- It happened today – this day in history – October 27 - 27/10/2021
- It happened today – this day in history – October 26 - 26/10/2021
- It happened today – this day in history – October 25 - 25/10/2021
1492: Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI.
1597: Germany throws out English sales people.
1786: Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
1858: First ascent of the Eiger in the Swiss Alps.
1863: Cambodia becomes a French protectorate.
1896: Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain.
1908: Edward VII meets with his cousin, Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany – the main point of contention is the increasing size of the German navy.
1914: Animation is patented by John Bray.
1934: The first federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
1940: German air raid on Dorset ports Portland and Weymouth.
1942: The SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz, Poland.
1944: Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Italy.
1945: The Allies refuse Japan’s offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status.
1950: Ethel Rosenberg testifies before a grand jury in the US on allegations of spying for the Soviet Union.
1952: Hussein Ibn Talal I, is proclaimed King of Jordan.
1954: A formal peace treaty ends over seven years of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh.
1956: Abstract artist Jackson Pollack dies in a car crash.
1960: Chad declares Independence from France.
1962: Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes the third Russian in space aboard Vostok 3.
1963: Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa.
1964: The Beatles begin recording their fourth album Beatles For Sale at EMI studios, Abbey Road.
1965: Six days of rioting starts in the Watts area of Los Angeles.
1966: At a press conference in Chicago, a visibly uncomfortable John Lennon apologises for his comments in a British newspaper interview where he said The Beatles were bigger than Jesus.
1967: Beginning of the three-day Reading Festival featuring The Small Faces, The ,Move, Pink Floyd, Amen Corner, Donovan, Jeff Beck and Cream.
1968: The Beatles launch the Apple Records label. On the same day, last main-line steam passenger train service runs in Britain.
1970: Two RUC officers are killed by the IRA when they set off a booby trap bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, Co Armagh.
1971: Prime Minister Edward Heath steers the British yachting team to Admiral’s Cup victory at the helm of his yacht Morning Cloud.
1972: Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they are transporting explodes prematurely.
1974: Lee Trevino wins the PGA Men’s Golf Championship.
1978: The funeral of Pope Paul VI is held at the Vatican.
1979: Led Zeppelin play their last ever UK show when they appear at Knebworth House, Stevenage.
1982: East End gangsters Ronnie and Reggie Kray have been allowed out of prison for their mother Violet’s funeral in Chingford.
1984: Carl Lewis matches Jesse Owens’ 1936 feat by winning his fourth Olympic gold medal as part of the US 4 x100m relay team in LA. On the same day, Sebastian Coe edges Steve Cram to become the only man to successfully defend his Olympic 1,500m title. Also,during a radio voice test, US President Ronald Reagan jokes he has “signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes.”
1985: Singles chart:
- Into The Groove – Madonna
- Holiday – Madonna
- I Got You Babe – UB40 ft Chrissie Hynde
- We Don;t Need Another Hero – Tina Turner
- Money For Nothing – Dire Straits
- There Must Be An Angel (Playing With My Heart) – Eurythmics
- White Wedding – Billy Idol
- Drive – The Cars
- Running Up That Hill – Kate Bush
- Don Quixote – Nik Kershaw
- Now That’s What I Call Music 5 – Various Artists
- Like A Virgin – Madonna
- Brothers In Arms – Dire Straits
- Born In The USA – Bruce Springsteen
- Be Yourself Tonight – Eurythmics
- Songs From The Big Chair – Tears For Fears
- The Kenny Rogers Story – Kenny Rogers
- No Jacket Required – Phil Collins
- The Unforgettable Fire – U2
- Madonna – Madonna
1987: France and Britain send minesweepers to the Persian Gulf.
1988: Al-Qaeda is formed at a meeting between Osama bin Laden, Ayman al Zawahiri, Abdullah Azzam and others in Peshawar, Pakistan.
1989: Three members of L.L. Cool J’s crew are arrested and charged with raping a 15 year-old girl after a concert when the victim had won a backstage pass in a radio contest. On the same day, Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings of Neptune.
1990: Egyptian and Moroccan troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent an Iraqi invasion.
1991: Hezbollah release US hostage Edward Tracy.
1993: Pope John Paul II visits Mexico.
1994: Death of actor Peter Cushing, aged 81.
1998: Palestine Liberation Organisation and Palestinian National Authority president, Yasser Arafat, arrives in Cape Town on his first state visit to South Africa at the invitation of President Nelson Mandela.
1999: People in Europe and Asia witness the last total solar eclipse of the century.
2000: Madonna gives birth to a baby boy, Rocco Ritchie, at The Cedars-Sinai Hospital Beverly Hills.
2003: NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
2014: Comedian ad actor Robin Williams commits suicide aged 63.
2016: A Greenland shark is declared the oldest vertebrate animal in the world at 392 years by an international team of scientists.
BIRTHDAYS: Mike Hugg, drummer (Manfred Mann) 79; Ian McDiarmid, actor, 77; Eric Carmen, singer-songwriter, 72; Steve Wozniak, Co-founder of Apple Computers, 71; Bob Mothersbaugh, musician (DEVO) 69; Hulk Hogan (Terry Bollea), wrestler, 68; Joe Jackson, singer-songwriter, 67;Viola Davis, actress, 56; Embeth Davidtz, actress, 56; Nigel Martyn, goalkeeper, 55; Ashley Jensen, actress, 52; Andy Bell, guitarist (Oasis/Ride) 51; Nigel Harman, actor, 48; Sandi Thom, singer-songwriter, 40; Chris Hemsworth, actor, 38; Alyson Stoner, actress, 28.