It happened today – this day in history – April 21

753BC: Traditional date for when Romulus and Remus founded Rome.

1536: Thomas Cromwell begins to plan Anne Boleyn’s downfall while feigning illness.

1689: William III and Mary Stuart are proclaimed King and Queen of England.

1789: John Adams is sworn in as the first Vice President of the USA.

1796: The French, led by Napoleon, defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Mondovi.

1816: Birth of novelist Charlotte Bronte in Thornton, West Yorkshire.

1836: Texas wins independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto.

1894: George Bernard Shaw’s “Arms & the Man” premieres in London.

1910: Death of author Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) aged 74.

1916: The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour.

1918: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen – the “Red Baron” – is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme, France.

1925: Noel Coward’s “Fallen Angels” premieres in London.

1930: Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322.

1935: King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties.

1941: Greece surrenders to Nazi-Germany.

1945: The Soviet army arrives at the outskirts of Berlin.

1954: Georgi Malenkov becomes premier of the USSR.

1960: Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil.

1961: The French army revolts in Algeria.

1966: Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica.

1967: Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Allilueva arrives in New York after defecting to the US.

1969: The Ministry of Defence announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings.

1975: Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns.

1977: Zia ur-Rahman is appointed president of Bangladesh.

1982: The Clash frontman Joe Strummer disappeared. He was found three weeks later living rough in Paris.

1983: The £1 coin is introduced.

1985: Ingrid Kristiansen wins the London Marathon in a record 2:21:06.

1989: Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom.

1990: Paul McCartney played in front of 184,000 fans at the Maracana Stadium in Rio de Jnaeiro, creating a new world record for the largest crowd attending a rock concert at that time.

1995: The FBI arrests Timothy McVeigh and charge him with the Oklahoma City bombing of two days earlier.

1997: The ashes of Timothy Leary and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry are launched into orbit.

2000: Neal Matthews of Elvis’ backing singers The Jordanaires dies of a heart attack.

2001: REM guitarist Peter Buck was charged by police at Heathrow airport with being drunk on an aircraft and assaulting British Airways crew.

2002: Cold Feet wins best drama at the BAFTA Television Awards.

2003: Death of singer Nina Simone (Eunice Waymon) aged 70.

2004: Former Pogues frontman Shane MacGowan was attacked in The Joiner’s Arms pub in central London and suffered a fractured cheekbone after being kicked, punched and hit with a metal bar.

2008: Soul singer and songwriter Al Wilson died of kidney failure at the age of 68.

2012: Actress Carey Mulligan weds “Mumford & Sons” lead singer Marcus Mumford in Somerset.

2016: Prince was found dead at his home in Minnesota at the age of 57. On the same day, rock, blues and country singer-guitarist Lonnie Mack died of natural causes in hospital near his log-cabin home, 70 miles east of Nashville.

2018: Death of actor Verne Troyer aged 49.

2019: Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg speaks at a Extinction Rebellion protest in London amid city-wide climate protests where Waterloo Bridge was occupied over four days.

BIRTHDAYS: Queen Elizabeth II, 94; Iggy Pop (James Osterberg), singer, 73; Mike Barson, keyboardist (Madness) 62; Andie MacDowell (Rosalie Anderson) actress, 62; Robert Smith, singer/songwriter/guitarist (The Cure) 61; Johnny McElhone, guitarist/songwriter (Texas) 57; Michael Franti, musician, 54; James McEvoy, actor, 41.

Mick Ferris

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