1413: Henry V is crowned King of England.
1483: Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard.
1553: Death of French author Francois Rabelais aged 49.
1626: Death of Francis Bacon, statesman and philosopher aged 65.
1747: Simon Fraser, 12th Baron Lovat Jacobite, is the last man beheaded in England.
1806: Birth of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel in Portsmouth.
1838: The National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square.
1865: Confederate General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S Grant.
1882: British poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti dies aged 53.
1894: First performance of Anton Bruckner’s 5th Symphony in B in Graz.
1896: Australian athlete Edwin Flack claims the middle distance double at the first modern Olympics in Athens, winning the 800m final.
1917: Vimy Ridge in France is stormed by Canadian troops.
1918: Latvia proclaims independence.
1928: Mae West makes her New York debut in a daring new play “Diamond Lil”.
1940: Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle.
1942: US-Filipino forces are overwhelmed by the Japanese at Bataan.
1954: Singles chart:
- I See The Moon – Stargazers
- The Happy Wanderer – The Obernkirchen Cildren’s Choir
- Don’t Laugh At Me (‘Cause I’m A Fool) – Norman Wisdom
- Changing Partners – Kay Starr
- Secret Love – Doris Day
- Bell Bottom Blues – Alma Cogan
- The Book – David Whitfield
- Oh Mein Papa – Eddie Calvert
- Grenada – Frankie Laine
- Such A Night – Johnnie Ray
1959: NASA names America’s first 7 astronauts for Project Mercury. On the same day, architect Frank Lloyd Wright dies aged 89.
1960: South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt despite being shot twice in the face.
1962: Arnold Palmer wins the third of his 4 Masters titles in an 18 hole Monday playoff with Gary Player at Augusta. On the same day, “West Side Story” wins eight Oscars including best picture and best director at the Academy Awards. Star Rita Moreno wins for best supporting actress.
1963: Winston Churchill becomes the USA’s first honorary citizen.
1966: Actress Sophia Loren marries director Carlo Ponti in Paris.
1969: First flight of Concorde 002 at Filton, Bristol. On the same day, Sikh busmen in Wolverhampton win the right to wear turbans on duty after a long-running campaign.
1976: The president of the Young Liberals, Peter Hain, is acquitted of robbing a branch of Barclays bank. On the same day, singer-songwriter Phil Ochs hangs himself at his sister’s home in Queen’s, New York.
1978: Gary Player shoots a record-tying final round 64 (−8) to win the Masters.
1979: The Deer Hunter wins the Oscar for best picture.
1984: About 100 pickets are arrested during violent clashes with police outside two working coal pits in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.
1988: Dave Prater of soul duo Sam & Dave is killed when his car leaves the road and hits a tree in Syracuse, Georgia. On the same day, singer Brook Benton dies aged 56.
1989: Nick Faldo wins the Masters for the first time.
1991: Record producer Martin Hannett, best known for his work with Joy Division, dies.
1992: John Major is elected prime minister after the Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history.
1997: Songwriter Mae Boren Axton dies aged 82 in her bath.
1999: The president of Niger, Ibrahim Bare Mainassara, is shot dead in a coup attempt.
2002: More than a million people line the streets for the funeral of The Queen Mother.
2003: US troops roll into the Iraqi capital Baghdad as the regime of Saddam Hussein is toppled.
2005: The Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker-Bowles in a civil ceremony.
2006: Phil Mickelson wins his third US Masters.
- Ringleader Of The Tormentors – Morrissey
- Collected: The Best Of – Massive Attack
- I’m Not Dead – Pink
- This New Day – Embrace
- Inside In/Inside Out – Kooks
- At War With The Mystics – Flaming Lips
- In Between Dreams – Jack Johnson
- Corinne Bailey Rae – Corinne Bailey Rae
- Journey South – Journey South
- The Impossible Dream – Andy Abraham
2018: Fleetwood Mac announce that Lindsey Buckingham has been fired from the band and would be replaced on tour by Crowded House’s Neil Finn and guitarist Mike Campbell from Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers.
BIRTHDAYS: Jean-Paul Belmondo, actor, 88; Valerie Singleton, broadcaster, 84; Hannah Gordon, actress, 80; Steve Gadd, drummer, 72; Sorcha Cusack, actress, 72; Dennis Quaid, actor, 67; Iain Duncan Smith MP, politician, 67; Mark Kelly, keyboardist, (Marillion) 60; Marc Jacobs, fashion designer, 58; Joe (Charles) Scarborough, TV host/former US politician, 58; Cynthia Nixon, actress, 55; Robbie Fowler, former footballer, 46; Gerard Way, singer-songwriter (My Chemical Romance) 44; Rachel Stevens, singer (S Club 7) 43; Albert Hammond Jr, guitarist (The Strokes) 41; Jay Baruchel, actor, 39; Leighton Meester, actress, 35; Kristen Stewart, actress, 31; Elle (Mary) Fanning, actress, 23.