It happened today – this day in history – April 15

1450: The French defeat the English at the Battle of Formigny in the 100 Years’ War.

1452: Birth of Leonardo da Vinci.

1469: Birth of Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism.

1534: Thomas Cromwell is appointed chief secretary to Henry VIII.

1689: France’s Louis XIV declares war on Spain.

1729: Bach’s “St Matthew Passion” premieres in Leipzig.

1738: Premiere in London of “Serse”, an Italian opera by Handel.

1755: Samuel Johnson’s “A Dictionary of the English Language” is published in London.

1793: The Bank of England issues the first £5 note.

1865: Otto von Bismarck is elevated to the rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen. On the same day, US President Abraham Lincoln dies nine hours after being shot while ttending the play “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre in Washington.

1874: The first ‘Impressionist’ exhibition opens in Paris, featuring the work of Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Pierre-August Renoir, Camille Pissarro and Bertha Morisot.

1896: The first modern Summer Olympic Games close in Athens.

1902: Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the ‘Terror Brigade’ of the Socialist Revolutionaries.

1912: The RMS Titanic sinks after hitting an iceberg with the loss of more than 1,500 passengers and crew.

1923: Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics.

1942: George VI awards the George Cross to the people of Malta.

1945: The British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen. On the same day, US troops occupy Colditz.

1955: Ray Kroc opens the first McDonald’s fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois.

Singles chart:

  1. Give Me Your Word – Tennsee Ernie Ford
  2. Softly Softly – Ruby Murray
  3. Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White – Perez “Prez” Prado and his Orchestra
  4. If Anyone Find This I Love You – Ruby Murray with Anne Warren
  5. Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White – Eddie Calvert
  6. Under The Bridges Of Paris – Dean Martin
  7. Ready, Willing And Able – Doris Day
  8. (I’m Always Hearing) Wedding Bells – Eddie Fisher
  9. Prize Of Gold – Joan Regan
  10. Stranger In Paradise – Tony Bennett

1959: US Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, resigns.

1961: France wins it’s second outright Five Nations Rugby Championship with an 15-3 victory over Ireland at Lansdowne Road, Dublin.

1964: George Best and Pat Jennings make their senior international debuts for Northern Ireland in a 3-2 victory over Wales at the Vetch Field in Swansea.

1967: France wins it’s fourth outright Five Nations Rugby Championship with an 11-6 win over Ireland at Lansdowne Road, Dublin

1968: On TV (Monday)


REDIFFUSION

11.30Easter Monday World of Sport
Including tennis, show jumping, swimming, horse racing from newcastle and motor racing from Brands Hatch


16.15Revolution 1917

16.38Hullabaloo

16.58Skippy

17.25Orlando

17.50Sports Results

17.55News from ITN

18.09Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea

19.00Double Your Money

19.30Coronation Street

20.00World in Action

20.30Film: The Ladykillers (1956)
Starring Alec Guinness and Peter Sellers


22.00News at Ten

22.30Peyton Place

23.00Tale of Two Rivers

23.25Famous Last Words


BBC ONE

10.45Watch With Mother The Herbs

13.25Weather

13.30Bank Holiday Grandstand
Football Preview, Horse Racing from Nottingham, Motor Cycling from Oulton Park, Rugby League: Wakefield Trinity v. Leeds, Results


17.10Jackanory

17.25White Horses

17.50The Magic Roundabout

17.54Weather

17.55News

18.00Town And Around
News and views from London and the South-East


18.10Quiz Time, Gentlemen,Please!
Pubs all over Britain compete in a knock-out competition which combines darts and general knowledge. Question-Master, Keith Fordyce.


18.35The Dick Emery Show

19.05Z Cars

19.29News Headlines

19.30Billy Smart’s Circus

20.30Eric Robinson Presents…

21.15News and Weather

21.30FILM: Psycho (1960)
Alfred Hitchcock’s chiller starring Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh and Vera Miles.


23.14News and Weather


BBC TWO

11.00Play School

19.00Children Thinking

19.30Newsroom

20.00The World Of Beachcomber
Starring Spike Milligan with Hattie Jacques


20.30Summer 67

21.00International Golf
The US Masters from Augusta, Georgia


22.30The Omsk-Siberian State Singers and Dancers

23.20News Summary and Weather

23.25Late Night Line-Up

1970: A record 136,505 see Celtic beat Leeds at Hampden Park to reach the European Cup Final.

