It happened today – this day in history – April 5

456AD: Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.

1424: Scottish king James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court.

1588: Birth of British philosopher Thomas Hobbes.

1603: New English king James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London.

1614: Native American princess Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.

1621: The Mayflower sails from Plymouth.

1722: Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island.

1762: The British take Grenada, West Indies, from the French.

1764: Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies.

1803: First performance of Beethoven’s 2nd Symphony in D.

1806: Isaac Quintard patents apple cider.

1815: Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of being dormant.

1827: Birth of Joseph Lister, pioneer of antiseptic surgery, in West Ham.

1874: Johann Strauss Jr’s opera “Die Fledermaus” premieres in Vienna.

1879: Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru.

1895: Oscar Wilde loses a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices.

1902: Maurice Ravel’s “Pavane pour une infante defunte” premieres in Paris. On the same day, at Ibrox football stadium, home of Glasgow Rangers, a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517.

1904: The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh and Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan.

1908: Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns.

1915: Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in Round 26 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1919: Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann.

1936: Tupelo, Mississippi, birthplace of Elvis Presley the previous year, is virtually annihilated by a tornado in which 216 die.

1939: Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory.

1943: Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman after being adrift for 133 days when British ship SS Benlomond was torpedoed by a German U-boat.

1944: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.

1954: Elvis Presley records his debut single, Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Cruddup’s “That’s All Right (Mama)” at Sun Studios in Memphis.

1955: Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as British prime minister.

1963: The Beatles receive their first silver disc for 250,000 sales of Please Please Me.

1965: Julie Andrews wins the best actress Oscar for Mary Poppins.

1971: Mount Etna erupts in Sicily. On the same day, Lt William Calley is sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre.

1973: Pioneer 11 is launched to Jupiter.

1975: Jockey Tommy Carberry wins the Grand National on L’Escargot.

1976: Harold Wilson resigns and James Callaghan becomes prime minister. On the same day, billionaire recluse Howard Hughes dies aged 76.

1981: Canned Heat singer Bob “The Bear” Hite died of a heart attack aged 36.

1982: Aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes with escort vessels leave Portsmouth for the Falkland Islands. On the same day, Lord Carrington resigns as Foreign Secretary.

1983: Danny Rapp, leader of 50s group Danny and the Juniors committed suicide in a hotel in Arizona by shooting himself.

1986: Richard Dunwoody wins the Grand National on West Tip.

1991: The US begins air drops to Kurdish refugees in Northern Iraq.

1992: Serbian troops besiege Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, which would become the longest siege in modern warfare.

1994: Nirvana leader Kurt Cobain committed suicide by shooting himself in the head at his home in Seattle. His body was discovered three days later by an electrician.

1995: Monika Dannerman, one time girlfriend of Jimi Hendrix, committed suicide two days after losing a court battle with another of the guitarist’s ex-lovers.

1997: Death of beat poet Allen Ginsberg aged 70.

1998: Drummer Cozy Powell (Colin Flooks) was killed when his car smashed into crash barriers on the M4 motorway near Bristol. On the same day, France thrashes Wales, 51-0 at Wembley Stadium or it’s second straight Five Nations Rugby Championship and Grand Slam.

2002: Singer Layne Staley of Alice in Chains was found dead from a mixture of heroin and cocaine at his home. The body was badly decomposed and had to be identified from dental records.

2005: Author Saul Bellow dies aged 89.

2006: Singer Gene Pitney was found dead aged 65 in his bed in a Cardiff hotel.

2008: Death of actor Charlton Heston aged 84.

2012: Jim Marshall, inventor of the Marshall amplifier died at a hospice in London, aged 88.

2018: Darts champion Eric Bristow dies from a heart attack aged 60. On the same day, free jazz pianist Cecil Taylor dies aged 89.

BIRTHDAYS: Colin Powell, former US Secretary of State, 83; Peter Greenaway, director, 78; Alan Clarke, singer (The Hollies) 78; Jane Asher, actress, 74; Agnetha Faltskog, singer (ABBA), 70; Mitch Pileggi, actor, 68; Stan Ridgeway, musician, 66; Janice Long, broadcaster, 65; Mike McCready, guitarist (Pearl Jam) 55; Paula Cole, singer, 52; Pharrell Williams, singer/songwriter/producer, 47; John Hartson, football pundit, 45; Hayley Attwell, actress, 38; Lily James, actress, 31.

Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]