It happened today – this day in history – August 21

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and de facto ruler of Japan.

1264: Kublai Khan accepts the surrender of his younger brother Ariq Böke at Xanadu at the end of the Mongol civil war.

1541: Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Mgnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years.

1689: Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange.

1703: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans.

1745: Tsar Peter III marries Ekaterina Alexeievna, later Catherine the Great.

1765: Birth of William IV.

1808: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat a French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot at the Battle of Vimeiro, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1842: The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.

1852: Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk in Yukon Territory.

1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre.

1915: Italy declares war on Turkey.

1930: Birth of Princess Margaret.

1940: Marxist revolutionary Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico aged 62 with an ice pick by Ramón Mercader on the orders of Josef Stalin.

1942: Walt Disney’s animated movie “Bambi” is released.

1945: US President Harry Truman ends the Lend-Lease program.

1953: Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco is deposed.

1959: Hawaii becomes the 50th state of the US.

1961: Patsy Cline records the classic Willie Nelson song, ‘Crazy’. Cline was on crutches after going through a car windshield in a head-on collision two months earlier and had difficulty reaching the high notes due to her broken ribs. On the same day, Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta is released from prison after nine years.

1963: Martial law is declared in South Vietnam.

1965: The first substitution in the Football League is made in the Second Division game Bolton v Charlton when Addicks keeper Mike Rose goes off injured after 11 minutes. Full back John Hewie takes his place in goal as there was no replacement goalkeeper on the bench and defender Keith Peacock comes on. On the same day, Gemini 5 is launched into orbit with astronauts Gordon Cooper and Pete Conrad.

1968: The Warsaw Pact clampdown in Czechoslovakia continues. Several members of the liberal Czechoslovak leadership are arrested, including Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek.

Singles chart:

  1. Mony Mony – Tommy James and the Shondells
  2. Fire! – The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown
  3. This Guy’s In Love With You – Herb Alpert
  4. Do It Again – The Beach Boys
  5. Help Yourself – Tom Jones
  6. I Close My Eyes And Count To Ten – Dusty Springfield
  7. I’ve Gotta Get A Message To You – The Bee Gees
  8. Sunshine Girl – Herman’s Hermits
  9. High In The Sky – Amen Corner
  10. Dance To The Music – Sly and the Family Stone

1970: The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established in Northern Ireland with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party.


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1973: The coroner presiding over the “Bloody Sunday” inquest accuses the British Army of “sheer unadulterated murder”.

1976: The Rolling Stones, 10CC, and Lynyrd Skynyrd appear at the Knebworth Festival in Stevenage. On the same day, Mary Langdon becomes the first British firewoman in East Sussex.

1978: Jock Stein becomes manager of Leeds United…briefly.

1982: U2 frontman Bono marries Alison Stewart at All Saints Church, Raheny in Ireland.

1983: The Philippines opposition leader, Benigno Aquino, is assassinated minutes after returning home from exile.

1985: On TV tonight (Wednesday)

THAMES


06.15TV-am: Good Morning Britain

09.25Thames News Headlines

09.30The Little Rascals

09.40Potty Time

10.05Fireball XL5

10.30All Summer in a Day

10.55Courageous Cat

11.05Home

11.30About Britain

12.00Storytime

12.10Our Backyard

12.30Judi Goes on Holiday

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30A Country Practice

14.30Hair

15.00Take the High Road

15.25Thames News Headlines

15.30Sons and Daughters

16.00Storytime

16.15Victor and Maria

16.20Video and Chips

16.50Hold Tight!

