It happened today – this day in history – April 6

46BC: Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato in the Battle of Thapsus.

1199: Death of Richard I.

1320: Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.

1483: Birth of painter Raphael in Urbino, Italy.

1520: Painter Raphael dies on his 37th birthday.

1652: Cape Colony, the first European settlement in South Africa, is established by the Dutch East India Company under Jan van Riebeeck.

1671: Birth of French playwright/poet Jean-Baptiste Rousseau.

1672: France declares war on The Netherlands.

1722: Tsar Peter The Great of Russia ends tax on men with beards.

1757: George II dismisses William Pitt the Elder, Secretary of State for the Southern Department.

1843: William Wordsworth is appointed Poet Laureate by Queen Victoria.

1862: Union forces defeat the Confederacy near Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, in the Battle of Shiloh.

1889: George Eastman begins selling his Kodak flexible rolled film.

1893: Andy Bowen and Jack Burke box for 7hrs 19mins to no decision over 111 rounds.

1900: James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in Round 1 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1909: Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reach the north pole.

1916: The German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare.

1917: The US declares war on Germany.

1919: Bavaria proclaims itself a Soviet republic.

1941: Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces.

1945: Nazis begin evacuating prisoners from Buchenwald concentration camp. On the same day, the Dutch city of Coevorden is freed from German occupation by Canadian forces.

1952: Sam Snead wins his second green jacket at the US Masters in Augusta.

1958: Golfer Arnold Palmer wins his first of four US Masters titles.

1965: The Beach Boys go into the United Western Recorders recording studio complex in Hollywood to start work on a new Brian Wilson and Mike Love song California Girls. They record 44 takes of the backing track until Brian is satisfied. In future he would use the Wrecking Crew of top session musicians including Hal Blaine and Carol Kane, bringing in the band for vocals only.

1966: The Beatles begin sessions for what will become the Revolver album at EMI Studios, Abbey Road with the recording of the basic track of a new song John Lennon had written a few days earlier – the groundbreaking Tomorrow Never Knows.

1967: The first master tape of The Beatles’ Sgt Pepper album is completed. The song order on side one is different from the final record at this point with She’s Leaving Home as the side’s closing track.

1968: Dozens of major cities in the United States are rocked by an escalation in race riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King. On the same day, Cliff Richard comes second in the Eurovision Song Contest at the Royal Albert Hall, London, singing Congratulations. Also, Pink Floyd announce that songwriter Syd Barrett has left the group.

1971: The Rolling Stones launch their own record label through Atlantic Records. On the same day, composer Igor Stravinsky dies aged 88.

1972: Egypt ceases diplomatic relations with Jordan. On the same day, The Scarman Tribunal Report, an inquiry into the causes of violence during the summer of 1969 in N Ireland, is published, finding that the Royal Ulster Constabulary had been seriously at fault.


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1973: NASA launches the Pioneer 11 probe to study Jupiter and Saturn.

1974: A quarter of a million people attend the California Jam festival featuring ELP, Black Sabbath, Deep Purple and The Eagles. On the same day, ABBA win the Eurovision Song Contest in Brighton with “Waterloo”.

1975: A plane carrying 99 Vietnamese orphans lands at Heathrow airport. On the same day, former Chinese political and military leader Chiang Kai-shek dies aged 87.

Singles chart:

  1. Bye Bye Baby – The Bay City Rollers
  2. Fox On The Run – The Sweet
  3. There’s A Whole Lot Of Loving – Guys and Dolls
  4. The Funky Gibbon – The Goodies
  5. Fancy Pants – Kenny
  6. Girls – Moments and Whatnauts
  7. Swing Your Daddy – Jim Gilstrap
  8. Love Me Love My Dog – Peter Shelley
  9. I Can Do It – The Rubettes
  10. Play Me Like You Play Your Guitar – Duane Eddy
1975: 10cc – The Original Soundtrack

Album chart:

  1. 20 Greatest Hits – Tom Jones
  2. Young Americans – David Bowie
  3. Best Of – The Stylistics
  4. Straight Shooter – Bad Company
  5. The Singles Album – Shirley Bassey
  6. Blue Jays – Justin Hayward and John Lodge
  7. Greatest Hits – Elton John
  8. The Original Soundtrack – 10cc
  9. Physical Graffiti – Led Zeppelin
  10. Tubular Bells – Mike Oldfield

1979: Rod Stewart marries Alana Hamilton in Beverly Hills, California.

