1202: King Philip II expels King John of England from France.
1770: Captain James Cook lands at Botany Bay, Australia.
1789: Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh in the South Pacific.
1848: Slavery is abolished in the French colonies.
1881: Billy The Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
1918: Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, dies of tuberculosis aged 23.
1923: Wembley Stadium opens with the FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United. The famous “white horse” final.
1935: The Moscow underground railway opens.
1940: Glenn Miller records “Pennsylvania 6-5000”.
1945: Benito Mussolini and his mistress Claretta Petacci are executed by communist partisans then hung upside down from a metal girder in Milan for people to physically abuse.
1947: Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the “Kon-Tiki” sail from Peru to Polynesia.
1950: King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand marries Mon Rajawongse Sirikit at Sra Pathum Palace.
1952: Dwight D Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.
1956: The last French troops leave Vietnam.
1965: US marines invade the Dominican Republic. On the same day, Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan, in Franco Zeffirelli’s production of “La Bohème” by Puccini.
1966: The Sound of Music wins the Oscar for best picture at the Academy Awards. Lee Marvin takes the award for best actor in Cat Balou and Julie Christie is best actress for her role in Darling.
1967: Muhammad Ali refuses induction into the US Army and is stripped of his world heavyweight boxing title.
1968: The Broadway musical Hair opened at the Biltmore Theatre in New York.
1969: Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France. On the same day, Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O’Neill resigns.
1977: Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly two years in Stuttgart.
1980: US Secretary of State, Cyrus Vance, resigns.
1981: Former T. Rex bassist Steve Currie was killed in a car crash returning to his home near Vale de Parra, Algarve, Portugal, aged 33.
1990: Guns N’ Roses leader Axl Rose married Erin Everly, daughter of The Everly Brothers Don at Cupid’s Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas.
1992: Death of abstract painter Francis Bacon aged 82.
1994: Former CIA officer Aldrich Ames and his wife Rosario plead guilty to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia.
1996: Australia’s worst massacre in modern history, Martin Bryant shoots and kills 35 in Port Arthur, Tasmania.
1999: Death of England World Cup winning manager Sir Alf Ramsey.
2000: Paul Atkinson was jailed for three years after being found guilty of stealing more than £25,000 from Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts. Atkinson had been the manager of an Arabian stud farm owned by Watts.
2006: ABBA’s Bjorn Ulvaeus was accused of avoiding paying 87m Swedish kronor (£6.5m) in taxes on the band’s hit songs and musicals. The Swedish government was demanding he repaid the money.
2008: Scott Weiland, singer with Stone Temple Pilots was sentenced to 192 hours in county jail for a November 2007 drink driving offence.
2013: Andre Agassi recaptures the world no. 1 ranking to become the oldest top-ranked male in the history of the ATP rankings.
2014: Scorpions drummer James Kottak was sentenced to one month in jail in Dubai for offensive behaviour after an incident at Dubai airport on April 3. On the same day, Paul Simon and his wife Edie Brickell in court after being arrested over a domestic dispute.
BIRTHDAYS: Ann Margret (Olson), actress, 79; Mike Brearley, former cricketer, 78; Jay Leno, comedian, 70; Chuck Leavell, keyboards (Allman Brothers Band) 68; Kim Gordon, bassist (Sonic Youth), 67; Eddie Jobson, keyboardist/violinist (Roxy Music/UK), 65; Ian Rankin, novelist, 60; Lady Helen Windsor, 56; John Daly, golfer, 54; Howard Donald, singer (Take That), 52; Diego Simeone, football manager, 50; Penelope Cruz, actress, 46; Vernon Kay, broadcaster, 46; Lauren Laverne, broadcaster, 42; Sir Bradley Wiggins, cycling champion, 40; Jessica Alba, actress, 39; Tom Ogden, singer/guitarist (Blossoms) 27.