1346: The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.
1521: Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly.
1705: Queen Anne knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge.
1746: The Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart.
1799: Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1816: Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after one year of marriage.
1854: Premiere of Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem “Mazeppa”. On the same day, San Salvador on El Salvador is destroyed by earthquake.
1889: Birth of Charlie Chaplin in London.
1912: Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
1917: Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia to join the Russian Revolution, issuing his “April Theses” calling for Soviets to take power.
1922: Shooter Annie Oakley sets a women’s record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row.
1932: The classic short film “The Music Box” starring Laurel and Hardy is released.
1938: Britain recognises Italy’s annexation of Abyssinia.
1939: The Soviet Union proposes an alliance with Britain and France to counter Nazi Germany; Stalin would later sign a secret agreement with the Nazis – not that it made any difference.
1943: Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
1945: The Dutch town of Arnhem is liberated by British and Canadian forces. On the same day, the Red Army begins its attack on Berlin.
1953: The Royal yacht Britannia is launched by The Queen.
1964: Nine men, including Ronald Biggs, are sentenced for carrying out the “Great Train Robbery” from the previous year.
1966: Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain.
1970: Unionist Ian Paisley wins the seat formerly held by Northern Irish Prome Minister Terence O’Neill in Stormont.
1972: Launch of Apollo 16 to the moon with astronauts John Young, Ken Mattingly and Charles Duke. On the same day, Two British soldiers are shot dead by the IRA in separate incidents in Derry.
1991: Death of director David Lean aged 83.
2004: Super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Transatlantic crossing.
2007: The Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. Gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, kills 32 people and injures 23 others before committing suicide.
2014: South Korean ferry MV Sewol sinks en route from Incheon to Jeju, 304 drown, mostly students.
BIRTHDAYS: Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger) 93; Baroness Joan Bakewell, broadcaster, 87; Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, 80; Ruth Madoc, actress, 77; Ellen Barkin, actress, 66; Rafa Benitez, football manager, 60; Jimmy Osmond, singer, 57; Nick Berry, actor/singer 57; Martin Lawrence, actor, 55; Gabrielle (Louisa Bobb), singer, 50; Max Beesley, actor/muician, 49; Akon (Aliaume Damala Badara AkonThiam), singer-songwriter, 47; Lukas Haas, actor, 44; Claire Foy, actress, 36; Paul di Resta, racing driver, 34; Aaron Lennon, footballer, 33; Chance The Rapper (Chancelor Jonathan Bennett), rapper, 27.