It happened today – this day in history – August 19

Mick Ferris

14AD: Death of first Roman Emperor Augustus aged 75.

1274: Edward I is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey after returning from the Ninth Crusade.

1399: Richard II surrenders to his cousin Henry.

1561: Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith to assume the throne after spending 13 years in France.

1587: Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.

1631: Birth of poet John Dryden, the first Poet Laureate, in Northantts.

1646: Birth of John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal, in Denby, Derbyshire.

1662: Death of mathematician, physicist and philosopher Blaise Pascal aged 39.

1692: Five more people hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.

1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie raises his standard at Glenfinnan, Scotland, igniting the second Jacobite rebellion.

1757: The Russian army defeats Prussia at the Battle at Gross Jagerndorf.

1772; King Gustav III seizes effective control of the Swedish government and restores full power of the monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720.

1796: Spain and France sign an anti-British alliance.

1821: Failed liberal coup in France against King Louis XVIII.

1871: Birth of aviator Orville Wright.

1883: Birth of French fashion designer Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel.

1887: Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500ft above Klin, Russia, to observe an eclipse.

1895: Outlaw, John Wesley Harding is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.

1897: The first electric taxis appear in London.

1905: Tsar Nicholas II installs an “Imperial Duma”, without legislative powers.

1913: Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes the first parachute jump in Europe.

1914: The German army executes 150 Belgians by firing squad and the German fleet bombs the English coast.

1915: The British liner “SS Arabic” is sunk by a German submarine without warning.

1919: Afghanistan declares independence from Britain.

1941: Romania annexes the Transnistria territory from the Soviet Union.

1942: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad.

1944: The last Japanese troops are driven out of India. On the same day, Paris police follow the city’s rail workers in going on strike against Nazi occupiers.

1953: England regains the Ashes. On the same day, the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddegh, is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the UK and the US.

1959: Death of sculptor Jacob Epstein aged 78.

1960: American pilot Francis Gary Powers, is sentenced to 10 years in prison by a Soviet military court after being sht down over the country. On the same day, Soviet Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 2 rats, 40 mice, 1 rabbit and fruit flies into orbit. They are the first animals to return alive from space.

1965: US President Lyndon B Johnson visits West Berlin.

1970: The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted ‘White’ status.

1973: Singers Rita Coolidge and Kris Kristofferson were married in Malibu, California.

1975: Campaigners calling for the release of robber George Davis from prison vandalise the pitch at Headingley cricket ground, preventing play in the test match and robbing England of a chance to win the Ashes.

1977: The Sex Pistols started an undercover UK tour as The Spots as their previous attempt to tour had resulted in councils across the UK forcing the cancellation of gigs. On the same day, comedian Groucho (Julius) Marx dies aged 86.

1979: Rockabilly singer/songwriter Dorsey Burnette died from a heart attack at his home in Canoga Park, California.

1980; A Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, killing 301.

1982: Svetlana Savtiskaya becomes the second woman in space, 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova.

1987: Gunman Michael Ryan shoots 14 people dead including his own mother in Hungerford, Berks.

1989: Hungary opens its borders to Austria for a pan-European picnic for a few hours, showing the first cracks in the Iron Curtain.

1991: Communist hardliners launch a coup to overthrow Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

1993: Sally Gunnell runs a world record in the women’s 400m hurdles (52.74).

1998: Archbishop Desmond Tutu releases documents revealing an alleged plot by Western countries to assassinate UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961.

1999: Tens of thousands of Serbs rally in Belgrade to demand the resignation of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

2001: Soul singer Betty Everett died aged 61. On the same day, Ferrari diver Michael Schumacher wins the Hungarian Grand prix at the Hungaroring to clinch his fourth Formula 1 World Drivers Championship and equal Alain Prost’s record of 51 Grand Prix victories.

Singles chart:

  1. Let’s Dance – Five
  2. Take Me Home – Sophie Ellis Bextor
  3. 21 Seconds – So Solid Crew
  4. Let Me Blow Ya Mind – Eve ft Gwen Stefani
  5. Little L – Jamiroquai
  6. Eternal Flame – Atomic Kitten
  7. Castles In The Sky – Ian van Dahl
  8. Crystal – New Order
  9. Perfect Gentleman – Wyclef Jean
  10. Ain’t It Funny – Jennifer Lopez
2001: Destiny’s Child

Album chart:

  1. White Ladder – David Gray
  2. Right Now – Atomic Kitten
  3. The Very Best Of – Prince
  4. Survivor – Destiny’s Child
  5. Songbird – Eva Cassidy
  6. No Angel – Dido
  7. The Ecleftic – Two Sides To A Book – Wyclef Jean
  8. Drops Of Jupiter – Train
  9. The Invisible Band – Travis
  10. Gorillaz – Gorillaz

2002: A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.

2003: A massive bomb wrecks the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, killing at least 17 people including the UN’s chief envoy to Iraq.

2005: Death of Labour MP and former Northern Ireland minister Mo Mowlam from cancer aged 55.

2008: Chris Hoy encapsulates British dominance of track cycling at the Beijing Olympics beating teammate Jason Kenny to win the sprint, adding to his keirin and team sprint gold medals. On the same day, Victoria Pendleton beats Anna Mears in the women’s cycling sprint final. Also, Britain’s Christine Ohuruogu wins the women’s 400m.

2012: Film director and producer Tony Scott commits suicide aged 68 by jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in LA.

2013: 24 Egyptian policemen are killed in an attack in Rafah.

2016: After a six-way tie for first place in the final of the equestrian individual jumping competition at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics, Nick Skelton of Great Britain wins gold medal jump-off. On the same day, Britain upsets the heavily favoured Netherlands team to win the women’s field hockey gold medal.

2018: Novak Djokovic beats Roger Federer 6-4, 6-4 in the final of the Cincinnati Masters to become the first player to win all nine Masters. On the same day, President Donald Trump’s lawyer, former Mayor of New York, Rudy Giuliani, claims in an interview that “truth isn’t truth.”

2019: The 1957 Gibson Les Paul guitar played by the late Duane Allman on the Derek and The Dominos song “Layla” sold for $1million at auction. On the same day, Sudanese former presiident Omar al-Bashir admits he has received $90million from Saudi Arabian royals at the start of his corruption trial in Khartoum.

BIRTHDAYS: Johnny Nash, singer-songwriter, 80; Roger Cook, singer-songwriter 80; Billy J Kramer (William Ashton) singer, 77; Ian Gillan, singer (Deep Purple) 75; Bill Clinton, former US President, 74; Jennie Bond, journalist, 70; John Deacon, bassist (Queen) 69; Jonathan Frakes, actor/director, 68; Dan “Woody” Woodgate, drummer (Madness) 60; Joey Tempest, singer (Europe) 57; Kyra Sedgwick, actress, 55; Matthew Perry, actor, 51; Tracie Thoms, actress, 45; Darius Danesh, singer, 40; Christina Perri, singer-songwriter, 34.

Mick Ferris

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