It happened today – this day in history – August 10

991: The English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex.

1497: Explorer John Cabot tells King Henry VII of his trip to “Asia” (it was North America).

1500: Portuguese captain Diego Diaz is the first European to sight Madagascar.

1653: The English fleet beats Dutch at the Battle of Scheveningen.

1675: Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich.

1759: Carlos III is crowned King of Spain.

1787: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his chamber piece “Eine kleine Nachtmusik”.

1792: A large scale insurrection against the French monarchy occurs in Paris.

1793: The Louvre officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts.

1809: Ecuador declares independence from Spain.

1827: Race riots in Cincinnati.

1893: Rudolph Diesel’s prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, runs on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany.

1897: German chemist Felix Hoffman first synthesizes acetylsalicylic acid, which would later be patened by his company Bayer under the name “aspirin”. On the same day, the RAC is established.

1907: Prince Scipone Borchesi wins the Beijing to Paris, 7,500 mile auto rally.

1911: The Parliament Act reduces the power of the House of Lords. On the same day, the House of Commons votes on a salary of £400pa for its members.

1920: The Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania. On the same day, the Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel.

1921: Franklin D Roosevelt is stricken with a paralytic illness at his summer home on the Canadian island of Campobello. At the time it was thought to be polio, but could have been Guillain–Barré syndrome.

1942: General Bernard Montgomery is appointed commander of the British 8th Army in North Africa.

1943: Adolf Hitler watches the lynching of captured allied pilots.

1944: Race riots in Athens, Alabama. On the same day, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese.

1945: Japan announces a willingness to surrender to the Allies, provided Emperor Hirohito’s status remains unchanged.

1949: Ezzard Charles TKOs Gus Lesnevich in Round 8 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1954: Sir Gordon Richards retires as a jockey with a record 4,870 wins.

1956: Singles chart:

  1. Que Sera Sera – Doris Day
  2. Walk Hand In Hand – Tony Martin
  3. Why Do Fools Fall IN Love – Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers
  4. Mountain Greenery – Mel Torme
  5. Sweet Old Fashioned Girl – Teresa Brewer
  6. Heartbreak Hotel – Elvis Presley
  7. I’ll Be Home – Pat Boone
  8. All Star Hit Parade (EP) – Various Artistrs
  9. Who Are We – Ronnie Hilton
  10. The Wayward Wind – Tex Ritter

1958: Album chart: (Top 5 only until November)

  1. My Fair Lady – Original Broadway Cast
  2. South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
  3. Lonnie – Lonnie Donegan
  4. This Is Sinatra Volume 2 – Frank Sinatra
  5. We Get Letters Volume 2 – Perry Como

1959: Four members of The Platters are arrested after a gig in Cincinnati after being found with four 19 year old women in various stages of undress.

1960: Discoverer 13 is launched into orbit and becomes the first object to return from space. On the same day, the Alfred Hitchcock thriller Psycho premieres in LA.

1961: The UK applies for membership of the European Common Market.

1964: The United Nations brokers another ceasefire in Cyprus, defusing a growing military crisis and heading off the threat of invasion by Turkey.


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1966: NASA launches Lunar Orbiter 1 to the Moon to photograph the lunar surface. On the same day, the only known case of a meteor entering Earth’s atmosphere and leaving it again.

1968: Race riots in Miami, Chicago and Little Rock, Arkensas.

1970: Elvis Presley plays the first night of a four-week engagement at The International Hotel in Las Vegas. On the same day, Jim Morrison’s trial for “lewd and lascivious behaviour” begins in Miami and Home Secretary Reginald Maulding threatens to impose direct rule on Northern Ireland if the agreed reform measures are not carried out.

1971: During the internment round-up operation in west Belfast, the Parachute Regiment kills 11 unarmed civilians in what became known as the Ballymurphy massacre.

