1202: King Philip II expels King John of England from France.
1770: Captain James Cook lands at Botany Bay, Australia.
1789: Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh in the South Pacific.
1848: Slavery is abolished in the French colonies.
1881: Billy The Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
1918: Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, dies of tuberculosis aged 23.
1923: Bolton beat West Ham United 2-0 in the first FA Cup Final to be played at Wembley Stadium. The official attendance is 126,047 but it is believed over 200,000 gained access to the ground.
1935: The Moscow underground railway opens.
1940: Glenn Miller records “Pennsylvania 6-5000”.
1945: Former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci, are killed by partisans and hung upside down outside the forecourt of a garage in Milan where their bodies are kicked and spat at by crowds.
1947: Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the “Kon-Tiki” sail from Peru to Polynesia.
1950: King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand marries Mon Rajawongse Sirikit at Sra Pathum Palace.
1952: Dwight D Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.
1956: The last French troops leave Vietnam.
1965: US marines invade the Dominican Republic. On the same day, Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan, in Franco Zeffirelli’s production of “La Bohème” by Puccini.
1966: The Sound of Music wins the Oscar for best picture at the Academy Awards. Lee Marvin takes the award for best actor in Cat Balou and Julie Christie is best actress for her role in Darling.
- You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me – Dussty Springfield
- Pretty Flamingo – Manfred Mann
- Somebody Help Me – The Spencer Davis Group
- Bang Bang – Cher
- Hold Tight – Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
- Daydream – The Lovin’ Spoonful
- Sound Of Silence – The Bschelors
- Pied Piper – Crispian St Peters
- I Put A Spell OnYou – The Alan Price Set
- Alfie – Cilla Black
1967: Muhammad Ali refuses induction into the US Army and is stripped of his world heavyweight boxing title.
1968: The musical Hair opens at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway, New York City.
1969: French president, Charles de Gaulle, resigns from office after 11 years, following his defeat in a referendum on government reforms.
1973: Bobby Charlton plays in his 606th and last league match for Manchester United – a 1-0 defeat against Chelsea at Stamford Bridge. On the same day, older brother Jack plays his last League game for Leeds against Southampton at the Dell.
1977: Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) are jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly two years in Stuttgart.
1980: US Secretary of State, Cyrus Vance, resigns.
1981: Former T. Rex bassist Steve Currie is killed aged 33 in a car crash returning to his home near Vale de Parra, Algarve, Portugal.
1990: Guns N’ Roses leader Axl Rose marries Erin Everly, daughter of The Everly Brothers’ Don at Cupid’s Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas.
1992: Death of abstract painter Francis Bacon aged 82.
1994: Former CIA officer Aldrich Ames and his wife Rosario plead guilty to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia.
1996: A gunman fires indiscriminately on a crowded tourist area in Tasmania, killing 35.
1999: Death of England World Cup winning manager Sir Alf Ramsey.
2000: Paul Atkinson is jailed for three years after being found guilty of stealing more than £25,000 from Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts. Atkinson had been the manager of an Arabian stud farm owned by Watts.
2001: Billionaire businessman Dennis Tito from California becomes the first paying passenger to go into outer space.
2003: Apple launches iTunes, the first widely successful legal music download service.
2013: Andre Agassi recaptures the world number one ranking to become the oldest top-ranked male in the history of the ATP rankings.
2014: Scorpions drummer James Kottak is sentenced to one month in jail in Dubai for offensive behaviour after an incident at Dubai airport on April 3. On the same day, Paul Simon and his wife Edie Brickell appear in court after being arrested over a domestic dispute.
2017: Album chart:
- ÷ – Ed Sheeeran
- Tears On The Dancefloor – Steps
- Human – Rag n Bone Man
- Damn – Kendrick Lamar
- Life Love Flesh Blood – Imelda May
- Jump On Board – Texas
- More Life – Drake
- You Are We – While She Sleeps
- Moana – Motion Picture Cast Recording
- X – Ed Sheeran
2020: Rhythm and blues singer Bobby Lewis dies aged 95.
BIRTHDAYS: Ann-Margaret (Olsson), actress, 81; Jay Leno, comedian/TV host, 72; Kim Gordon, bassist (Sonic Youth) 69; Eddie Jobson, keyboards/violin (Roxy Music/U.K.) 67; Lady Helen Windsor, 58; Howard Donald, singer/dancer (Take That) 54; Diego Simeone (González), football manager, 52; Bridget (Kathryn) Moynahan, actress, 51; Jorge Garcia, actor, 49; Penélope Cruz (Sánchez), actress, 48; Vernon Kay, broadcaster, 48; Lauren Laverne, broadcaster, 44; Sir Bradley Wiggins, cycling champion, 42; Jessica Alba, actress, 41; Juan Mata, footballer, 34; Tom Ogden, singer/guitarist (Blossoms) 29.