753BC: Traditional date for when Romulus and Remus founded Rome.
1536: Thomas Cromwell begins to plan Anne Boleyn’s downfall while feigning illness.
1689: William III and Mary Stuart are proclaimed King and Queen of England.
1789: John Adams is sworn in as the first Vice President of the USA.
1796: The French, led by Napoleon, defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Mondovi.
1816: Birth of novelist Charlotte Bronte in Thornton, West Yorkshire.
1836: Texas wins independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto.
1894: George Bernard Shaw’s “Arms & the Man” premieres in London.
1910: Death of author Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) aged 74.
1916: The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour.
1918: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen – the “Red Baron” – is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme, France.
1925: Noel Coward’s “Fallen Angels” premieres in London.
1930: Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322.
1935: King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties.
1941: Greece surrenders to Nazi-Germany.
1945: The Soviet army arrives at the outskirts of Berlin.
1954: Georgi Malenkov becomes premier of the USSR.
1960: Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil.
1961: The French army revolts in Algeria.
1966: Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica.
1967: Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Allilueva arrives in New York after defecting to the US.
1969: The Ministry of Defence announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings.
1975: Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns.
1977: Zia ur-Rahman is appointed president of Bangladesh.
1982: The Clash frontman Joe Strummer disappeared. He was found three weeks later living rough in Paris.
1983: The £1 coin is introduced.
1985: Ingrid Kristiansen wins the London Marathon in a record 2:21:06.
1989: Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom.
1990: Paul McCartney played in front of 184,000 fans at the Maracana Stadium in Rio de Jnaeiro, creating a new world record for the largest crowd attending a rock concert at that time.
1995: The FBI arrests Timothy McVeigh and charge him with the Oklahoma City bombing of two days earlier.
1997: The ashes of Timothy Leary and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry are launched into orbit.
2000: Neal Matthews of Elvis’ backing singers The Jordanaires dies of a heart attack.
2001: REM guitarist Peter Buck was charged by police at Heathrow airport with being drunk on an aircraft and assaulting British Airways crew.
2002: Cold Feet wins best drama at the BAFTA Television Awards.
2003: Death of singer Nina Simone (Eunice Waymon) aged 70.
2004: Former Pogues frontman Shane MacGowan was attacked in The Joiner’s Arms pub in central London and suffered a fractured cheekbone after being kicked, punched and hit with a metal bar.
2008: Soul singer and songwriter Al Wilson died of kidney failure at the age of 68.
2012: Actress Carey Mulligan weds “Mumford & Sons” lead singer Marcus Mumford in Somerset.
2016: Prince was found dead at his home in Minnesota at the age of 57. On the same day, rock, blues and country singer-guitarist Lonnie Mack died of natural causes in hospital near his log-cabin home, 70 miles east of Nashville.
2018: Death of actor Verne Troyer aged 49.
2019: Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg speaks at a Extinction Rebellion protest in London amid city-wide climate protests where Waterloo Bridge was occupied over four days.
BIRTHDAYS: Queen Elizabeth II, 94; Iggy Pop (James Osterberg), singer, 73; Mike Barson, keyboardist (Madness) 62; Andie MacDowell (Rosalie Anderson) actress, 62; Robert Smith, singer/songwriter/guitarist (The Cure) 61; Johnny McElhone, guitarist/songwriter (Texas) 57; Michael Franti, musician, 54; James McEvoy, actor, 41.