17.15Candid Camera

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames News

18.25What It’s Worth

18.35Crossroads

19.00Where There’s Life…

19.30Coronation Street

20.00Miss United Kingdom

21.00Bulman
Starring Don Henderson


22.00News at Ten

22.30The Star Maker


CHANNEL 4

14.15Channel Four Racing

16.30The Gong Show

17.00Alice

17.30Silents Please

18.00The Betty White Show

18.30Scottish Fiddle Orchestra in Concert

19.00Channel Four News

19.50Comment

20.00The World – a Television History

20.30International Athletics

21.10Ashkenazy Plays Beethoven

22.00Lou Grant

22.55Berlin Alexanderplatz


BBC ONE

06.00Ceefax AM

06.50Breakfast Time

09.20Huckleberry Finn and His Friends

09.45Hartbeat

10.05Play School

10.25Cricket

12.50News After Noon

13.07Regional News

13.10Hokey Cokey

13.25Cricket

16.18Regional News

16.20King Rollo

16.25Bric-a-Brac

16.35Battle of the Planets

17.00John Craven’s Newsround

17.10Gentle Ben

17.35Paddles Up

18.00The Six O’Clock News

18.35Regional news magazines

19.00Wogan

19.35Bellamy’s Seaside Safari

20.00Athletics
The Weltklasse Games from Zurich
Introduced by David Icke and Brendan Foster


21.00The Nine O’Clock News

21.25Fell Tiger

22.15Real Lives

23.00International Athletics

23.20Glitter


BBC TWO

06.55Open University

09.00Pages from Ceefax

10.25Cricket
Nat West Trophy semi final


12.50Pages from Ceefax

13.20Cricket

19.30What a Picture!

20.00Wildlife Showcase

20.30Dangerous Company

22.05Harty Goes to … Edinburgh

22.35Newsnight

23.20Weatherview

23.25Cricket

1986: Volcanic gases escape from Lake Nyos in Cameroon, killing 1,700 people. On the same day, the Hubbard Glacier in Alaska begins to move for the first time in thousands of years, threatening ecological disaster. Also, Ian Botham takes a world-record 356th Test wicket against New Zealand at The Oval.

1989: Voyager 2 begins a flyby of the planet Neptune.

1991: A coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin. On the same day, Latvia declares independence from USSR.

1993: NASA loses contact with the Mars Observer.

1997: Former Stone Roses drummer Alan “Reni” Wren is jailed for seven days after being rude to a top Manchester Magistrate. He was before the court due to having no car insurance and lost his temper after being quizzed about his earnings.

1998: P W Botha is found guilty of contempt for repeatedly ignoring subpoenas to testify before South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

2001: NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

2005: Robert Moog, inventor of the synthesiser dies aged 71, from brain cancer.

2010: Actor and director Stephen Moyer marries True Blood co-star Anna Paquin in Malibu.

2011: Adele – 21

2011: Album chart:

  1. Welcome Reality – Nero
  2. 21 – Adele
  3. Back To Black – Amy Winehouse
  4. Watch The Throne – Jay-Z & Kanye Wesy
  5. 19 – Adele
  6. Young Pilgrim – Charlie Simpson
  7. The Ultimate Collection – John Denver
  8. 4 – Beyonce
  9. No More Idols – Chase & Status
  10. Doo-Wops & Hooligans – Bruno Mars

2014: An Israeli airstrike in Rafah kills Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al Atar and Mohammed Barhoum – three of Hamas’s top commanders.

2015: A terrorist attack on a train between Amsterdam and Paris is thwarted by four passengers overpowering the gunman.

2017: Big Ben chimes for the last time before a four-year restoration process begins.

2018: Michael Cohen, resident Donald Trump’s personal lawyer, pleads guilty to charges including illegal payments to women Trump had affairs with.

2019: President Trump says Danish PM Mette Frederiksen was “nasty” to him over his interest in buying Greenland and cancels his trip to Denmark.

BIRTHDAYS: Jackie DeShannon, singer-songwriter, 80; Peter Weir, director, 77; Glenn Hughes, bassist/singer (Deep Purple/Trapeze/Black Country Communion), 70; Kim Cattrall, actress, 65; Budgie (Peter Clarke) drummer (Siouxsie and the Banshees) 64; Kate Robbins, actress/comedian, 59; Nigel Pearson, football manager, 58; Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, 58; Carrie-Anne Moss, actress, 54; Serj Tankian, singer (System of a Down) 54; Julie Etchingham, journalist, 52; Liam Howlett, musician (The Prodigy) 50; Paul Chowdhry, comedian, 47; Kelis (Rogers), singer-songwriter, 42; Chantelle Houghton, TV personality, 38; Usain Bolt, athlete, 35; Robert Lewandowski, footballer, 33; Kacey Musgraves, singer-songwriter, 33; Hayden Panettiere (Klitschco), actress, 32; Millie Bright, footballer, 28.

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