It happened today – this day in history – August 22

565: St Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness.

1138: English defeat the Scottish at Cowton Moor, Yorks.

1485: Henry Tudor’s forces defeat Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the final battle in the War of the Roses.

1582: James VI of Scotland is captured.

1642: The English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament.

1717: Spanish troops land on Sardinia.

1770: James Cook’s expedition lands on the east coast of Australia.

1848: The US annexes New Mexico.

1862: Birth of French composer Claude Debussy.

1864: The first Geneva Convention adopted “for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field” is signed by 12 nations.

1894: Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal.

1903: Death of former Prime Minister Lord Salisbury aged 73.

1910: Japan annexes Korea.

1921: J Edgar Hoover becomes assistant director of the FBI.

1922: Irish nationalist leader Michael Collins is killed in an ambush by anti-treaty forces during the Irish Civil War aged 31.

1926: Gold is discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa.

1930: Australia regain The Ashes.

1932: The BBC begins experimental regular TV broadcasts.

1941: Nazi troops reach Lenningrad.

1942: Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy.

1952: The penal colony on Devil’s Island is permanently closed.


1953: The Shah of Iran returns to Tehran.

1954: Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina clinches his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by winning Swiss Grand Prix at Bremgarten in a Maserati.

1956: Elvis Presley begins work on his first film, Love Me Tender.

1962: An assassination attempt on French president Charles de Gaulle fails.

1964: Match of the Day is shown for the first time (in black and white) with highlights from Liverpool v Arsenal. The BBC2 audience is thought to have been little more than attended the match.

1966: ICI, Britain’s largest manufacturing company, announces 1,000 redundancies at its nylon-fibre producing factories.

1968: Fed up with the bickering in the studio during the recording of The White Album, Ringo Starr walks out on The Beatles and goes on holiday.

1969: The Beatles meet at John Lennon’s Tittenhurst Park home for their last ever photo session.

1971: Approximately 130 non-Unionist councillors announce their withdrawal from participation on district councils across Northern Ireland in protest against Internment.

Singles chart:

  1. I’m Still Waiting – Diana Ross
  2. Never Ending Song Of Love – The New Seekers
  3. What Are You Doing Sunday – Dawn
  4. Get It On – T. Rex
  5. In My Own Time – Family
  6. Let Your Yeah Be Yeah – The Pioneers
  7. Devil’s Answer – Atomic Rooster
  8. Soldier Blue – Buffy Sainte Marie
  9. Hey Girl Don’t Bother Me – The Tams
  10. Bangladesh – George Harrison
1971: Carole King – Tapestry

Album chart:

  1. Top Of The Pops Volume 18 – Various Artists
  2. Hot Hits 6 – Various Artists
  3. Every Good Boy Deserves Favour – The Moody Blues
  4. Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
  5. Master Of Reality – Black Sabbath
  6. C’mon Everybody – Elvis Presley
  7. Motown Chartbusters Vol 6 – Various Artists
  8. Ram – Paul McCartney
  9. Mud Slide Slim And The Blue Horizon – James Taylor
  10. Tapestry – Carole King

1972: Rhodesia is barred from the Munich Olympics four days before the opening ceremony in the face of mounting international pressure. On the same day, an IRA bomb explodes prematurely at a customs post at Newry, County Down, killing nine people, including three members of the IRA and five Catholic civilians.

1978: Kenyan president, Jomo Kenyatta, dies aged 89.

1986: Deputy chief constable of Greater Manchester police John Stalker is cleared of misconduct following allegations that he had been at social events attended by known criminals.

1999: Farmer Tony Martin is arrested after a burglar is shot and killed at his Norfolk farmhouse.

2004: The Scream and Madonna, paintings by Edvard Munch are stolen at gunpoint from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway. On the same day,, Justine Henin of Belgium wins the women’s singles tennis gold medal at the Athens Olympics 6-3, 6-3 over Amélie Mauresmo of France.

2011: Songwriter and producer Jerry Leiber dies aged 78. On the same day, songwriter Nicholas Ashford dies from throat cancer.

2014: John Lennon’s killer, Mark David Chapman, is denied parole by New York State officials for the eighth time.

2015: A vintage Hawker Hunter plane crashes onto the A27 dual carriageway road during the Shoreham airshow in Britain killing at least 11 people. On the same day, the World Athletics Championships open in Beijing, China.

2019: South Korea says it is leaving an intelligence-sharing pact with Japan in an escalation of the rift between the two countries.

BIRTHDAYS: Alan Birchenall, footballer, 76; Steve Davis, snooker champion, 64; Vernon Reid, singer (Living Colour) 63, Mark Williams, actor/writer, 62; Debbie Peterson, drummer (The Bangles), 60; Roland Orzabal, singer/musician/songwriter (Tears For Fears) 60; Tori Amos, singer-songwriter, 58; Mats Wilander, tennis star, 57; Ty Burrell, actor, 54; Steve Cradock, guitarist (Ocean Colour Scene/Paul Weller) 52; Richard Armitage, actor, 50; Kristen Wiig, actress/writer, 48; Sheree Murphy, actress, 46; James Corden, actor/writer/US TV host, 43; Stephen Ireland, footballer, 35; Vladimir Coufal, footballer, 29; Dua Lipa, singer-songwriter, 26.