It happened today – this day in history – April 22

1370: Building begins on the Bastille in Paris.

1500: Pedro Alvares Cabral is the first European to discover Brazil and claims it for Portugal.

1521: French King Francois I declares war on Spain.

1616: Death of Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra, author of Don Quixote, from cirrhosis at 68.

1659: Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands parliament.

1671: Charles II sits in on parliament.

1692: Edward Bishop is jailed for proposing flogging as a cure for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.

1769: Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV’s “official” mistress.

1809: Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl at the Battle of Eckmuhl.

1870: Birth of Lenin (Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov).

1876: Tchaikovsky completes his ballet “Swan Lake”.

1898: US President William McKinley orders a blockade of Cuban harbours.

1908: Death of prime minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman aged 71.

1915: The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front. On the same day, Germany is the first nation to use poison chlorine gas for military purposes.

1916: Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising.

1930: British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province, British India.

1931: Egypt and Iraq sign a peace treaty.

1934: The US Division of Investigation (later the FBI) under Melvin Purvis, botch an operation to capture the John Dillinger gang at Little Bohemia Lodge, Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin.

1944: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Salzburg.

1945: The concentration camp at Sachsenhausen is liberated. On the same day, upon being informed that a planned counter-attack in Berlin never happened, Hitler flies into a rage, denounces the German Army and concedes World War II is lost. Meanwhile, SS chief Heinrich Himmler secretly meets with Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden, asking him to act as an intermediary for a surrender offer to the Western Allies. The Allies do not take the offer seriously.

1957: Elvis Presley has his custom built ‘Music Gates’ installed at his mansion Gracelands in Memphis.

1959: British ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn arrives in New York after spending 24 hours in a Panamanian prison when her husband, Dr Roberto Arias, a former Panamanian ambassador in London, is suspected of planning a coup against the government of President Ernesto de la Guarda.

1967: Martial Law goes into effect in Greece.

1969: The first human eye transplant is performed. On the same day, Joe Frazier KOs Dave Zyglewick in Round 1 for heavyweight boxing title and Bernadette Devlin, the youngest woman ever at the time to be elected to Westminster, makes a controversial maiden speech in the House of Commons concerning the situation in Northern Ireland .

1971: Haiti’s ruler, Francois ‘Papa Doc’ Duvalier, dies after 14 years in power.


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1972: An 11-year-old boy is the first to die from a rubber bullet impact in Northern Ireland.

1977: Shimon Peres becomes prime minister of Israel.

1978: Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta win the Eurovision Song Contest for Israel singing A-Ba-Ni-Bi in Paris.

1980: Thirteen leading officials of the ousted government in Liberia are publicly executed on the orders of the new military regime.

1981: More than $3.3 million is stolen from the First National Bank of Arizona in Tucson in the then largest US bank robbery in history.

On TV (Wednesday)


THAMES

09.30A Big Country

09.55Friends of My Friends

10.20The Outsiders

11.05The Adventures of Niko

11.30Alphabet: The Story of Writing

12.00The Munch Bunch

12.10Rainbow

12.30About Britain

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30Crown Court

14.00After Noon Plus

14.25Mid-week Racing from Epsom

15.50Play It Again

16.20Whizzkids Guide

16.45Echoes of Louisa

17.15Mr and Mrs

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames News

18.25Help!

18.35Crossroads

19.00Where There’s Life …

19.30Coronation Street

20.00The Benny Hill Show

21.00The Miami Drugs War

22.00News at Ten

22.30Show-Jumping
The Birmingham International Championships


23.30Mannix


BBC ONE

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

09.45Roobarb

09.50Jackanory

10.05The All-New Popeye Show

10.25Why Don’t You….?

10.50Play Chess!

11.00Closedown

12.42Regional News (exc London)

12.45Midday News and Weather

13.00Pebble Mill at One

13.45Bagpuss

14.00Closedown

14.15Racing from Cheltenham

15.53Regional News (exc London)

15.55Play School

16.20Hong Kong Phooey

16.40Take Hart

17.00John Craven’s Newsround

17.10The Bagthorpe Saga

17.35Fred Basset

17.40Evening News and Weather

17.55Nationwide
Presented by Frank Bough, Sue Lawley, Richard Kershaw Hugh Scully and Sue Cook


19.00Tom and Jerry

19.10The Wonderful World of Disney

20.00Terry and June
Comedy series starring Terry Scott and June Whitfield


20.30Lena
starring Lena Zavaroni with guests Kiki Dee and Wayne Sleep.


21.00Nine O’Clock News and Weather

21.25The Risk Business

22.00Sportsnight
Introduced by Desmond Lynam Highlights from tonight’s European Cup second-leg semi-final ties as Liverpool visit West German champions Bayern Munich.