1985: Singer-songwriter Gilbert O’Sullivan wins a lawsuit against manager Gordon Mills for unpaid royalties and is awarded £2 million.

1987: Lawyers for Roger Waters issue a statement that their client believes himself to be the creative driving force behind Pink Floyd and therefore would contest the use of the name by any other members of the band.

On TV (Monday)


THAMES

06.15TV-am

07.00Good Morning Britain

09.00After Nine

09.25Thames News

09.50Beyond 2000

10.40Struggle Beneath the Sea

11.05Who Wants to be a Hero?

11.30About Britain

12.00Foxtales

12.10Let’s Pretend

12.30Doctors and Patients

13.00ITN News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30Blacke’s Magic

15.25Thames News

15.30The Young Doctors

16.00Tickle on the Tum

16.10Batfink

16.15Ragdolly Anna

16.30The Dodo Club

16.45Dramarama

17.15Knight Rider

17.45ITN News

18.00Thames News

18.25Help!

18.35Crossroads

19.00Watching You Watching Us

19.30Coronation Street
Deirdre is having second thoughts about her decision to stand for the council.


20.00What’s My Line?

20.30World In Action

21.00Prospects
Gary Olsen and Billy Pearson play a street-wise pair, always trying to make a penny or three in the Enterprise Zone of London’s Docklands


22.00ITN News at Ten

22.30The Super Fight Preview
Setting the scene for the richest fight in boxing history between Marvin Hagler and Sugar Ray Leonard tomorrow.


22.40The New Avengers

23.40Promised and Piecrust


CHANNEL 4

14.30The Late Late Show

15.30Generations

16.00Mavis on 4

16.30Countdown

17.00Hogan’s Heroes

17.30The Abbott And Costello Show

18.00Pictures in the Mind

19.00Channel 4 News

19.50Comment

20.00Brookside

20.30Chateauvallon – Fortune and Power

21.30Rude Health

22.00Hill Street Blues

22.55The Eleventh Hour

23.50The Taking of Samiland


BBC ONE

06.00Ceefax AM

06.55Weather

07.00Breakfast Time
with Frank Bough, Sally Magnusson and Jeremy Paxman


08.40Watchdog
Lynn Faulds Wood and John Stapleton with Britain’s liveliest consumer show


08.55Regional News and Weather

09.00News and Weather

09.05Day to Day

09.45Parent Programme

10.00News and Weather

10.05Neighbours

10.25Children’s BBC

10.30Play School

10.50Paddington

10.55Five to Eleven

11.00News and Weather

11.05The Pennine Challenge
BBC North challenges four young people to walk the Pennine Way – 270 wild and rugged miles from the Peak District to the Scottish border.


11.35Open Air
with Bob Wellings and Eamonn Holmes


12.00News and Weather

12.20The Tom O’Connor Roadshow

12.55Regional News and Weather

13.00One O’Clock News

13.25Neighbours

13.50Hokey Cokey

14.05Ironside
Raymond Burr stars as wheelchair-bound detective Robert T. Ironside.


14.55Music Match

15.25Valerie

15.50Children’s BBC

16.10Lassie

16.30The Mysterious Cities of Gold

16.55John Craven’s Newsround

17.05Blue Peter
with Janet Ellis Mark Curry and Caron Keating.


17.35Snooker: Taylor Made
Dennis Taylor travels back to his native Northern Ireland to the Antrim Forum, where, in front of an invited audience, he encourages some volunteers to become more skilful snooker players.


