1492: Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI.
1597: Germany throws out English sales people.
1786: Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
1858: First ascent of the Eiger in the Swiss Alps.
1863: Cambodia becomes a French protectorate.
1896: Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain.
1908: Edward VII meets with his cousin, Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany – the main point of contention is the increasing size of the German navy.
1914: Animation is patented by John Bray.
1934: The first federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
1940: German air raid on Dorset ports Portland and Weymouth.
1942: The SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz, Poland.
1944: Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Italy.
1945: The Allies refuse Japan’s offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status.
1950: Ethel Rosenberg testifies before grand jury in the US on allegations of spying for the Soviet Union.
1952: Hussein Ibn Talal I, is proclaimed King of Jordan.
1954: A formal peace treaty ends over seven years of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh.
1956: Abstract artist Jackson Pollack dies in a car crash.
1960: Chad declares Independence from France.
- Please Don’t Tease – Clliff Richard
- Shakin’ All Over – Johnny Kidd and The Pirates
- Apache – The Shadows
- A Mess Of Blues – Elvis Presley
- Timin’ – Jimmy Jones
- Because They’re Young – Duane Eddy
- When Will I Be Loved – The Everly Brothers
- Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Yellow Polka Dot Bikini – Brian Hyland
- Look For A Star – Gary Mills
- Ain’t Misbehavin’ – Tommy Bruce and The Bruisers
1962: Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes the third Russian in space aboard Vostok 3.
1963: Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa.
1964: The Beatles start recording their fourth album (Beatles For Sale) at EMI Studios in Abbey Road. On the same day, The High Numbers played at The Railway Hotel in Harrow. Just before the band were due on stage, Roger Daltrey’s father-in law came into the venue and dragged the singer outside and hit him. The band started their set and Daltry appeared back on stage after the fight.
1965: Six days of rioting starts in the Watts area of Los Angeles.
1966: At a press conference held at The Astor Towers Hotel in Chicago, a visibly uncomfortable John Lennon is forced to apologise for his comments, taken out of context, in a repeated newspaper interview about The Beatles being bigger than Jesus, telling reporters: “”Look, I wasn’t saying The Beatles are better than God or Jesus. I could have said ‘TV’ or ‘cinema’, ‘motorcars’ or anything popular and would have got away with it.”
1967: The Small Faces, The Move, Pink Floyd, Amen Corner, Donovan, Cream, Jeff Beck and Fleetwood Mac appeared at the Reading Festival.
1968: The Beatles launch the Apple Records label. On the same day, last main-line steam passenger train service runs in Britain.
- Bookends – Simon and Garfunkel
- The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown – The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown
- Delilah – Tom Jones
- Bare Wires – John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers
- A Man Without Love – Engelbert Humperdinck
- Ogden’s Nut Gone Flake – The Small Faces
- In Search Of The Lost Chord – The Moody Blues
- The Jungle Book – Original Soundtrack
- A Saucerful Of Secrets – Pink Floyd
- Boogie With Canned Heat – Canned Heat
1970: Two RUC officers are killed by the IRA when they set off a booby trap bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, Co Armagh.
1971: Prime Minister Edward Heath steers the British yachting team to Admiral’s Cup victory.
1972: Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they are transporting explodes prematurely.
1974: Lee Trevino wins the PGA Men’s Golf Championship.
1978: The funeral of Pope Paul VI is held at the Vatican.
1979: Led Zeppelin play their last ever UK show at Knebworth.
1982: East End gangsters Ronnie and Reggie Kray are allowed out of prison under guard for their mother Violet’s funeral at Chingford Mount Cemetery.
1984: Carl Lewis matches Jesse Owens’ 1936 feat by winning his fourth Olympic gold medal as part of the US 4 x100m relay team in LA. On the same day, Sebastian Coe edges Steve Cram to become the only man to successfully defend his Olympic 1,500m title. Also,during a radio voice test, US President Ronald Reagan jokes he has “signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes.”
1987: France and Britain send minesweepers to the Persian Gulf.
1988: Al-Qaeda is formed at a meeting between Osama bin Laden, Ayman al Zawahiri, Abdullah Azzam and others in Peshawar, Pakistan.
1989: Three members of L.L. Cool J’s crew were arrested and charged with raping a 15 year-old girl who had won a backstage pass on a radio contest. On the same day, Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings of Neptune.
1990: Egyptian and Moroccan troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent an Iraqi invasion.
1991: Hezbollah release US hostage Edward Tracy.
1993: Pope John Paul II visits Mexico.
1994: Death of actor Peter Cushing, aged 81.
1998: Palestine Liberation Organisation and Palestinian National Authority president, Yasser Arafat, arrives in Cape Town on his first state visit to South Africa at the invitation of President Nelson Mandela.
1999: Millions of people across Europe and April witness the last total solar eclipse of the century.
2000: Madonna gave birth to a baby boy Rocco Ritchie at The Cedars-Sinai Hospital Beverly Hills.
2003: NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
2014: Comedian ad actor Robin Williams commits suicide aged 63.
2016: A Greenland shark is declared the oldest vertebrate animal in the world at 392 years by an international team of scientists.
BIRTHDAYS: Mike Hugg, drummer (Manfred Mann) 78; Kenny Gamble, songwriter, 77; Ian McDiarmid, actor, 76; Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple Computers, 70; Bob Mothersbaugh, musician (DEVO) 68; Hulk Hogan (Terry Bollea) wrestler/actor, 67; Joe Jackson, singer-songwriter/pianist, 66; Viola Davis, actress, 55; Embeth Davidtz, actress, 55; Nigel Martyn, goalkeeper, 54; Ashley Jensen, actress, 51; Andy Bell, guitarist, (Oasis) 50; Nigel Harman, actor, 47; Sandi Thom, singer-songwriter, 39; Chris Hemsworth, actor, 37.