1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and de facto ruler of Japan.
1264: Kublai Khan accepts the surrender of his younger brother Ariq Böke at Xanadu at the end of the Mongol civil war.
1541: Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Mgnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years.
1689: Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange.
1703: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans.
1745: Tsar Peter III marries Ekaterina Alexeievna, later Catherine the Great.
1765: Birth of William IV.
1808: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat a French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot at the Battle of Vimeiro, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.
1842: The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
1852: Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk in Yukon Territory.
1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre.
1915: Italy declares war on Turkey.
1930: Birth of Princess Margaret.
1940: Marxist revolutionary Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico aged 62 with an ice pick by Ramón Mercader.
1942: Walt Disney’s animated movie “Bambi” is released.
1945: US President Harry Truman ends the Lend-Lease program.
1953: Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco is deposed.
1959: Hawaii becomes the 50th state of the US.
1961: Patsy Cline recorded the classic Willie Nelson song, ‘Crazy’. Cline was on crutches after going through a car windshield in a head-on collision two months earlier and had difficulty reaching the high notes due to her broken ribs. On the same day, Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta is released from prison after nine years.
1963: Martial law is declared in South Vietnam.
1965: Gemini 5 is launched into orbit with astronauts Gordon Cooper and Pete Conrad.
1966: Album chart:
- Revolver – The Beatles
- The Sound of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Pet Sounds – The Beach Boys
- Summer Days (And Summer Nights) – The Beach Boys
- Blonde On Blonde – Bob Dylan
- Paradise Hawaiian Style – Elvis Presley
- From Nowhere… – The Troggs
- Strangers In The Night – Frank Sinatra
- The Mamas and Papas – The Mamas and Papas
- Going Places – Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass
1968: The Warsaw Pact clampdown in Czechoslovakia continues. Several members of the liberal Czechoslovak leadership are arrested, including Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek.
1970: The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established in Northern Ireland with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party.
1973: The coroner presiding over the “Bloody Sunday” inquest accuses the British army of “sheer unadulterated murder”.
1976: The Rolling Stones, 10CC, Lynyrd Skynyrd and Todd Rundgren’s Utopia appeared at the Knebworth Festival near Stevenage. On the same day, Mary Langdon becomes the first British firewoman in East Sussex.
1982: U2 singer Bono married Alison Stewart, his girlfriend of seven years, at All Saints Church, Raheny in Ireland. Bassist Adam Clayton was his best man.
1983: Philippines opposition leader Benigno Aquino is assassinated minutes after returning home from exile.
1986: At least 1,200 people are feared dead after toxic volcanic gases escape from a lake in Cameroon. On the same day, a huge glacier in Alaska begins to move after being inactive for thousands of years, threatening to cause an ecological disaster in the region. On the same day, Ian Botham takes a world-record 356th Test wicket against New Zealand at The Oval.
1989: Voyager 2 begins a flyby of the planet Neptune.
1991: A Conservative coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin. On the same day, Latvia declares independence from USSR.
1993: NASA loses contact with the Mars Observer.
1997: Stone Roses drummer Alan “Reni” Wren was jailed for seven days after being rude to a Manchester Magistrate. He was before the court due to having no car insurance and lost his temper after being quizzed about his earnings.
1998: P W Botha is found guilty of contempt for repeatedly ignoring subpoenas to testify before South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
2001: NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
2005: Robert Moog, inventor of the synthesiser died aged 71 from brain cancer.
2008: Ex-pop star and convicted paedophile, Gary Glitter, returned to Thailand after being refused entry to Hong Kong. On the same day, drummer Buddy Harman died of congestive heart failure, aged 79 – exactly 47 years to the day after playing on Patsy Cline’s recording of ‘Crazy.’
2010: Actor and director Stephen Moyer marries True Blood co-star Anna Paquin at a private estate in Malibu.
2011: Singles chart:
- Don’t Go – Wretch 32 ft Josh Kumba
- Heaven – Emeli Sande
- Moves Like Jagger – Maroon 5
- Jar Of Hearts – Christina Perri
- Promises – Nero
- The A Team – Ed Sheeran
- Little Bad Girl – David Guetta/Ludacris/Cruz
- Down With The Trumpets – Rizzle Kicks
- She Makes Me Wanna – JLS ft Dev
- Glad You Came – The Wanted
2014: An Israeli airstrike in Rafah kills Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al Atar and Mohammed Barhoum – three of Hamas’s top commanders.
2015: A terrorist attack on a train between Amsterdam and Paris is thwarted by four passengers overpowering the gunman.
2017: Big Ben chimes for the last time before a four-year restoration process begins.
2018: Michael Cohen, resident Donald Trump’s personal lawyer, pleads guilty to charges including illegal payments to women Trump had affairs with.
2019: President Trump says Danish PM Mette Frederiksen was “nasty” to him over his interest in buying Greenland and cancels his trip to Denmark.
BIRTHDAYS: Jackie DeShannon, singer-songwriter, 79; Glenn Hughes, singer/bassist (Trapeze/Deep Purple/Black Country Communion) 69; Kim Cattrall, actress, 64; Budgie (Peter Clarke) drummer (Siouxsie and the Banshees) 63; Kim Sledge, singer (Sister Sledge) 63; King Mohammed VI of Morocco, 57; Serj Tankian, singer (System of a Down) 53; Carrie-Anne Moss, actress, 53; Liam Howlett, musician/DJ (The Prodigy) 49; Kelis (Rogers) singer, 41; Chantelle Houghton, TV personality, 37; Usain Bolt, athlete, 34; Kacey Musgraves, country singer-songwriter, 32; Hayden Panettiere (Klitschco) , actress, 31.