1513: Henry VIII and Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I beat France at the Battle of the Spurs at Guinegate.
1743: Champion of England titleholder Jack Broughton publishes ‘Rules of the Ring’ – the earliest boxing code.
1777: American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War.
1780: The British decisively defeat the Americans in the Battle of Camden, South Carolina.
1787: Turkey declares war on Russia.
1819: Peterloo Massacre, Manchester. The cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people are killed and 400–700 injured.
1858: Queen Victoria sends a telegraph for the first time by transatlantic telegraph cable to US President James Buchanan.
1865: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after four years of fighting against Spanish Annexation.
1869: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the Battle of Acosta Ñu.
1888: Birth of T E Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) in Wales.
1896: Gold is first discovered in Klondike at Bonanza Creek, Alaska.
1898: Edwin Prescott patents the rollercoaster.
1899: Death of Robert Bunsen, German inventor of the Bunsen burner, aged 88.
1904: Construction of Grand Central Station begins in New York City.
1906: An earthquake destroys Valparaiso, Chile.
1908: The Committee of Union and Progress (The Young Turks) announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion.
1914: Zapata & Pancho Villa overrun Mexico.
1918: US troops are overrun by Bolshevik troops at Archangelsk.
1930: The British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Canada.
1934: The US ends its 19-year occupation of Haiti.
1938: Blues singer-songwriter Robert Johnson becomes the first member of the 27 Club when he dies from drinking poisoned whickey.
1940: 45 German aircraft are shot down over England.
1945: Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops.
1946: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless.
1949: Author Margaret Mitchell, writer of Gone With The Wind, dies aged 48.
1952: Nine inches of rainfall creates a 20ft wave in Lynmouth, Devon, killing 34.
1956: Adlai E Stevenson is nominated as US Democratic presidential candidate. On the same day, Hungarian actor Bela Lugosi dies of a heart attack aged 73.
1960: Britain grants independence to Cyprus.
1961: A quarter of a milion West Berliners demonstrate against the closing off of East Berlin. On the same day, Martin Luther King protests for black voting rights in Miami, Florida.
1962: Ringo Starr officially joins The Beatles.
- I Remember You – Frank Ifield
- Speedy Gonzales – Pat Boone
- I Can’t Stop Loving You – Ray Charles
- Guitar Tango – The Shadows
- Things – Bobby Darin
- A Picture Of You – Joe Brown and The Bruvvers
- Once Upon A Dream – Billy Fury
- Roses Are Red (My Love) – Ronnie Carroll
- Don’t Ever Change – The Crickets
- Little Miss Lonely – Helen Shapiro
1969: Hippie leader Abbie Hoffman is knocked offstage by Pete Townshend while attempting to make a political statement during The Who’s set on the second day at the Woodstock Festival.
1971: Over 8,000 workers go on strike in Derry, Northern Ireland, in protest at the introduction of Internment.
1975: Peter Gabriel announces that he is leaving Genesis.
1977: Elvis Presley dies aged 42 on the toilet at his Graceland mansion in Memphis.
1980: Bill Ward quits Black Sabbath, Cozy Powell quits Rainbow and Jools Holland quits Squeeze.
1983: Singer-songwriter Paul Simon marries actress Carrie Fisher.
1985: Former car maker John DeLorean is cleared of drug trafficking at a trial in LA. On the same day, Madonna marries actor Sean Penn on her 27th birthday.
1989: A solar flare creates a geomagnetic storm that affects microchips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto’s stock market.
1992: Williams driver Nigel Mansell finishes second in the Hungarian Grand Prix at the Hungaroring to clinch the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1993: Death of actor Stewart Granger aged 80.
1997: Blur, Prodigy, Beck, Kula Shaker, Dodgy, Foo Fighhters, James and Ash appeared at the two-day V97 Festival in Chelmsford and Leeds. On the same day Pakistani Qawwali singer Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan dies aged 48.