1972: Paul and Linda McCartney are arrested in Sweden for possession of marijuana. On the same day, Finland’s Lasse Virén wraps up the 5,000/10,000m double at the Munich Olympics.

1975: Jack Nicklaus wins the PGA Championship. On the same day, David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview Richard Nixon.

1976: A Provisional IRA volunteer is shot dead by the British Army as he drove out of control through Belfast and killed three children.

1977: Liverpool sign Kenny Dalglish from Celtic for £440,000. On the same day, The Queen visits Northern Ireland for the first time in 11 years as part of her Silver Jubilee tour. On the same day, postal employee David Berkowitz is arrested in Yonkers NY, accused of being the serial killer “Son of Sam”.

1984: Mary Decker and Zola Budd collide during the 3,000m at the LA Olympics.

1985: Simon Le Bon of Duran Duran is airlifted to safety when his boat ‘Drum’ overturns while racing off the south coast. On the same day, Michael Jackson buys ATV Music, which includes The Beatles catalogue, for $47million.

1987: Soul singer Wilson Pickett is found guilty by a New Jersey court of possessing a shotgun with intent to endanger life following a fight in a bar.

1988: Scientists fear a disease which has killed more than 6,000 seals in the North Sea and the Baltic has reached British waters.

1990: NASA space probe Magellan starts mapping the planet Venus. On the same day, more than 127 Muslims are massacred in North East Sri Lanka by paramilitaries.

1993: An earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter Scale hits the South Island of New Zealand.

1994: The last British troops leave Hong Kong after 153 years.

1999: Oasis rhythm guitarist Paul ‘Bonehead’ Arthur’s quits the band after finishing his guitar parts on their new album.

2001: Former Conservative MP Neil Hamilton and wife Christine strenuously deny allegations they carried out a serious sexual assault. On the same day, the US and UK reject a proposal by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to permit the Iraqi government to use $1billion per year to fund infrastructure improvements and increase oil production capacity.

2002: Lisa Marie Presley marries actor Nicolas Cage in Hawaii.

2003: Britain records its hottest-ever day with temperatures above 100F, jamming roads and packing beaches across the country.

2006: Scotland Yard disrupts a major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the UK to the US. All toiletries are banned from commercial aircraft.

2007: TV presenter Tony Wilson, the music mogul behind some of Manchester’s most successful bands dies aged 57 from kidney cancer.

2008: Singer-songwriter Isaac Hayes dies aged 65 at his home in Memphis.

2013: Singer Eydie Gorme dies at the age of 84. On the same day, the Athletics World Championships open at Moscow.

2014: Rory McIlroy wins the PGA Championship.

2017: US President Donald Trump declares opioid addiction a national emergency. On the same day, Taylor Swift testifies in court in Denver that DJ David Mueller groped her while they posed for a photograph and a 100 year-old fruit cake by Huntley & Palmers is deemed “almost eatable” after being discovered in a hut used by Captain Robert Scott’s expedition in Antarctica.

2018: Omarosa Manigault Newman, former aide to US President Donald Trump, releases taped recordings of her firing from The White House.

2019: Financier Jeffrey Epstein is found dead in his jail cell in New York, while awaiting trail for sex trafficking charges.

BIRTHDAYS: Baroness Butler-Sloss, judge, 88; Ian Anderson, singer-songwriter/flautist/guitarist (Jethro Tull) 74; Ronnie (Veronica) Spector, singer, 74; Patti Austin, singer, 71; Rosanna Arquette, actress, 62; Antonio (José) Banderas, actor, 61; Jon Farriss drummer, (INXS) 60; Julia Fordham, singer-songwriter, 59; Justin Theroux, actor/screenwriter, 50; Roy Keane, footballer/pundit, 50; Lawrence Dallaglio, rugby player, 49; Angie Harmon, actress, 49; Devon Aoki, actress/model, 39; Ryan Eggold, actor, 37; Bernardo Silva, footballer, 27; Kylie Jenner, model, 24.