It happened today – this day in history – August 19

14AD: Death of first Roman Emperor Augustus aged 75.

1274: Edward I is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey after returning from the Ninth Crusade.

1399: Richard II surrenders to his cousin Henry.

1561: Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith to assume the throne after spending 13 years in France.

1587: Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.

1631: Birth of poet John Dryden, the first Poet Laureate, in Northantts.

1646: Birth of John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal, in Denby, Derbyshire.

1662: Death of mathematician, physicist and philosopher Blaise Pascal aged 39.

1692: Five more people hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.

1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie raises his standard at Glenfinnan, Scotland, igniting the second Jacobite rebellion.

1757: The Russian army defeats Prussia at the Battle at Gross Jagerndorf.

1772; King Gustav III seizes effective control of the Swedish government and restores full power of the monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720.

1796: Spain and France sign an anti-British alliance.

1821: Failed liberal coup in France against King Louis XVIII.

1871: Birth of aviator Orville Wright.

1883: Birth of French fashion designer Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel.

1887: Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500ft above Klin, Russia, to observe an eclipse.

1895: Outlaw, John Wesley Harding is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.

1897: The first electric taxis appear in London.

1905: Tsar Nicholas II installs an “Imperial Duma”, without legislative powers.

1913: Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes the first parachute jump in Europe.

1914: The German army executes 150 Belgians by firing squad and the German fleet bombs the English coast.

1915: The British liner “SS Arabic” is sunk by a German submarine without warning.

1919: Afghanistan declares independence from Britain.

1941: Romania annexes the Transnistria territory from the Soviet Union.

1942: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad.

1944: The last Japanese troops are driven out of India. On the same day, Paris police follow the city’s rail workers in going on strike against Nazi occupiers.

1953: England regains the Ashes. On the same day, the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddegh, is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the UK and the US.


1959: Death of sculptor Jacob Epstein aged 78.

1960: American U2 spy plane pilot, Francis Gary Powers, is sentenced to 10 years in prison by a Soviet military court. On the same day, Soviet Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 2 rats, 40 mice, 1 rabbit and fruit flies into orbit. They are the first animals to return alive from space.

1966: An earthquake strikes Varko in Turkey, killing 2,400.

1970: The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted ‘White’ status.

1973: Rita Coolidge and Kris Kristofferson marry in Malibu.

1975: Manchester United goalkeeper Alex Stepney becomes so animated when shouting at his own defenders that he dislocates his jaw and had to be taken to hospital. On the same day, campaigners calling for the release of convicted robber George Davis from prison vandalise the pitch at Headingley cricket ground, Leeds, leading to the test match between England and Australia being abandoned and declared a draw, robbing England a the chance to win the Ashes.

1977: The Sex Pistols start an undercover UK tour as The Spots, (an acronym for Sex Pistols on tour secretly). On the same day, comedian Groucho (Julius) Marx dies aged 86.

1980; A Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, killing 301 passengers and crew.

1982: 31-year-old Kevin Keegan signs for Newcastle United from Southampton for £100,000 and a reported £5000 a week. On the same day, Svetlana Savtiskaya becomes the second woman in space, 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova.

1987: Loner Michael Ryan goes on the rampage in Hungerford, Berks, shooting 14 people dead before turning the gun on himself.

1989: Hungary opens its borders to Austria for a pan-European picnic for a few hours, showing the first cracks in the Iron Curtain.

1991: Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev is overthrown in a coup by Communist hardliners.

1993: Sally Gunnell runs a world record in the women’s 400m hurdles (52.74).

1998: Archbishop Desmond Tutu releases documents revealing an alleged plot by Western countries to assassinate UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961.

1999: Tens of thousands of Serbs rally in Belgrade to demand the resignation of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

2001: Soul singer Betty Everett dies aged 61. On the same day, Ferrari diver Michael Schumacher wins the Hungarian Grand prix at the Hungaroring to clinch his fourth Formula 1 World Drivers Championship and equal Alain Prost’s record of 51 Grand Prix victories.

2002: A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.

2003: A massive bomb wrecks the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, killing 23 people including the UN’s chief envoy to Iraq.

2005: Death of Labour MP and former Northern Ireland minister Mo Mowlam from cancer aged 55.

2007: Singles chart:

  1. Stronger – Kanye West
  2. With Every Heartbeat – Robyn with Kleerup
  3. The Way I Are – Timbaland ft Keri Hilson
  4. Foundations – Kate Nash
  5. Hey There Delilah – Plain White T’s
  6. I Found U – Axwell ft Max’C#
  7. Big Girls Don’t Cry – Fergie
  8. Clothes Off – Gym Class Heroes
  9. Love Is Gone – David Guetta ft Chris Willis
  10. Dream Catch Me – Newton Faulkner
2007: Amy Winehouse – Back To Black

Album chart:

  1. The King – Elvis Presley
  2. Made Of Bricks – Kate Nash
  3. Hand Built By Robots – Newton Faulkner
  4. Back To Black – Amy Winehouse
  5. Life In Cartoon Motion – Mika
  6. This Is The Life – Amy Macdonald
  7. Shock Value – Timbaland
  8. One Chance -Paul Potts
  9. Ultimate – Prince
  10. Good Girl Gone Bad – Rihanna

2008: Chris Hoy encapsulates British dominance of track cycling at the Beijing Olympics beating teammate Jason Kenny to win the sprint, adding to his keirin and team sprint gold medals. On the same day, Victoria Pendleton beats Anna Mears in the women’s cycling sprint final. Also, Britain’s Christine Ohuruogu wins the women’s 400m.

2012: Film director and producer Tony Scott commits suicide aged 68 by jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in LA.

2013: 24 Egyptian policemen are killed in an attack in Rafah.

2016: After a six-way tie for first place in the final of the equestrian individual jumping competition at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics, Nick Skelton of Great Britain wins gold medal jump-off. On the same day, Britain upsets the heavily favoured Netherlands team to win the women’s field hockey gold medal.

2018: Novak Djokovic beats Roger Federer 6-4, 6-4 in the final of the Cincinnati Masters to become the first player to win all nine Masters. On the same day, President Donald Trump’s lawyer, former Mayor of New York, Rudy Giuliani, claims in an interview that “truth isn’t truth.”

2019: The 1957 Gibson Les Paul goldtop guitar played by Duane Allman on the classic song Layla by Derek and the Dominos, sells for $1million at auction. On the same day, Sudanese former president Omar al-Bashir admits he has received $90million from Saudi Arabian royals at the start of his corruption trial in Khartoum.

BIRTHDAYS: Roger Cook, singer-songwriter (Blue Mink) 81; Jill St John, actress, 81; Billy J Kramer (Ashton), singer, 78; Ian Gillan, singer (Deep Purple) 76; Bill Clinton, former US president, 75; Jennie Bond, journalist, 71; John Deacon, bassist/songwriter (Queen) 70; Jonathan Frakes, actor/director, 69; Dan “Woody” Woodgate, drummer (Madness) 61; Joey Tempest, singer (Europe) 58; John Stamos, actor, 58; Kyra Sedgwick, actress, 56; Matthew Perry, actor/playwright, 52; Marco Materazzi, Italian footballer, 48; Tracie Thoms, actress, 46; Simon Bird, actor, 37; Christina Perri, singer-songwriter, 34.