1514: Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn.
1655: The Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant’s desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam.
1828:Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece’s independence.
1835: Chopin’s “Grand Polonaise Brillante” premieres in Paris.
1865: John Wilkes Booth, stage actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln, is shot by Union soldier Boston Corbett.
1923: Prince Albert Duke of York (future George VI) marries Elizabeth Bowes Lyon at Westminster Abbey.
1937: The Luftwaffe destroys the Basque town of Guernica in Spain.
1945: Marshal Philippe Petain, the leader of France’s Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, is arrested for treason.
1954: Mass trials of Jonas Salk’s anti-polio vaccine begin.
1966: An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroys Tashkent, Uzbekistan. On the same day, the International Olympic Committee votes to award German city of Munich the right to host the 1972 Summer Olympic Games.
1970: Burlesque dancer Gypsy Rose Lee (Rose Hovick) dies from lung cancer aged 56.
1976: Comedy actor Sid James (Solomon Cohen) dies from a heart attack aged 62.
1977: Opening of the club Studio 54 in New York.
1982: Whilst out shopping, Rod Stewart is robbed by a gunman of his $50,000 Porsche on Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles. On the same day, Argentina surrenders to Britain on South Georgia in The Falklands.
1984: President Reagan visits China. On the same day, bandleader Count Basie dies aged 79.
1986: In the world’s worst nuclear disaster, a reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station in the USSR explodes. 31 die immediately and radioactive contamination reaches much of Western Europe.
1989: Comedy legend Lucille Ball dies aged 78.
1991: Diego Maradona is arrested in Argentina for the possession and distribution of illegal narcotics.
1999: TV presenter Jill Dando is murdered outside her house by an unknown assassin.
2004: Death of author Hubert Selby Jr aged 75.
2005: Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
2013: Country singer George Jones died aged 81.
2015: Bayern Munich wins the 2014–15 Bundesliga for the 25th time.
2016: A list of tracks by death metal band Abhorrent Decimation was accidentally printed on the back of a new album by UK comedian Bernie Clifton.
2017: Film director Jonathan Demme dies aged 73.
2018: Comedian Bill Cosby is found guilty of sexual assault in Pennsylvania.
2019: Molly Hatchet singer Phil McCormack died age 58.
BIRTHDAYS: Carol Burnett, comedian/actress, 87; Georgio Moroder, producer, 80; Roger Taylor, drummer (Duran Duran) 60; Jet Li, actor/martial arts expert, 57; Kevin James, comedy actor, 55; T-Boz (Tionne Watkins), singer (TLC) 50; Melania Trump, US First Lady, 50; Joey Jordison, drummer (Slipknot) 45; Nerina Pallot, singer/songwriter, 45; Jose Antonio Pasillas II, drummer (Incubus), 44; Tom Welling, actor, 43; Channing Tatum, actor, 40; Ms Dynamite, (Niomi McLean Daley), rapper/singer/songwriter, 39.