It happened today – this day in history – August 21

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and de facto ruler of Japan.

1264: Kublai Khan accepts the surrender of his younger brother Ariq Böke at Xanadu at the end of the Mongol civil war.

1541: Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Mgnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years.

1689: Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange.

1703: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans.

1745: Tsar Peter III marries Ekaterina Alexeievna, later Catherine the Great.

1765: Birth of William IV.

1808: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat a French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot at the Battle of Vimeiro, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1842: The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.

1852: Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk in Yukon Territory.

1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre.

1915: Italy declares war on Turkey.

1930: Birth of Princess Margaret.

1940: Marxist revolutionary Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico aged 62 with an ice pick by Ramón Mercader on the orders of Josef Stalin.

1942: Walt Disney’s animated movie “Bambi” is released.

1945: US President Harry Truman ends the Lend-Lease program.

1953: Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco is deposed.

1959: Hawaii becomes the 50th state of the US.

1961: Patsy Cline records the classic Willie Nelson song, ‘Crazy’. Cline was on crutches after going through a car windshield in a head-on collision two months earlier and had difficulty reaching the high notes due to her broken ribs. On the same day, Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta is released from prison after nine years.

1963: Martial law is declared in South Vietnam.

1965: The first substitution in the Football League is made in the Second Division game Bolton v Charlton when Addicks keeper Mike Rose goes off injured after 11 minutes. Full back John Hewie takes his place in goal as there was no replacement goalkeeper on the bench and defender Keith Peacock comes on. On the same day, Gemini 5 is launched into orbit with astronauts Gordon Cooper and Pete Conrad.

1968: The Warsaw Pact clampdown in Czechoslovakia continues. Several members of the liberal Czechoslovak leadership are arrested, including Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek.

1970: The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established in Northern Ireland with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party.


1973: The coroner presiding over the “Bloody Sunday” inquest accuses the British Army of “sheer unadulterated murder”.

1976: The Rolling Stones, 10CC, and Lynyrd Skynyrd appear at the Knebworth Festival in Stevenage. On the same day, Mary Langdon becomes the first female British firefighter in East Sussex.

1978: Jock Stein becomes manager of Leeds United…briefly.

1982: U2 frontman Bono marries Alison Stewart at All Saints Church, Raheny in Ireland.

1983: The Philippines opposition leader, Benigno Aquino, is assassinated minutes after returning home from exile.

Singles chart:

  1. Give It Up – KC and the Sunshine Band
  2. Gold – Spandau Ballet
  3. Long Hot Summer – The Style Council
  4. I’m Still Standing – Elton John
  5. Club Tropicana – Wham!
  6. Wings Of A Dove – Madness
  7. Everything Counts – Depeche Mode
  8. Rockit – Herbie Hancock
  9. Red Red Wine – UB40
  10. Watching You Watching Me – David Grant
1983: Michael Jackson – Thriller

Album chart:

  1. 18 Greatest Hits – Michael Jackson and the Jackson 5
  2. The Very Best Of – The Beach Boys
  3. Fantastic – Wham!
  4. True – Spandau Ballet
  5. Thriller – Michael Jackson
  6. Alpha – Asia
  7. Too Low For Zero – Elton John
  8. The Principle Of Moments – Robert Plant
  9. No Parlez – Paul Young
  10. Punch The Clock – Elvis Costello and the Attractions

1986: Volcanic gases escape from Lake Nyos in Cameroon, killing 1,700 people. On the same day, the Hubbard Glacier in Alaska begins to move for the first time in thousands of years, threatening ecological disaster. Also, Ian Botham takes a world-record 356th Test wicket against New Zealand at The Oval.

1989: Voyager 2 begins a flyby of the planet Neptune.

1991: A coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin. On the same day, Latvia declares independence.

1993: NASA loses contact with the Mars Observer.

1997: Former Stone Roses drummer Alan “Reni” Wren is jailed for seven days after being rude to a top Manchester Magistrate. He was before the court due to having no car insurance and lost his temper after being quizzed about his earnings.

1998: P W Botha is found guilty of contempt for repeatedly ignoring subpoenas to testify before South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

2001: NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

2005: Robert Moog, inventor of the synthesiser dies aged 71 from brain cancer.

2010: Actor and director Stephen Moyer marries True Blood co-star Anna Paquin in Malibu.

2014: An Israeli airstrike in Rafah kills Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al Atar and Mohammed Barhoum – three of Hamas’s top commanders.

2015: A terrorist attack on a train between Amsterdam and Paris is thwarted by four passengers overpowering the gunman.

2017: Big Ben chimes for the last time before a four-year restoration process begins.

2018: Michael Cohen, Donald Trump’s personal lawyer, pleads guilty to charges including illegal payments to women Trump had affairs with.

2019: Donald Trump says Danish PM Mette Frederiksen was “nasty” to him over his interest in buying Greenland and cancels his trip to Denmark.

2021: Singer/guitarist Don (Isaac) Everly dies aged 84

BIRTHDAYS: Jackie DeShannon (Sharon Myers), singer-songwriter, 81; Peter Weir, director, 78; Glenn Hughes, bassist/singer (Deep Purple/Trapeze/Black Country Communion), 71; Kim Cattrall, actress, 66; Budgie (Peter Clarke) drummer (Siouxsie and the Banshees) 65; Kate Robbins, actress/comedian, 60; Nigel Pearson, football manager, 59; Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, 59; Carrie-Anne Moss, actress, 55; Serj Tankian, singer (System Of A Down) 55; Julie Etchingham, journalist, 53; Liam Howlett, musician (The Prodigy) 51; Paul Chowdhry, comedian, 48; Kelis (Rogers), singer-songwriter, 43; Chantelle Houghton, TV personality, 39; Usain Bolt, athlete, 36; Robert Lewandowski, footballer, 34; Kacey Musgraves, singer-songwriter, 34; Hayden Panettiere, actress, 33; Millie Bright, footballer, 29.