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1413: Henry V is crowned King of England.
1483: Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard.
1553: Death of French author Francois Rabelais aged 49.
1626: Death of Francis Bacon, statesman and philosopher aged 65.
1747: Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, is the last man beheaded in England.
1806: Birth of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel in Portsmouth.
1838: The National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square.
1865: Confederate General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S Grant.
1882: British poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti dies aged 53.
1894: First performance of Anton Bruckner’s 5th Symphony in B in Graz.
1896: Australian athlete Edwin Flack claims the middle distance double at the first modern Olympics in Athens, winning the 800m final.
1917: Vimy Ridge in France is stormed by Canadian troops.
1918: Latvia proclaims independence.
1928: Mae West makes her New York debut in a daring new play “Diamond Lil”.
1940: Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle.
1959: NASA names America’s first 7 astronauts for Project Mercury. On the same day, architect Frank Lloyd Wright dies aged 89.
1960: South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt despite being shot twice in the face.
1962: Arnold Palmer wins the third of his 4 Masters titles in an 18 hole Monday playoff with Gary Player at Augusta. On the same day, “West Side Story” wins the best picture Oscar at the Academy Awards. Star Rita Moreno wins for best supporting actress.
1963: Winston Churchill becomes the USA’s first honorary citizen.
1966: Actress Sophia Loren marries director Carlo Ponti in Paris.
1969: First flight of Concorde 002 at Filton, Bristol.
1976: Folk singer/songwriter Phil Ochs, committed suicide at his sister’s home in Queen’s, New York.
1978: Gary Player shoots a record-tying final round 64 (−8) to win the Masters.
1979: The Deer Hunter wins the Oscar for best picture.
1988: Dave Prater of soul duo Sam & Dave was killed when his car left the road and hit a tree in Syracuse, Georgia. He was 50. On the same day, singer Brook Benton died aged 56.
1989: Nick Faldo wins the Masters for the first time.
1991: Record producer Martin Hannett, best known for his work with Joy Division, died.
1992: John Major is elected prime minister after the Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history.
2002: More than a million people line the streets for the funeral of The Queen Mother.
2005: HRH The Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles, who becomes Duchess of Cornwall.
2006: Phil Mickelson wins his third US Masters.
2009: Bay City Rollers manager Tam Paton died in the bath of a suspected heart attack at his Edinburgh home.
BIRTHDAYS: Jean-Paul Belmondo, actor, 87; Valerie Singleton, broadcaster, 83; Hannah Gordon, actress, 79; Steve Gadd, drummer, 71; Dennis Quaid, actor, 66; Iain Duncan Smith, politician, 66; Mark Kelly, keyboardist (Marillion) 59; Cynthia Nixon, actress, 54; Robbie Fowler, former footballer, 45; Gerard Way, singer (My Chemical Romance) 43; Rachel Stevens, singer, (S Club 7) 42; Albert Hammond Jr, guitarist (The Strokes) 40; Jay Baruchel, actor, 38; Kristen Stewart, actress, 30; Elle Fanning, actress, 22.