456AD: Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
1424: Scottish king James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court.
1588: Birth of British philosopher Thomas Hobbes.
1603: New English king James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London.
1614: Native American princess Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
1621: The Mayflower sails from Plymouth.
1722: Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island.
1762: The British take Grenada, West Indies, from the French.
1764: Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies.
1803: First performance of Beethoven’s 2nd Symphony in D.
1806: Isaac Quintard patents apple cider.
1815: Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of being dormant.
1827: Birth of Joseph Lister, pioneer of antiseptic surgery, in West Ham.
1874: Johann Strauss Jr’s opera “Die Fledermaus” premieres in Vienna.
1879: Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru.
1895: Oscar Wilde loses a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices.
1902: Maurice Ravel’s “Pavane pour une infante defunte” premieres in Paris. On the same day, at Ibrox football stadium, home of Glasgow Rangers, a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517.
1904: The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh and Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan.
1908: Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns.
1915: Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in Round 26 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1919: Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann.
1936: Tupelo, Mississippi, birthplace of Elvis Presley the previous year, is virtually annihilated by a tornado in which 216 die.
1939: Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory.
1943: Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman after being adrift for 133 days when British ship SS Benlomond was torpedoed by a German U-boat.
1944: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
1954: Elvis Presley records his debut single, Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Cruddup’s “That’s All Right (Mama)” at Sun Studios in Memphis.
1955: Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as British prime minister.
1963: The Beatles receive their first silver disc for 250,000 sales of Please Please Me.
1965: Julie Andrews wins the best actress Oscar for Mary Poppins.
1971: Mount Etna erupts in Sicily. On the same day, Lt William Calley is sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre.
1973: Pioneer 11 is launched to Jupiter.
1975: Jockey Tommy Carberry wins the Grand National on L’Escargot.
1976: Harold Wilson resigns and James Callaghan becomes prime minister. On the same day, billionaire recluse Howard Hughes dies aged 76.
1981: Canned Heat singer Bob “The Bear” Hite died of a heart attack aged 36.
1982: Aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes with escort vessels leave Portsmouth for the Falkland Islands. On the same day, Lord Carrington resigns as Foreign Secretary.
1983: Danny Rapp, leader of 50s group Danny and the Juniors committed suicide in a hotel in Arizona by shooting himself.
1986: Richard Dunwoody wins the Grand National on West Tip.
1991: The US begins air drops to Kurdish refugees in Northern Iraq.
1992: Serbian troops besiege Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, which would become the longest siege in modern warfare.
1994: Nirvana leader Kurt Cobain committed suicide by shooting himself in the head at his home in Seattle. His body was discovered three days later by an electrician.
1995: Monika Dannerman, one time girlfriend of Jimi Hendrix, committed suicide two days after losing a court battle with another of the guitarist’s ex-lovers.
1997: Death of beat poet Allen Ginsberg aged 70.
1998: Drummer Cozy Powell (Colin Flooks) was killed when his car smashed into crash barriers on the M4 motorway near Bristol. On the same day, France thrashes Wales, 51-0 at Wembley Stadium or it’s second straight Five Nations Rugby Championship and Grand Slam.
2002: Singer Layne Staley of Alice in Chains was found dead from a mixture of heroin and cocaine at his home. The body was badly decomposed and had to be identified from dental records.
2005: Author Saul Bellow dies aged 89.
2006: Singer Gene Pitney was found dead aged 65 in his bed in a Cardiff hotel.
2008: Death of actor Charlton Heston aged 84.
2012: Jim Marshall, inventor of the Marshall amplifier died at a hospice in London, aged 88.
2018: Darts champion Eric Bristow dies from a heart attack aged 60. On the same day, free jazz pianist Cecil Taylor dies aged 89.
BIRTHDAYS: Colin Powell, former US Secretary of State, 83; Peter Greenaway, director, 78; Alan Clarke, singer (The Hollies) 78; Jane Asher, actress, 74; Agnetha Faltskog, singer (ABBA), 70; Mitch Pileggi, actor, 68; Stan Ridgeway, musician, 66; Janice Long, broadcaster, 65; Mike McCready, guitarist (Pearl Jam) 55; Paula Cole, singer, 52; Pharrell Williams, singer/songwriter/producer, 47; John Hartson, football pundit, 45; Hayley Attwell, actress, 38; Lily James, actress, 31.