1457BC: Egyptian forces of Thutmose III defeat a large Canaanite coalition under King of Kadesh at the Battle of Megiddo – the first battle recorded with a reliable account.
1346: The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.
1521: Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly.
1705: Queen Anne knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge.
1746: The Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart.
1799: Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1816: Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after one year of marriage.
1854: Premiere of Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem “Mazeppa”. On the same day, San Salvador on El Salvador is destroyed by earthquake.
1881: Bartholomew “Bat” Masterton fights his last gun battle in Dodge City, Kansas against US Army Sergeant Melvin King after being discovered in bed with King’s girlfriend. Masterton took a bullet in the pelvis but got off a fatal shot as he fell.
1889: Birth of Charlie Chaplin in London.
1912: Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
1917: Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia to join the Russian Revolution, issuing his “April Theses” calling for Soviets to take power.
1922: Shooter Annie Oakley sets a women’s record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row.
1932: The classic short film “The Music Box” starring Laurel and Hardy is released.
1938: Britain recognises Italy’s annexation of Abyssinia.
1939: The Soviet Union proposes an alliance with Britain and France to counter Nazi Germany; Stalin would later sign a secret agreement with the Nazis – not that it made any difference.
1943: Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
1945: The Dutch town of Arnhem is liberated by British and Canadian forces. On the same day, the Red Army begins its attack on Berlin and US troops enter Nuremberg.
1953: The Queen launches the Royal Yacht HMS Britannia in Scotland.
1956: Chuck Berry records his song Roll Over Beethoven in Chicago.
1964: Sentences totalling 307 years are passed on 12 men who carried out the Great Train Robbery in August 1963. On the same day, The Beatles film the chase scenes for A Hard Day’s Night in the Notting Hill Gate area of London. In the evening they record the Lennon/McCartney title track for the film at EMI Studio, Abbey Road. The title came from one of drummer Ringo Starr’s sayings.
1966: Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain.
1970: Protestant right-winger Ian Paisley wins a seat in Northern Ireland’s parliament.
1972: Launch of Apollo 16 to the moon with astronauts John Young, Ken Mattingly and Charles Duke. On the same day, Two British soldiers are shot dead by the IRA in separate incidents in Derry.
1987: Billericay MP Harvey Proctor appears before Bow Street Magistrates charged with gross indecency.
1989: Singles chart:
- Eternal Flame – The Bangles
- If You Don’t Know Me By Now – Simply Red
- Baby I Don’t Care – Transvision Vamp
- Americanos – Holy Johnson
- I Beg Your Pardon – Kon Kan
- When Love Comes To Town – U2 with B B King
- Straight Up – Paula Abdul
- Like A Prayer – Madonna
- Good Thing – Fine Young Cannibals
- This Time I Know It’s For Real – Donna Summer
- When The World Knows Your Name – Deacon Blue
- A New Flame – Simply Red
- Sonic Temple – The Cult
- Especially For You – Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
- Club Classics Volume 1 – Soul II Soul
- Like A Prayer – Madonna
- The Raw And The Cooked – Fine Young Cannibals
- Appetite For Destruction – Guns n Roses
- Don’t Be Cruel – Bobby Brown
- Forever Your Girl – Paula Abdul
1991: Death of director David Lean aged 83.
1993: The UN Security Council votes to create a safe haven for Bosnian Muslims under siege in the town of Srebrenica.
1994: Duncan Ferguson of Rangers headbutts Raith Rovers defender Jock McStay during a game at Ibrox and although the clash isn’t noticed by the match officials it is caught on camera and he ends up in court charged with assault. He was found guilty and sentenced to three months in prison. The first professional player in Britain to be jailed for a incident on the football pitch.
2001: During Southend United’s Division 3 match with Mansfield Town at Roots Hall, referee Mike North collapses in the centre circle and dies of a heart attack.
2004: Super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Transatlantic crossing.
2007: The Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. Gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, kills 32 people and injures 23 others before committing suicide.
2014: South Korean ferry MV Sewol sinks en route from Incheon to Jeju, 304 drown, mostly students.
2018: Kendrick Lamar becomes the first rapper and non classical or jazz musician to win the Pulitzer Prize for music with his album “Damn”.
BIRTHDAYS: Baroness Joan Bakewell, broadcaster, 88; Bobby Vinton, singer-songwriter, 86; Peter Garrett, singer (Midnight Oil), 68; Ellen Barkin, actress, 67; Paul Buchanan, singer-songwriter, (The Blue Nile), 65; Rafa Benitez, football manager, 61; Jimmy Osmond, singer, 58; Nick Berry, actor/singer, 58; Martin Lawrence, actor, 56; Gabrielle (Louise Bobb) singer, 51; Max Beesley, actor/muician, 50; Akon, (Aliaune Thiam), singer, 48; Lukas Haas, actor, 45; Freddie Ljungberg, football manager, 44; Claire Foy, actress, 37; Paul di Resta, racing driver, 35; Aaron Lennon, footballer, 34; Chance the Rapper (Chancelor Bennett) rapper, 28; Sadie Sink, actress, 19.