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1724: Bach’s “St John Passion” premieres in Leipzig.
1739: Highwayman Dick Turpin is executed for horse theft.
1770: Birth of poet William Wordsworth in Cockermouth, Cumbria.
1805: Premiere of Beethoven’s “Eroica”, conducted by the composer himself.
1827: Chemist John Walker invents wooden matches.
1891: Circus promoter and showman P T Barnum dies aged 80.
1896: Australian Teddy Flack wins Gold in the first Olympic 1500m final at the Olympics in Athens.
1906: Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
1921: Revolutionary Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China.
1923: The first brain tumour operation under local anesthetic performed in New York.
1926: Benito Mussolini is shot at three times by Violet Gibson in Rome. He is hit once, in the nose.
1939: Italy invades Albania.
1947: Industrialist Henry Ford dies aged 83.
1948: The World Health Organization formed by the United Nations.
1951: Golfer Ben Hogan wins the US Masters. On the same day, only three of 36 runners finish the Grand National, which is won by John Bullock on 40/1 ride Nickel Coin.
1959: Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years.
1962: Mick Jagger and Keith Richards meet Brian Jones for the first time at Ealing Jazz Club.
1963: Jack Nicklaus wins the first of his record six Green Jackets at the US Masters in Augusta, Georgia.
1966: The US recovers a lost H-bomb from the Mediterranean floor.
1968: Formula 1 driver Jim Clark is killed in a race accident at Hockenheim, Germany.
1970: John Wayne wins best actor Oscar for his role as Rooster Cogburn in True Grit. Maggie Smith wins for best actress in The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie.
1971: President Richard Nixon orders that Lt William Calley be released from prison and subject to house arrest.
1972: Three members of the IRA die in a premature bomb explosion in Belfast.
1976: The Chinese Politburo fires vice-premier Deng Xiaoping.
1981: Former manager of The Who, Kit Lambert, died of a cerebral hemorrhage after falling down a flight of stairs at his mother’s home in London.
1983: Oldest human skeleton, aged 80,000 years, discovered in Egypt.
1985: Wham! became the first western pop group to perform live in China, when they played at the workers gymnasium in Beijing.
1988: Russia announces it will withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
1994: Lee Brilleaux singer, harmonica player and founding member of Dr Feelgood, died of throat cancer aged 41.
1998: George Michael was arrested at The Will Rogers Memorial Park, Beverly Hills, for committing a sex act in a public toilet.
2000: South African cricket captain Hansie Cronje is charged by Delhi police with fixing One Day International matches against India.
2003: US troops capture Baghdad.
2013: Veteran producer and engineer Andy Johns died aged 61..
2014: Death of Peaches Geldof, daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates aged 25 from a heroin overdose
2017: Donald Trump orders a missile strike on a Syrian airfield after chemical weapons attack on Khan Sheikhoun.
BIRTHDAYS: Francis Ford Coppola, director, 81; Martin Lewis, newsreader, 75; Florian Schneider, musician (Kraftwerk) 73; John Oates, guitarist, 71; Janis Ian, singer-songwriter, 69; Jackie Chan, actor, 66; Russell Crowe, actor, 56; Kevin Alejandro, actor, 44; Duncan James, singer (Blue) 41; Anne-Marie (Nicholson), singer, 29.