22.50Paperbacks with Robert Kee.
A weekly look at what is new, controversial and entertaining in the world of paperback books and writers.


23.25Lamaload

23.55News Headlines; Weather


BBC TWO

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

10.20Gharbar

10.45Closedown

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

16.50Open University

18.55Open Door

19.25Mid-Evening News

19.40Arrival of the Water Carrier for Mesopotamia
In Lincolnshire at the turn of the century a modest engineering firm invents a piece of agricultural equipment. On the orders of Winston Churchill it is secretly developed into a weapon that is destined to revolutionise warfare.


20.10International Pro-Celebrity Golf
Lee Trevino and Fuzzy Zoeller v Sean Connery and Bruce Forsyth


21.00Rhoda

21.25The Life and Times of David Lloyd George starring Philip Madoc

22.25Reflections Ireland

22.45Newsnight

1983: Stern magazine in Germany announces the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries written by Adolf Hitler. (They turn out to be a hoax).

1990: Hezbollah release US hostage Robert Polhill from Lebanon after 39 months.

1994: Michael Moorer beats Evander Holyfield in 12 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, former US President Richard Nixon dies aged 81, four days after suffering a stroke.

1995: George Foreman beats Axel Schulz in 12 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title in Las Vegas.

1997: A four-month siege of the Japanese embassy in Peru ends in gunfire and explosions as troops storm in.

2000: US federal agents seize six-year-old Cuban shipwreck survivor Elian Gonzalez in an early morning raid on the home of his relatives in Miami.

2001: Singles chart:

  1. Survivor – Destiny’s Child
  2. Lovin’ Each Day – Ronan Keating
  3. Liquid Dreams – O-Town
  4. Get Ur Freak On – Missy Elliott
  5. It Wasn’t Me – Shaggy ft Rikrok
  6. Out Of Reach – Gabrielle
  7. What It Feels Like For A Girl – Madonna
  8. What Took You So Long – Emma Bunton
  9. Clint Eastwood – Gorillaz
  10. All For You – Janet Jackson
2001: Eva Cassidy – Songbird

Album chart:

  1. Just Enough Education To Perform – Stereophonics
  2. Popstars – Hearsay
  3. No Angel – Dido
  4. A Girl Like Me – Emma Bunton
  5. Songbird – Eva Cassidy
  6. The Ultimate Collection – Billy Joel
  7. Gorillaz – Gorillaz
  8. Since I Left You – The Avalanches
  9. Hybrid Theory – Linkin Park
  10. Significant Other – Limp Bizkit

2003: Songwriter Felice Bryant dies of cancer. She wrote many hits with her husband Boudleaux including; The Everly Brothers’, Bye Bye Love, All I Have To Do Is Dream and Wake Up Little Susie.

2008: It is revealed that singer Tommy Steele took Elvis Presley on a secret tour of London in 1958 after they struck up a friendship. Presley fans had believed the only time Elvis ever set foot in the UK was during a stop-over at Prestwick Airport in Scotland in March 1960.

2012: A 30 year old woman collapses and dies during the London Marathon.

2013: Singer Richie Havens, who opened the Woodstock Festival, dies of a heart attack at 72.

2014: David Moyes is sacked as manager of Manchester United.

2017: Romanian coach Ilie Nastase is thrown off the tennis court for insulting British female players during the Federation Cup play-off in Constanta.

2018: Liverpool’s Mo Salah is named PFA Player of the Year.

2019: Former Celtic and Scotland captain Billy McNeill dies aged 79.

2020: Sudan bans female genital mutation and makes it a criminal offence.

Jack Nicholson

BIRTHDAYS: Jack (John) Nicholson, actor/screenwriter, 86; John Waters, director/screenwriter, 77; Peter Frampton, guitarist/singer-songwriter, 73; Paul Carrack, singer-songwriter, 72; Donald Tusk, former Polish politician and president of the European Commission, 66; Lloyd Honeyghan, former boxer, 63; Jeffrey Dean Morgam, actor, 57; Sheryl Lee, actress, 56; Dion Dublin, football pundit, 54; Craig Logan, bassist (Bros)/record producer, 54; Shavo Odadjian, bassist, (System Of A Down) 49; Darren Moore, football manager, 49; Kaka (Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite) footballer, 41; Amelle Berrabah, singer (The Sugarbabes) 39; Michelle Ryan, actress, 39; Amber Heard, actress, 37; David Luiz (Marinho), footballer, 36; John Obi Mikel, footballer, 36; Machine Gun Kelly (Colson Baker) rapper/actor, 33.