1998: Album chart:
- Talk On Corners – The Corrs
- International Velvet – Catatonia
- Blue – Simply Red
- Postcards From Heaven – The Lighthouse Family
- Desireless – Eagle Eye Cherry
- Where We Belong – Boyzone
- Life Thru A Lens – Robbie Williams
- Jane McDonald – Jane McDonald
- Version 2.0 – Garbage
- Let’s Talk About Love – Celine Dion
2000: Alan Caddy guitarist with The Tornadoes died.
2001: Paul Burrell, former butler to Diana, Princess of Wales, is charged with stealing hundreds of items from the Wales household.
2003: Notorious former Ugandan dictator Idi Amin dies in exile in Saudi Arabia. On the same day, US Representative from South Dakota, Bill Janklow, hits and kills a motorcyclist with his car at a rural intersection. He will eventually be convicted of manslaughter and resign from Congress. Also, 18 year-old Cristiano Ronaldo makes his debut for Manchester United in a 4–0 Premier League home victory over Bolton Wanderers.
2004: Flash floods devastate the north Cornwall village of Boscastle. Miraculously no one is killed or seriously injured. On the same day, Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe wins the men’s 200m freestyle in Olympic record 1:44.71, giving him the 200/400m freestyle double at the Athens Olympics.
2005: Madonna suffers three cracked ribs, a broken collarbone and a broken hand in a horse-riding accident on her and husband Guy Ritchie’s country estate on the Wiltshire/Dorset border.
2007: Jazz drummer Max Roach dies aged 82.
2008: Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt sets a new world record of 9.69 seconds to win the 100m gold medal at the Beijing Olympics. On the same day, Rebecca Adlington wraps up the 400/800m freestyle double at the Beijing Olympics with a world record 8:14.10 in the 800, Ben Ainslie convincingly wins the Finn class in the sailing and Bradley Wiggins becomes the first cyclist ever to successfully defend his Olympic title in the individual pursuit. Also, Tom James, Steve Williams, Pete Reed & Andrew Triggs Hodge win the men’s rowing coxless fours for Britain.
2009: Usain Bolt wins the 100m in a world record 9.58s at the World Athletics Championships in Berlin.
2012: Wikileaks founder Julian Assange is granted political asylum by Ecuador in their embassy in London. On the same day, South African police open fire on striking mine workers, killing at least 34 people,
2016: Wildfire breaks out in San Bernardino County, California, engulfing 15,000 acres, prompting the evacuation of 82,000 people.
2018: Soul legend Aretha Franklin died in Detroit at the age of 76. On the same day, British Columbia, Canada, declares a state of emergency with 566 wildfires burning.
2019: Actor Peter Fonda dies aged 79 and actress Anna Quayle dies aged 86.
BIRTHDAYS: Julie Newmar, actress, 87; Ketty Lester, singer, 86; Lorraine Gary, actress, 83; Sir Trevor Mcdonald, newsreader, 81; Bruce Beresford, director. 80; Russ Titelman, record producer, 76; Lesley Ann Warren, actress, 74; Eric Bibb, blues singer-songwriter, 69; James Taylor, singer (Kool and The Gang) 67; Kathie Lee Gifford, US TV presenter, 67; James Cameron, director, 66; Tim Farriss, guitarist (INXS) 63; Angela Bassett, actress, 62; Madonna (Ciccone), singer-songwriter/performer, 62; Timothy Hutton, actor, 60; Flood (Marc Ellis) record producer, 60; Steve Carell, actor, 58; Ulrika Jonsson, TV personality, 53; Emily Robison, singer songwriter (The Dixie Chicks – now The Chicks) 48; Frankie Boyle, comedian, 48; Taika Waititi, director/writer, 45; Bob Hardy, bassist (Franz Ferdinand) 40; Vanessa Carlton, singer, 40; Joleon Lescott, former footballer, 38.