18.00Six O’Clock News

18.35London Plus

19.00Wogan

19.40Head of the Class

20.05Wildlife on One
Narrated by David Attenborough.


20.30Don’t Wait Up

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.30Panorama
Chernobyl – ‘Nobody Thought it Could Happen’


22.10Film: The Amsterdam Kill (1977)
Crime thriller starring Robert Mitchum


23.40Weather


BBC TWO

06.55Open University

08.55The Week in the Lords

09.35Pages from Ceefax

13.35Sign Extra

14.00News and Weather

14.02Royal Institution Christmas Lectures

15.00News and Weather

15.03Jacob Bronowski: Life and Legacy

15.50News and Weather

16.00The World of the 30s

16.25100 Great Sporting Moments

16.30Pamela Armstrong

17.05My Music

17.30Did You See..?

18.00Film: Sky Heist (1975)
A master criminal engineers a daring and ingenious theft of$10,000,000 in gold bullion.


19.35Goodbye London Aerodrome

20.10Horizon

21.00French and Saunders

21.30Moonlighting
Comedy crime series starring Cybill Shepherd and Bruce Willis


22.20Open Space

22.50Newsnight

23.35Weatherview

23.40Telejournal

1989: The government announces it is to abolish legislation which guarantees work for more than 9,000 dockers.

1991: Diego Maradona is suspended for 15 months by the Italian football league after testing positive for cocaine.

1992: Russian scientist and sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov dies aged 72.

1994: The Rwandan genocide begins with the assassination of Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira when their plane is shot down by surface-to-air missiles, abruptly ending peace negotiations.

1996: Actress Greer Garson dies aged 92.

1997: NASA brings home the space shuttle Columbia 12 days early amid fears over a defective fuel cell.

1998: Wendy O. Williams former singer of The Plasmatics dies from self-inflicted gunshot wounds. On the same day, country singer Tammy Wynette dies aged 55.

2000: Eighties pop star Steve Strange lead singer of Visage – is arrested after stealing a £10.99 Teletubbies doll in Bridgend, south Wales.

2002: France beats Ireland 44-5 at Stade de France, Saint Denis to complete a Grand Slam and win the Six Nations Rugby Championship; their 13th title. On the same day, Jim Culloty wins the Grand National on Bindaree.

2004: Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.

2005: Death of Prince Ranier III of Monaco aged 81.

2006: Eminem files for divorce from his high school sweetheart Kim less than three months after the couple re-married.

2012: Model Heidi Klum divorces singer-songwriter Seal.

2014: Actor Mickey Rooney dies aged 93.

2016: Singer-songwriter Merle Haggard dies on his 79th birthday of complications from pneumonia at his home in California.

2020: The British Open Men’s Golf Championship is cancelled for the first time since the Second World War due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

2021: Jeff Bezos tops the Forbes billionaires list with a fortune of $177billion. On the same day, a copy of Action Comics #1, that introduced Superman for the first time, sells at auction for a record breaking $3.25milion.

2022: A military Tribunal in Ouagadougou convicts former Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré in absentia of the 1987 killing of his predecessor Thomas Sankara.

Rory Bremner

BIRTHDAYS: Billy Dee (William December) Williams, actor, 87; Barry Levinson, director/screenwriter, 82; John Ratzenberger, actor, 77; Gorgon Giltrap, guitarist, 76; Marilu (Mary Lucy) Henner, actress, 72; Christopher Franke, musician (Tangerine Dream) 71; Michael Rooker, actor, 69; Rory Bremner, impressionist, 63; Stan Cullimore, guitarist (The Housemartins) 62; Black Francis/Frank Black (Charles Michael Kittridge Thompson IV), singer-songwriter/guitarist (Pixies) 59; Paul Rudd, actor, 55; Gina Yashere, comedian, 51; Zach Braff, actor/director/screenwriter, 49; Myleene Klass, pianist/singer (Hear’Say) 46; Robert Earnshaw, footballer, 43; Fabrice Muamba, footballer, 36; Oscar Piastri, Formula 1 driver, 23.

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