1429: Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans.
1587: Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz and sinks the Spanish fleet.
1707: English and Scottish parliaments accept the Act of Union; creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into effect on May 1).
1769: Engineer James Watt patents the steam engine with a separate condenser.
1784: Premier of Mozart’s Sonata in B flat in Vienna.
1852: The first edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus is published.
1862: New Orleans falls to Union forces during the US Civil War.
1864: 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga.
1899: Birth of jazz legend Duke Ellington.in Washington DC.
1901: Birth of Hirohito, 124th Emperor of Japan.
1916: Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising.
1930: The telephone connection between Britain and Australia goes into service.
1940: Norwegian King Haakon and the government flee to Britain.
1945: The Japanese army evacuates Rangoon, Burma. On the same day, US troops liberate 31,601 people from Dachau concentration camp in Germany, German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies and Adolf Hitler marries Eva Braun in the Führerbunker, Berlin.
1946: 28 former Japanese leaders are indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.
1955: Giovanni Gronchi is elected third President of Italy.
1963: Publicist Andrew Oldham and agent Eric Easton signed a management deal with The Rolling Stones after buying the rights to the band’s first recordings for £90. They also persuade keyboard player Ian Stewart to drop out of the line-up and become the band’s road manager, although right up to his death the band insisted that a piano was miked up backstage at every gig for Stewart to play whenever he wished during a show.
1965: The Australian government announces it will send troops to Vietnam.
1967: The 14-hour Technicolour Dream benefit party for The International Times was held at Alexandra Palace featuring Pink Floyd, The Move, Arthur Brown, Yoko Ono and others.
1970: US and South Vietnamese forces launch an incursion into Cambodia.
1974: US President Richard Nixon says he will release edited tapes made in the White House .
1975: The US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war.
1976: After a gig in Memphis, Bruce Springsteen took a cab to Elvis Presley’s Graceland home and proceeded to climb over the wall. A guard took him to be another crank fan and apprehended him.
1977: British Aerospace forms.
1978: P.J. Proby was sacked from his role in the West End stage musical Elvis after repeatedly changing his lines from the script.
1980: Death of director Alfred Hitchcock aged 80.
1981: Elton John paid £14,000 for 232 Goon Show scripts broadcast during the 50s at an auction held at Christie’s. On the same day, Peter Sutcliffe admits he is the Yorkshire Ripper.
1985: Tony Tubbs TKOs Greg Page in Round 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
1990: Cranes begin tearing down the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate.
1992: A jury acquits LA police officers of beating motorist Rodney King, sparking riots in the city.
1993: Guitarist Mick Ronson died from liver cancer aged 46.
1996: Rent, starring Idina Menzel and Taye Diggs opens at the Nederlander Theatre, New York.
1997: Bass guitarist Keith Ferguson of The Fabulous Thunderbirds died of liver failure at the age of 50, due in part to a nearly thirty-year addiction to heroin.
1999: The Avala TV Tower near Belgrade is destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
2011: Wedding of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge at Westminster Abbey.
2012: The International Chemical Weapons Convention deadline for chemical weapon stockpiles comes into effect.
2014: Death of actor Bob Hoskins aged 71.
2015: German measles is declared eradicated from North and South America.
2018: Home Secretary Amber Rudd resigns amid immigration scandal involving the Windrush generation.
BIRTHDAYS: April Stevens, singer, 91; Willie Nelson, country artist/songwriter 87; Klaus Voorman, bassist/artist, 78; Anita Dobson, actress, 71; David Icke, former broadcaster, 68; Bill Drummond (KLF) 67; Jerry Seinfeld, comedian, 66; Kate Mulgrew, actress, 65; Daniel Day Lewis, actor, 63; Michelle Pfeiffer, actress, 62; Phil Tuffnel, former cricketer, 54; Carnie Wilson, singer, 52; Andre Agassi, tennis legend, 50; Uma Thurman, actress, 50; Mike Hogan, bassist (The Cranberries) 47; Kian Egan, singer (Westlife) 40; Tom Smith, singer/musician/songwriter (Editors) 39.