1971: George C Scott becomes the first actor to refuse an Oscar for best actor (Patton). He had warned the Academy months in advance that he would do so if he won. Scott believed that every dramatic performance was unique and could not be compared to others.


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1972: A member of the British Army is shot dead by the IRA in the Divis area of Belfast. On the same day, a member of the IRA is shot dead by British soldiers at Joy Street in the Markets area of Belfast.

1974: Military coup in Niger, president Diori Hamani is deposed.

1980: Existentialist philosopher and writer Jean-Paul Sartre dies in Paris aged 74.

1981: Journalist Janet Cooke says her Pulitzer award winning story about an 8-year-old heroin addict was fabricated. The Washington Post relinquishes the Pulitzer Prize.

1982: Death of Dad’s Army star Arthur Lowe aged 66 after a stroke.

1984: Comedian Tommy Coopers suffers a heart attack and dies on live TV during a performance at the London Palladium.

1988: Comedy actor Kenneth Williams dies from an overdose aged 61 on the eve of going into hospital for surgery.

1989: The worst disaster in football history when 94 Liverpool fans are crushed to death at Hillsborough Football Stadium, Sheffield, during the FA Cup semi final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest. Two more die later.

1990: Death of actress Greta Garbo (Gustafson) aged 84.

1992: Billionaire Leona Helmsly is sent to jail in the US for tax evasion.

1994: Olympic champion figure skater, John Curry OBE dies from AIDS aged 44.

1996: Milli Vanilli singer Rob Pilatus is jailed for 90 days by a Los Angeles judge for three violent attacks and parole violation.

1998: Death of Cambodian dictator Pol Pot aged 72.

1999: The body of country singer Tammy Wynette is exhumed in an attempt to settle a dispute over how the country music legend died.

2001: Joey Ramone (Jeffrey Ross Hyman) singer with The Ramones, dies aged 49 after losing a long battle with lymphatic cancer.

2008: Death of drummer with The Nice, Brian “Blinky” Davison, aged 65.

2009: Death of broadcaster and MP Clement Freud aged 84.

2010: Volcanic ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland leads to the closure of airspace over most of Europe.

2011: Singer Christina Aquilera divorces music executive Jordan Bratman.

2013: Three people are killed and 183 injured after two explosions near the finish line at the Boston Marathon.

2016: Sia – This Is Acting

2016: Album chart:

  1. Cleopatra – The Lumineers
  2. 25 – Adele
  3. Red Flag – All Saints
  4. One Voice – Aled Jones
  5. Gore – The Deftones
  6. Lukas Graham – Lukas Graham
  7. Purpose – Justin Bieber
  8. Everything You’ve Come To Expect – The Last Shadow Puppets
  9. This Is Acting – Sia
  10. I Cry When I Laugh – Jess Glynne

2017: Suicide car bomb targets buses carrying Syrian evacuees at Rashidin, 126 killed including 70 children. On the same day, guitarist Alan Holdsworth dies aged 70.

2019: Notre Dame catches fire and sustains widespread damage.

2021: An Ivory Coast court sentences former warlord Amadé Ouérémi to a life sentence for massacres by his militia after the 2010 election.

Masie Williams

BIRTHDAYS: Claudia Cardinale, actress, 85; Marty Wilde (Reg Smith), singer-songwriter, 84; Jeffrey Archer (Baron Archer of Weston Super Mare), author, 83; Dave Edmunds, singer-songwriter/guitarist, 79; David Jackson, sax/flautist (Van der Graaf Generator) 76; Benjamin Zephaniah, poet/actor, 65; Dame Emma Thompson, actress/screenwriter, 64; Linda Perry, songwriter/producer/singer, (4 Non Blondes), 58; Oscar Harrison, drummer, (Ocean Colour Scene) 58; Graeme Clark, bassist (Wet Wet Wet) 57; Samantha Fox, model/singer, 57; Frankie Poullian, bassist (The Darkness) 56; Ed O’Brien, guitarist (Radiohead) 55; Katy Hill, TV presenter, 52; Luke Evans, actor, 44; Patrick Carney, drummer (The Black Keys) 43; Natalie Casey, actress, 43; Seth Rogen, actor/screenwriter, 41; Emma Watson, actress, 33; Felipe Anderson, footballer, 30; Maisie Williams, actress, 26.

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