dogs from Softly,Softly.


17.55The Shari Lewis Show

18.05News and Weather

18.15Tending to Corruption

18.45Five Artists Looking at the Old Testament

18.55Songs of Praise

19.25Dr. Finlay’s Casebook

20.15Play of the Month

22.15News and Weather

22.25Omnibus
Profile of concert pianist Vladimir Ashkenazy


23.15Weather

23.17Tending to Corruption


BBC TWO

19.00News Review

19.25Music, Music, Music
Starring The George Mitchell Singers


20.15Civilisation

21.05The Anatomy Lesson

21.45Roar of the Crowd
Second of a new series in which famous sports stars tell their own stories and express their own opinions. This week: Jimmy Greaves.


22.15Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In
Comedy lunacy from the US.


23.05News Summary

23.10Film Night
Late Night Line-Up’s weekly look at the cinema introduced by Tony Bilbow.

1970: Apollo 13 announces “Okay, Houston, we’ve had a problem here”, as an oxygen tank explodes en route to the Moon.

1975: A woman becomes the sixth victim of a serial rapist operating in Cambridge.

1980: Seve Ballesteros wins his first US Masters.

1982: David Crosby is arrested when Dallas police discover him preparing cocaine in his dressing room before a show.

1989: At least six Palestinians are killed in an unsanctioned early morning raid by Israeli soldiers on an Arab village on the West Bank. A report the following month confirmed that troops had violated regulations.

1992: Neil Kinnock resigns as leader of the Labour Party, blaming the Conservative-backed national press for his party’s defeat at the general election.

1994: The Presidential Guard at Kigali, Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death.

1997: At age 21, Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the US Masters

2003: The Beatles’ Apple Corp is listed as Britain’s fastest profit-growth firm with an annual profit growth of 194%.

2004: Death of TV presenter Caron Keating from cancer aged 41.

2006: Death of author Muriel Spark aged 88.

2009: Music producer Phil Spector is convicted of murdering actress Lana Clarkson, after a five-month retrial.

2014: Manny Pacquiao defeats Timothy Bradley to regain his WBO welterweight boxing title.

2015: Writer Gunter Grass dies aged 87.

2018: Death of director Milos Forman aged 86.

2018: Kylie Minogue – Golden

Album chart:

  1. Golden – Kylie Minogue
  2. The Greatest Showman – Motion Picture Cast Recording
  3. Staying At Tamara’s – George Ezra
  4. America – 30 Seconds To Mars
  5. St Jude Rewired – The Courteneers
  6. Invasion Of Privacy – Cardi B
  7. Divide – Ed Sheeran
  8. Geography – Tom Misch
  9. My Dear Melancholy – The Weeknd
  10. The Deconstruction – Eels

2021: Actor Hank Azaria apologises for voicing Indian character Apu on “The Simpsons” for 30 years.

2023: The F.B.I. arrests a member of the Massachusetts Air National Guard for leaking classified documents online. On the same day, fashion designer Mary Quant dies aged 93.

Peter Davison

BIRTHDAYS: Edward Fox, actor, 87; Jack Casady, bassist (Jefferson Airplane) 80; Al Green, singer, 78; Ron Perlman, actor, 74; Max Weinberg, drummer (The E Street Band) 73; Peter Davison, actor, 73; Peabo Bryson, singer, 73; Jonjo O’Neill, jockey/trainr, 72; Jimmy Destri, keyboardist (Blondie) 70; Alan Devonshire, footballer, 68; Rudi Völler, footballer, 64; Gary Kasparov, chess grandmaster, 61; Aaron Lewis, singer (Staind), 52; Lou Bega, singer, 49; James Jordan, dancer, 46; Claudio Bravo, goalkeeper, 41.

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